Notice  of Completion  of  Inventory  of Native  American
          Human Remains and Funerary  Objects from Hawaii Under the
          Control  of the  U.S. Marine  Corps Air  Station, Kaneohe

          AGENCY:   National Park Service, Interior.

          ACTION:   Notice.

          Notice is  hereby given in accordance  with provisions of
          the  Native American  Graves Protection  and Repatriation
          Act,  25  U.S.C.  3003(d),   of  the  completion  of  the
          inventory of  human  remains and  funerary  objects  from
          Hawaii  in  the control  of  the  U.S.  Marine Corps  Air
          station, Kaneohe Bay, HI.

          A  detailed  inventory  and  assessment  of  these  human
          remains  has been made by the staff of the Bernice Pauahi
          Bishop Museum, Honolulu, HI,  and representatives of  Hui
          Malama  I  Na Kupuna  'O Hawai'i  Nei  and the  Office of
          Hawaiian Affairs.   The latter two  organizations qualify
          as Native Hawaiian organizations  as defined in 25 U.S.C.

          The  human  remains  and  funerary  objects  represent  a
          minimum of 1582 individuals  and 271 funerary objects and
          were recovered from the Mokapu Peninsula, Island of Oahu.
          The  majority  of  the   remains  were  recovered  during
          archaeological  excavations  conducted  in  1938-1940  by
          Gordon T.  Bowles (University  of Hawaii) and  Kenneth P.
          Emory (Bishop  Museum), and in  1957 by  Robert N.  Bowen
          (University  of Hawaii).   The  remainder of  the remains
          were   recovered   from   inadvertent   discoveries   and
          archaeological monitoring of  construction activities  in
          the peninsula.

          A minimum  of 1,544 individuals were  recovered from pre-
          contact  (prior  to 1778)  graves.    A number  of  these
          individuals   were  represented  by  incomplete  sets  of
          skeletal remains, and several of the isolated individuals
          represented  secondarily  deposited  incomplete  sets  of
          remains removed  from their  original context.   The pre-
          contact funerary objects  included kupe'e (wristlets made
          of  dog canines),  basalt  flakes,  marine shells,  kukui
          (Alerites moluccana) nuts, and  the bones of fish, birds,
          pigs, dogs, and turtles.

          A  minimum of  38 individuals  were recovered  from post-
          Contact (after 1778) graves during a construction project
          in  1975.   The  post-Contact  funerary objects  included
          kupe'e, and lei  'opu'u and  lei niho  (pendants made  of
          calcite,  shell, and  whale  bone), as  well as  bone and
          shell  buttons,  metal  fragments,  mirror  glass, bottle
          fragments,  a metal  ring, ivory  beads, bone  and glass,
          metal nails, and metal parts of a smoking pipe. 

          Based on  the above  mentioned information,  officials of
          the U.S.  Marine Corps have determined  that, pursuant to
          25 U.S.C.  3001 (2),  there is  a relationship  of shared
          group  identity which  can be  reasonably  traced between
          these   remains   and    present-day   Native    Hawaiian

          This notice has been sent to officials of Hui Malama I Na
          Kupuna 'O Hawai'i Nei and the Office of Hawaiian Affairs.
          Representatives of any other Native Hawaiian organization
          which believes  itself to  be culturally affiliated  with
          these  human remains and  funerary objects should contact
          Mr.  John  Bigay,  Planner-in-Charge,  Pacific  Division,
          Naval engineering  Facilities Command, Pearl  Harbor, HI,
          96860-7300, (808) 471-9338, before April 1, 1994.

          Dated: February 23, 1994

          C. Timothy McKeown,
          Acting Departmental Consulting Archeologist,
          Chief, Archeological Assistance Division
          [FR/Vol. 59, No. 39/Monday, February 28, 1994/Page 9495]

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