[Federal Register: August 29, 1997 (Volume 62, Number 168)]
[Notices]
[Page 45873-45874]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr29au97-115]

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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service

Notice of Inventory Completion for Native American Human Remains,
Associated Funerary Objects, and Unassociated Funerary Objects from the
Vicinity of Cronise Basin, San Bernardino County, CA in the Possession
of the California State Office, Bureau of Land Management, Sacramento,
CA

AGENCY: National Park Service

ACTION: Notice

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    Notice is hereby given in accordance with provisions of the Native
American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C.
3003 (d), of the completion of an inventory of human remains,
associated funerary objects, and unassociated funerary objects from the
vicinity of Cronise Basin, San Bernardino County, CA in the possession
of the California State Office, Bureau of Land Management, Sacramento,
CA.
    A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by Bureau of
Land Management and San Diego Museum of Man professional staff in
consultation with representatives of the San Manuel Band of Mission
Indians.
    In 1928, human remains representing three individuals were
recovered from site M-2 along the shoreline of Cronise Basin, San
Bernardino County, CA during legally authorized excavations by Malcolm
Rogers, San Diego Museum of Man. No known individuals were identified.
The 99 associated funerary objects include projectile points, a stone
knife, shell beads, a bone awl fragment, a bird bone whistle fragment,
shell pendants, pottery sherds, burnt faunal material, and burnt
cordage.
    In 1931, human remains representing five individuals were recovered
from site M-4 along the shoreline of Cronise Basin, San Bernardino
County, CA during legally authorized excavations by Malcolm Rogers, San
Diego Museum of Man. No known individuals were identified. The 145
associated funerary objects include flaked stone knives, projectile
points, vesicular basalt abrader and smoothers, bone awls, bone
pressure flaker, ceramic vessels and sherds, shell beads, shell
ornaments, burnt faunal remains, cordage and net,

[[Page 45874]]

stone arrow shaft straightener, obsidian nodules, quartz nodule, and
ochre.
    In 1932, human remains representing two individuals were recovered
from site M-5 along the shoreline of Cronise Basin, San Bernardino
County, CA during legally authorized excavations by Malcolm Rogers, San
Diego Museum of Man. No known individuals were identified. The six
associated funerary objects include shell beads, a clam shell fragment,
and burnt faunal material.
    In 1932, human remains representing one individual were recovered
from site M-10 along the shoreline of Cronise Basin, San Bernardino
County, CA during legally authorized excavations by Malcolm Rogers, San
Diego Museum of Man. No known individuals were identified. The five
associated funerary objects include shell beads, a biconically drilled
stone tube, ochre, and a projectile point.
    The eighteen cultural items include ceramic vessels, sherds, a bone
tube, shell beads, projectile points, an olivella bead, limpet shell
bead, and a chipped stone knife. Between 1928 and 1932, these cultural
items were recovered from disturbed cremations at Cronise Basin sites
M-1, M-10, M-13, and M-14 during legally authorized excavations by
Malcomb Rogers of the San Diego Museum of Man. The human remains with
these items were not collected.
    Based on the common occurrence of brown and buff ware ceramics,
type of projectile points, and presence of shell beads from the
southern coastal California area, these human remains may be dated to
the Shoshonean Period of this area, c. 1550-1650 A.D. Archeological
evidence indicates a clear continuity between the cultures present in
this area during this period and the Serrano and Vanyume peoples
present in the area at the time of European contact as noted in Spanish
exploration documents. Oral tradition evidence presented by
representatives of the San Manuel Band of Mission Indians indicates
this area is recognized as the ancestral homeland.
    Based on the above mentioned information, officials of the Bureau
of Land Management have determined that, pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2
(d)(1), the human remains listed above represent the physical remains
of twelve individuals of Native American ancestry. Officials of the
Bureau of Land Management have also determined that, pursuant to 25
U.S.C. 3001 (3)(A), the 255 objects listed above are reasonably
believed to have been placed with or near individual human remains at
the time of death or later as part of the death rite or ceremony.
Officials of the Bureau of Land Management have determined that,
pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (3)(B), these eighteen cultural items are
reasonably believed to have been placed with or near individual human
remains at the time of death or later as part of the death rite or
ceremony and are believed, by a preponderance of the evidence, to have
been removed from a specific burial site of an Native American
individual. Lastly, officials of the Bureau of Land Management have
determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (2), there is a
relationship of shared group identity which can be reasonably traced
between these Native American human remains, associated funerary
objects, and unassociated funerary objects and the San Manuel Band of
Mission Indians.
    This notice has been sent to officials of the San Manuel Band of
Mission Indians. Representatives of any other Indian tribe that
believes itself to be culturally affiliated with these human remains,
associated funerary objects, and unassociated funerary objects should
contact Russell Kaldenberg, Cultural Program Lead, Division of
Ecosystems Sciences and Lands, California State Office, Bureau of Land
Management, 2135 Butano Drive, Sacramento, CA 95825; telephone: (916)
979-2840, before September 29, 1997. Repatriation of the human remains,
associated funerary objects, and unassociated funerary objects to the
San Manuel Band of Mission Indians may begin after that date if no
additional claimants come forward.
Dated: August 25, 1997.
Francis P. McManamon,
Departmental Consulting Archeologist,
Manager, Archeology and Ethnography Program.
[FR Doc. 97-23108 Filed 8-28-97; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4310-70-F

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