[Federal Register: August 15, 2000 (Volume 65, Number 158)]
[Notices]
[Page 49835]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr15au00-74]

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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service

Notice of Inventory Completion for Native American Human Remains
and Associated Funerary Objects in the Possession of the University
Museum, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR

AGENCY: National Park Service.

ACTION: Notice.

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    Notice is hereby given in accordance with provisions of the Native
American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 43 CFR 10.9,
of the completion of an inventory of human remains and associated
funerary objects in the possession of the University Museum, University
of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR.
    This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 43 CFR 10.2 (c). The
determinations within this notice are the sole responsibility of the
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of these Native
American human remains and associated funerary objects. The National
Park Service is not responsible for the determinations within this
notice.
    A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by University
Museum professional staff in consultation with representatives of the
Quapaw Tribe of Indians, Oklahoma; and the Tunica-Biloxi Indian Tribe
of Louisiana.
    In 1932, human remains representing a minimum of 26 individuals
were recovered from the Bradley site (3CT7), Crittenden County, AR
during excavations conducted by the University Museum. No known
individuals were identified. The 37 associated funerary objects include
ceramic vessels, bone dice, a stone discoidal, a shell pendant, a
fossilized tooth pendant, a sheet copper object, and animal bones.
    Based on the associated funerary objects, and skeletal and dental
morphology, these individuals have been identified as Native American.
Based on ceramic styles and construction, these human remains and
associated funerary objects have been identified as belonging to the
Nodena phase of the Late Mississippian and proto-historic periods (A.D.
1350-1650).
    Based on historical documents and archeological evidence (early
European trade beads at the site), the Bradley site has been identified
as Pacaha, the principal town of the Pacaha chiefdom during the DeSoto
entrada in Arkansas (A.D. 1541-43). Linguistic evidence indicates a
possible link between the ``Capaha'' in a Spanish account, and a late
17th century Quapaw Indian village name ``Kappa'' or ``Kappah.'' French
maps and documents during A.D. 1673-1720 indicate that only the Quapaw
had villages in this area of eastern Arkansas above the mouth of the
Arkansas River, and the area of northeastern Arkansas was used as a
hunting territory.
    Based on the above-mentioned information, officials of the
University Museum, University of Arkansas have determined that,
pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2 (d)(1), the human remains listed above
represent the physical remains of a minimum of 26 individuals of Native
American ancestry. Officials of the University Museum, University of
Arkansas also have determined that, pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2 (d)(2), the
37 objects listed above are reasonably believed to have been placed
with or near individual human remains at the time of death or later as
part of the death rite or ceremony. Lastly, officials of the University
Museum, University of Arkansas have determined that, pursuant to 43 CFR
10.2 (e), there is a relationship of shared group identity that can be
reasonably traced between these Native American human remains and
associated funerary objects and the Quapaw Tribe of Indians, Oklahoma.
This notice has been sent to officials of the Quapaw Tribe of Indians,
Oklahoma; and the Tunica-Biloxi Indian Tribe of Louisiana.
Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to be
culturally affiliated with these human remains and associated funerary
objects should contact Michael P. Hoffman, Curator of Anthropology,
University Museum, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72702,
telephone (501) 575-3855, e-mail mhoffma@comp.uark.edu, before
September 14, 2000. Repatriation of the human remains and associated
funerary objects to the Quapaw Tribe of Indians, Oklahoma may begin
after that date if no additional claimants come forward.

    Dated: August 3, 2000.
John Robbins,
Assistant Director, Cultural Resources Stewardship and Partnerships.
[FR Doc. 00-20698 Filed 8-14-00; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4310-70-F

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