[Federal Register: March 20, 2001 (Volume 66, Number 54)]
[Notices]
[Page 15748-15750]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr20mr01-100]

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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service

Notice of Inventory Completion for Native American Human Remains
and Associated Funerary Objects in the Possession of the Peabody Museum
of Archaeology and Ethnology, Cambridge, MA

AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice.

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    Notice is hereby given in accordance with provisions of the Native
American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 43 CFR 10.9,
of an inventory of human remains and associated funerary objects in the
possession of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard
University, Cambridge, MA.
    This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 43 CFR 10.2 (c). The
determinations within this notice are the sole responsibility of the
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of these Native
American human remains and associated funerary objects. The National
Park Service is not responsible for the determinations within this
notice.
    A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by the Peabody
Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology professional staff in consultation
with representatives of the Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma, and the Three
Affiliated Tribes of the Fort Berthold Reservation, North Dakota.
    In 1912, human remains representing 12 individuals were donated to
the Peabody Museum by R. F. Gilder. No known individuals were
identified. No associated funerary objects are present.
    Museum records indicate that these remains were collected by R. F.
Gilder and Frederick H. Sterns from the ``Cannibal House'' site, north
of Bellevue, Sarpy County, NE, in 1912. That year, the remains were
turned over to Mr. Sterns of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and
Ethnology and were accessioned into the museum. The ``Cannibal House''
site was an earth lodge of the Nebraska phase (A.D. 1000-1450) of the
Central Plains tradition. Archeological, linguistic, biological, and
oral tradition evidence indicate a shared group identity between
Nebraska-phase populations and the historic Arikara and Pawnee tribes.
The Pawnee and the Arikara tribes are represented, respectively, by the
present-day Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma, and the Three Affiliated Tribes
of the Fort Berthold Reservation, North Dakota.

[[Page 15749]]

    In 1912, Frederick H. Sterns of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology
and Ethnology donated human remains representing 14 individuals to the
museum. No known individuals were identified. No associated funerary
objects are present.
    Museum records indicate that these remains were collected by Mr.
Sterns as part of a Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology
expedition and were accessioned into the museum in 1912. The remains
came from site 25DO26, north of Florence, Douglas County, NE. The
remains of six individuals were recovered from the excavation of an
earth lodge designated ``Mound L1'' and the remains of eight
individuals were collected during the excavation of an earth lodge
designated ``Mound L3.'' Site 25DO26 was a set of earth lodges of the
Nebraska phase (A.D. 1000-1450) of the Central Plains tradition.
Archeological, linguistic, biological, and oral tradition evidence
indicate a shared group identity between Nebraska-phase populations and
the historic Arikara and Pawnee tribes. The Pawnee and the Arikara
tribes are represented, respectively, by the present-day Pawnee Nation
of Oklahoma, and the Three Affiliated Tribes of the Fort Berthold
Reservation, North Dakota.
    In 1912, human remains representing two individuals were donated to
the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology by R. F. Gilder. No
known individuals were identified. No associated funerary objects are
present.
    Museum records indicate that these remains were collected by R. F.
Gilder from the Wallace Mound site, site 25SY67, 2 miles north of
Bellevue, Sarpy County, NE, in 1912. That year, the remains were turned
over to Frederick H. Sterns of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and
Ethnology and were accessioned into the museum. This ``mound'' was
actually a concentration of burials on slightly elevated ground, rather
than a formal mound. Descriptions of artifacts found with the burials
indicate that Wallace Mound was a mortuary site of the Nebraska phase
(A.D. 1000-1450) of the Central Plains tradition. Archeological,
linguistic, biological, and oral tradition evidence indicate a shared
group identity between Nebraska-phase populations and the historic
Arikara and Pawnee tribes. The Pawnee and the Arikara tribes are
represented, respectively, by the present-day Pawnee Nation of
Oklahoma, and the Three Affiliated Tribes of the Fort Berthold
Reservation, North Dakota.
    In 1914, Frederick H. Sterns of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology
and Ethnology donated human remains representing 18 individuals from
the Wallace Mound site to the museum. No known individuals were
identified. No associated funerary objects are present.
    Museum records indicate that these remains were collected by Mr.
Sterns as part of a Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology
expedition and were accessioned into the museum in 1914. These remains
were from the Wallace Mound site, Site 25SY67, 2 miles north of
Bellevue, Sarpy County, NE. This ``mound'' was actually a concentration
of burials on slightly elevated ground, rather than a formal mound.
Descriptions of artifacts found with the burials indicate that Wallace
Mound was a mortuary site of the Nebraska phase (A.D. 1000-1450) of the
Central Plains tradition. Archeological, linguistic, biological, and
oral tradition evidence indicate a shared group identity between
Nebraska-phase populations and the historic Arikara and Pawnee tribes.
The Pawnee and the Arikara tribes are represented, respectively, by the
present-day Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma, and the Three Affiliated Tribes
of the Fort Berthold Reservation, North Dakota.
    In 1912, Frederick H. Sterns of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology
and Ethnology donated human remains representing one individual to the
museum. No known individual was identified. No associated funerary
objects are present.
    Museum records indicate that these remains were collected by Mr.
Sterns as part of a Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology
expedition and were accessioned into the museum in 1912. These remains
came from the ``Site C1,'' northern Florence, Douglas County, NE. Site
C1 was an earth lodge of the Nebraska phase (A.D. 1000-1450) of the
Central Plains tradition. Archeological, linguistic, biological, and
oral tradition evidence indicate a shared group identity between
Nebraska-phase populations and the historic Arikara and Pawnee tribes.
The Pawnee and the Arikara tribes are represented, respectively, by the
present-day Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma, and the Three Affiliated Tribes
of the Fort Berthold Reservation, North Dakota.
    In 1913, Frederick H. Sterns of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology
and Ethnology donated human remains representing one individual to the
museum. No known individual was identified. No associated funerary
objects are present.
    Museum records indicate that these remains were collected by Mr.
Sterns as part of a Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology
expedition and were accessioned into the museum in 1913. These remains
came from a site designated ``A. McVey,'' 5 miles northeast of Union,
Cass County, NE. The ``A. McVey'' site was an earth lodge of the
Nebraska phase (A.D. 1000-1450) of the Central Plains tradition.
Archeological, linguistic, biological, and oral tradition evidence
indicate a shared group identity between Nebraska-phase populations and
the historic Arikara and Pawnee tribes. The Pawnee and the Arikara
tribes are represented, respectively, by the present-day Pawnee Nation
of Oklahoma, and the Three Affiliated Tribes of the Fort Berthold
Reservation, North Dakota.
    In 1915, Frederick H. Sterns of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology
and Ethnology donated human remains representing one individual to the
museum. No known individual was identified. No associated funerary
objects are present.
    Museum records indicate that these remains were collected by Mr.
Sterns in 1914 as part of a Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology
expedition and were accessioned into the museum in 1915. These remains
came from a site designated ``Schwenk A'' (25SY114), in Sarpy County,
NE. The ``Schwenk A'' site was an earth lodge of the Nebraska phase
(A.D. 1000-1450) of the Central Plains tradition. Archeological,
linguistic, biological, and oral tradition evidence indicate a shared
group identity between Nebraska-phase populations and the historic
Arikara and Pawnee tribes. The Pawnee and the Arikara tribes are
represented, respectively, by the present-day Pawnee Nation of
Oklahoma, and the Three Affiliated Tribes of the Fort Berthold
Reservation, North Dakota.
    In 1915, Frederick H. Sterns of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology
and Ethnology donated human remains representing three individuals to
the museum. No known individuals were identified. No associated
funerary objects are present.
    Museum records indicate that these remains were collected by Mr.
Sterns in 1915 as part of a Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology
expedition and were accessioned into the museum in 1915. These remains
came from a site designated ``Sorenson (B)'' in Douglas County, NE. The
``Sorenson (B)'' site was an earth lodge of the Nebraska phase (A.D.
1000-1450) of the Central Plains tradition. Archeological, linguistic,
biological, and oral tradition evidence indicate a shared group
identity between Nebraska-phase populations and the historic Arikara
and Pawnee tribes. The Pawnee and the Arikara tribes are represented,

[[Page 15750]]

respectively, by the present-day Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma, and the
Three Affiliated Tribes of the Fort Berthold Reservation, North Dakota.
    Based on the above-mentioned information, officials of the Peabody
Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology have determined that, pursuant to
43 CFR 10.2 (d)(1), the human remains listed above are reasonably
believed to be the physical remains of 52 individuals of Native
American ancestry. Officials of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and
Ethnology also have determined that, pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2 (e), there
is a relationship of shared group identity that can be reasonably
traced between these human remains and the Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma,
and the Three Affiliated Tribes of the Fort Berthold Reservation, North
Dakota.
    This notice has been sent to officials of the Pawnee Nation of
Oklahoma, and the Three Affiliated Tribes of the Fort Berthold
Reservation, North Dakota. Representatives of any other Indian tribe
that believes itself to be culturally affiliated with these human
remains should contact Barbara Isaac, Repatriation Coordinator, Peabody
Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, 11 Divinity Avenue, Cambridge, MA
02138, telephone (617) 495-2254, before April 19, 2001. Repatriation of
the human remains to the Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma, and the Three
Affiliated Tribes of the Fort Berthold Reservation, North Dakota may
begin after that date if no additional claimants come forward.

    Dated: March 2, 2001.
John Robbins,
Assistant Director, Cultural Resources Stewardship and Partnerships.
[FR Doc. 01-6849 Filed 3-19-01; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4310-70-F
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