[Federal Register: August 16, 2000 (Volume 65, Number 159)]
[Notices]
[Page 50002]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr16au00-88]

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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service

Notice of Inventory Completion for Native American Human Remains
from Oklahoma in the Possession of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology
and Ethnology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA

AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice.

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    Notice is hereby given in accordance with provisions of the Native
American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 43 CFR 10.9,
of the completion of an inventory of human remains from Oklahoma in the
possession of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard
University, Cambridge, MA.
    This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 43 CFR 10.2 (c). The
determinations within this notice are the sole responsibility of the
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of these Native
American human remains and associated funerary objects. The National
Park Service is not responsible for the determinations within this
notice.
    A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by Peabody
Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology professional staff in consultation
with representatives of the Caddo Indian Tribe of Oklahoma.
    In 1963, human remains representing one individual were donated to
the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology by the Robert S.
Peabody Foundation, Robert S. Peabody Museum, Phillips Academy,
Andover, MA. No known individual was identified. The one associated
funerary object is a Hudson Engraved pottery vessel. This associated
funerary object is in the collections of the Robert S. Peabody Museum,
Phillips Academy, Andover, MA and will be reported in a separate
notice.
    Museum records indicate that these human remains were excavated by
J.H. Rogers of the Texas, Oklahoma and Eastern Railroad Company and
collected by E.S. Byington in 1913. While no exact record of the
excavation has been located, Byington wrote in 1912 that he witnessed
burial mounds being destroyed during the construction of the railroad
crossing at Glover River, one-half mile from the Little River in
McCurtain County, OK.
    Based on the Hudson Engraved ceramic vessel, this individual has
been identified as Native American, dating to the McCurtain phase (or
focus), A.D. 1450-1600. Hudson Engraved ceramics are related to the
McCurtain phase, and historic evidence indicates that Hudson Engraved
ceramics were produced by Caddoan peoples circa A.D. 1500-1730.
Although the exact site from which these human remains were recovered
is not known, other sites in the area have produced Hudson Engraved or
closely related vessels, some of which have been found in association
with European trade items. Based on the combined archeological and
historical evidence, it is likely these human remains represent a Caddo
individual.
    Based on the above-mentioned information, officials of the Peabody
Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology have determined that, pursuant to
43 CFR 10.2 (d)(1), the human remains listed above represent the
physical remains of one individual of Native American ancestry.
Officials of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology also have
determined that, pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2 (e), there is a relationship
of shared group identity that can be reasonably traced between these
Native American human remains and the Caddo Indian Tribe of Oklahoma.
This notice has been sent to officials of the Caddo Indian Tribe of
Oklahoma. Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes
itself to be culturally affiliated with these human remains should
contact Barbara Isaac, Repatriation Coordinator, Peabody Museum of
Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, 11 Divinity Avenue,
Cambridge, MA 02138, telephone (617) 495-2254, before September 15,
2000. Repatriation of the human remains to the Caddo Indian Tribe of
Oklahoma may begin after that date if no additional claimants come
forward.

    Dated: July 27, 2000.
John Robbins,
Assistant Director, Cultural Resources Stewardship and Partnerships
Programs.
[FR Doc. 00-20823 Filed 8-15-00; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4310-70-F

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