[Federal Register: August 1, 2000 (Volume 65, Number 148)]
[Notices]
[Page 46945-46947]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr01au00-70]

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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service

Notice of Inventory Completion for Native American Human Remains
and Associated Funerary Objects in the Possession of Salinas Pueblo
Missions National Monument, National Park Service, Mountainair, NM

AGENCY: National Park Service.

ACTION: Notice.

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    Notice is hereby given in accordance with provisions of the Native
American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 43 CFR 10.9,
of the completion of an inventory of human remains and associated
funerary objects in the possession of the Salinas Pueblo Missions
National Monument, National Park Service, Mountainair, NM. This notice
is published as part of the National Park Service's administrative
responsibilities under NAGPRA, 43 CFR 10.2 (c). The determinations
within this notice are the sole responsibility of the National Park
unit that has control or possession of these Native American human
remains and associated funerary objects. The Assistant Director,
Cultural Resources Stewardship and Partnerships, is not responsible for
the determinations within this notice.
    A detailed assessment and inventory of the human remains and
associated funerary objects was made by National Park Service
professional staff in consultation with representatives of the Pueblo
of Acoma, New Mexico; Hopi Tribe of Arizona; Pueblo of Isleta, New
Mexico; Pueblo of Jemez, New Mexico; Pueblo of Santo Domingo, New
Mexico; Pueblo of Taos, New Mexico; Ysleta del Sur Pueblo of Texas; and
the Zuni Tribe of the Zuni Reservation, New Mexico. Representatives of
the Piro-Manso-Tiwa, a non-Federally recognized Indian group, were also
present at one of the consultation meetings.
    In 1923, human remains representing 43 individuals were recovered
during legally authorized excavations conducted by Dr. Edgar L. Hewett,
School of American Research, at the Pueblo de las Humanas complex, a
site located within Monument boundaries. No known individuals were
identified. No associated funerary objects are present.
    On the basis of architectural, osteological, archeological, and
historical evidence, this site, which is associated with Mound 7 of the
Pueblo de las Humanas complex, and these human remains are dated to
Pueblo IV and Pueblo V (A.D. 1300-1672).
    In 1956, human remains representing 99 individuals were recovered
from 58 burials during a legally authorized National Park Service
stabilization project conducted at the San Isidro Mission Church's
Campo Santo Catholic Cemetery. This site is located at the Pueblo de
las Humanas complex, a site located within Monument boundaries. No
known individuals were identified. No associated funerary objects are
present.
    An osteological analysis of the 99 individuals recovered from this
site (Campo Santo) identified 95 of them as Jumano. Based upon
architectural, archaeological, biological (cranial morphology),
historical, and Church documentation evidence, San Isidro's cemetery
(Campo Santo) was determined to have been in use from 1629-1672;
therefore, this site and these human remains are dated to the Pueblo IV
and Pueblo V (A.D. 1300-1672) periods.
    In 1962, human remains representing 31 individuals were recovered
during legally authorized National Park Service excavations conducted
at San Buenaventura church, which is also situated within the Pueblo de
Las Humanas complex, a site located within Monument boundaries. No
known individuals were identified. No associated funerary objects are
present.
    Based upon osteological, archeological, and historical evidence,
the 31 individuals recovered from San Buenaventura were identified as
Jumano. On the basis of historical evidence and Church documents, San
Buenaventura is known to have been the second and largest of the
Spanish mission churches constructed at Pueblo de las Humanas, Gran
Quivira. The convento complex was in use, although the mission church
is believed to have never fully been completed. Based on osteological,
historical, and Church documentation evidence, this site (San
Buenaventura) and these human remains are dated to the Pueblo IV (A.D.
1300-1600) and Pueblo V (A.D. 1600-1672) periods.
    In 1951, human remains representing five individuals were recovered
during legally authorized National Park Service excavations at the
Pueblo de Las Humanas complex's House A, a site located within Monument
boundaries. No known individuals were identified. No associated
funerary objects are present.
    Based on architectural, archeological, historical, and Church
documentation evidence, this site, (House A) and these human remains
are dated to the Pueblo IV (A.D. 1300-1600) and Pueblo V (A.D. 1600-
1672) periods.
    Between 1965-67 and in 1973, human remains representing 716
individuals

[[Page 46946]]

were recovered during legally authorized National Park Service
excavations at Mound 7 of the Pueblo de Las Humanas complex, a site
located within Monument boundaries. No known individuals were
identified. The 587 associated funerary objects include 146 beads, 1
scraper, 8 awls, 2 tinklers, 3 bifaces, 17 pendants, 2 ornaments, 3
jars, 26 tessera, 5 bowls, 1 pitcher, 1 pipe, 5 pieces of shell, 4 bone
artifacts, 1 flute, 1 feather-wrapped blanket, 2 rubbing stones, 2 hair
samples, 12 projectile points, 1 ground stone artifact, 2 effigies, 2
crystals, 6 pieces of pigment, 3 gizzard stones, 2 textiles, 1 drill, 1
eggshell, 2 pieces of cordage, 1 knife, 1 piece of basketry, 1 fiber
knot, 1 flake tool, 1 bean, 23 bags of faunal specimens, 121 bags of
corn cobs and corn kernels, 173 ceramic sherds, 2 pieces of metal, and
1 metal bar.
    Based on osteological, architectural, and archeological evidence,
as well as the associated funerary objects, Mound 7 has been identified
as a Jumano culture puebloan structure. Therefore, this site (Mound 7),
these human remains, and the associated funerary objects are dated to
the Pueblo IV (A.D. 1300-1600) and Pueblo V (A.D. 1600-1672) periods.
    Between 1984-1986, human remains representing 35 individuals were
recovered during legally authorized excavations conducted by the
University of Iowa at a midden site south of the Pueblo de Las Humanas
complex's Mound 17, a site located within Monument boundaries. No known
individuals were identified. No associated funerary objects are
present.
    On the basis of osteology, non-funerary cultural items (ceramics,
projectile points, etc.), archeological evidence, historical
information, and the association with the Pueblo de Las Humanas
complex, this site (midden site) and these human remains are dated to
the Pueblo IV (A.D. 1300-1600) and Pueblo V (A.D. 1600-1672) periods.
    In 1960, human remains representing one individual were recovered
during legally authorized National Park Service excavation conducted in
the Monument's residential compound, a site located within Monument
boundaries. No known individual was identified. No associated funerary
objects are present.
    Based on osteological information, archeological evidence, and the
proximity of the recovery location to previously dated structures, this
site (residential compound) and these human remains have been
determined to be likely related to the Jumano culture and are dated to
Pueblo I-III (A.D. 900-1300).
    In 1964, human remains representing one individual were recovered
during a legally authorized National Park Service excavation, at GRQU
#2, a site located within Monument boundaries. No known individual was
identified. No associated funerary objects are present.
    Based on archeological evidence and architecture, this site (GRQU
#2), a pithouse, has been determined to be related to the Jumano
culture. Further, this site (GRQU #2) and these human remains have been
dated to Pueblo I-III (AD 900-1300).
    In 1984, human remains representing one individual were recovered
during a legally authorized drainage control project conducted at the
mission of San Gregorio, a site within Monument boundaries. No known
individual was identified. No associated funerary objects are present.
    On the basis of archeological context and architectural evidence,
this site (San Gregorio) and these human remains are dated to Pueblo
IV-V (A.D. 1300-1673).
    At an unknown date, human remains representing three individuals
were recovered from the general area of Pueblo de las Humanas, a site
located within Monument boundaries. No known individuals were
identified. No associated funerary objects are present.
    Based upon archeological evidence, historical information, and
their association with the Pueblo de Las Humanas complex, these human
remains have been determined to be related to the Jumano culture and
are dated to the Pueblo IV (A.D. 1300-1600) and Pueblo V (A.D. 1600-
1672) periods.
    At an unknown date, human remains representing one individual were
recovered from the general area of Abo Pueblo, a site located within
Monument boundaries. No known individuals were identified. No
associated funerary objects are present.
    On the basis of archaeological evidence, historical information and
their association with Abo Pueblo, these human remains have been
determined to be related to the Tompiro culture and are dated to Pueblo
IV-V (A.D. 1300-1673).
    According to anthropological information, the Jumano culture is
considered to be a blend of both Anasazi and Mogollon cultures, which
eventually shifted through time from Mogollon to Rio Grande Anasazi
characteristics. Relying upon archeological, historical, architectural,
geographical, oral tradition, ethnographic, biological, historical, and
expert opinion evidence, it has been determined that the above-
described human remains and associated funerary objects are culturally
affiliated with the Pueblo of Acoma, Hopi Tribe, Pueblo of Isleta,
Pueblo of Jemez, Pueblo of Sandia, Pueblo of Santo Domingo, Pueblo of
Taos, Ysleta del Sur Pueblo, and the Zuni Tribe of the Zuni
Reservation, and the non-Federally recognized Piro-Manso-Tiwa Indian
group.
    Based on the above-mentioned information, the Salinas Pueblo
Missions National Monument Superintendent determined that, pursuant to
43 CFR 10.2 (d)(1), the human remains listed above represent the
physical remains of approximately 932 individuals of Native American
ancestry. The Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument Superintendent
also determined that, pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2 (d)(2), the 587 objects
listed above are reasonably believed to have been placed with or near
individual human remains at the time of death or later as part of the
death rite or ceremony. Lastly, the Salinas Pueblo Missions National
Monument Superintendent determined that, pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2 (e),
there is a relationship of shared group identity that can be reasonably
traced between these Native American human remains and associated
funerary objects and the Pueblo of Acoma, New Mexico; Hopi Tribe of
Arizona; Pueblo of Isleta, New Mexico; Pueblo of Jemez, New Mexico;
Pueblo of Sandia, New Mexico; Pueblo of Santo Domingo, New Mexico;
Pueblo of Taos, New Mexico; Ysleta del Sur Pueblo of Texas; and the
Zuni Tribe of the Zuni Reservation, New Mexico. In addition, the
National Park Service also has determined that a cultural affiliation
exists between these human remains and associated funerary objects and
the Piro-Manso-Tiwa, a non-Federally recognized Indian group.
    This notice has been sent to officials of the Pueblo of Acoma, New
Mexico; the Caddo Indian Tribe of Oklahoma; Hopi Tribe of Arizona;
Pueblo of Isleta, New Mexico; Pueblo of Jemez, New Mexico; Kiowa Indian
Tribe of Oklahoma; Mescalero Apache Tribe of the Mescalero Reservation,
New Mexico; Pueblo of Sandia, New Mexico; Pueblo of Santo Domingo, New
Mexico; Pueblo of Taos, New Mexico; White Mountain Apache Tribe of the
Fort Apache Reservation, Arizona; Wichita and Affiliated Tribes
(Wichita, Keechi, Waco & Tawakonie), Oklahoma; Ysleta del Sur Pueblo
of
Texas; Zuni Tribe of the Zuni Reservation, New Mexico; and Piro-Manso-
Tiwa, a non-Federally recognized Indian group. Representatives of any
other Indian tribe that believes itself to be culturally affiliated
with these human remains and

[[Page 46947]]

associated funerary objects should contact Glenn M. Fulfer,
Superintendent, Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument, P.O. Box
517, Mountainair, NM 87036, telephone (505) 847-2585 Extension 25,
before August 31, 2000. Repatriation of the human remains will begin
after that date if no additional claimants come forward.

    Dated: July 21, 2000.
John Robbins,
Assistant Director, Cultural Resources Stewardship and Partnerships.
[FR Doc. 00-19291 Filed 7-31; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4310-70-F

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