[Federal Register Volume 77, Number 63 (Monday, April 2, 2012)]
[Notices]
[Pages 19694-19696]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office 
[www.gpo.gov ]
[FR Doc No: 2012-7873]


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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service

[2253-665]


Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Items: U.S. Department of Defense, 
Army Corps of Engineers, Walla Walla District, Walla Walla, WA, and the 
Alfred W. Bowers Laboratory of Anthropology, University of Idaho, Moscow, ID

AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice.

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SUMMARY: The United States Department of Defense, Army Corps of Engineers, 
Walla Walla District, in consultation with the appropriate Indian tribe, has 
determined that the cultural items meet the definition of unassociated 
funerary objects and repatriation to the Indian tribe stated below may occur 
if no additional claimants come forward. Representatives of any Indian tribe 
that believes itself to be culturally affiliated with the cultural items may 
contact the U.S. Department of Defense, Army Corps of Engineers, Walla Walla 
District.

DATES: Representatives of any Indian tribe that believes it has a cultural 
affiliation with the cultural items should contact the U.S. Department of 
Defense, Army Corps of Engineers, Walla Walla District at the address below 
by May 2, 2012.

ADDRESSES: LTC David Caldwell, U.S. Department of Defense, Army Corps of 
Engineers, Walla Walla District, 201 North Third Ave., Walla Walla, WA 99362, 
telephone (509) 527-7700.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Notice is here given in accordance with the Native 
American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3005, of 
the intent to repatriate cultural items under the control of the U.S. 
Department of Defense, Army Corps of Engineers, Walla Walla District (Corps), 
Walla Walla, WA, and in the physical custody of the Alfred W. Bowers 
Laboratory of Anthropology, University

[[Page 19695]]

of Idaho (UI), Moscow, ID, that meet the definition of unassociated funerary 
objects under 25 U.S.C. 3001.
    This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's 
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003(d)(3). The 
determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the museum, 
institution or Federal agency that has control of the cultural items. The 
National Park Service is not responsible for the determinations in this 
notice.

History and Description of the Cultural Items

    In 1964, a Washington State University (WSU) team excavated sites 10NP1 
(near Captain John Creek) and 10NP27 (near Buffalo Draw) on the east side of 
the Snake River, in Nez Perce County, ID. Sites 10NP1 and 10NP27 are located 
on lands that were to be inundated for the Asotin Dam Reservoir, which was 
never constructed. While the sites are not on Corps property, the Corps has 
taken responsibility for the objects collected at the sites. Unassociated 
funerary objects from the sites were removed and transported to WSU, and were 
transferred to UI in 2000. Human remains with associated funerary objects 
from these two sites are included in a corresponding Notice of Inventory 
Completion. From site 10NP1, the 11 unassociated funerary objects include 1 
lot of fragmented mammal bones; 1 charcoal sample; 1 piece of mussel shell; 1 
piece of debitage; 5 snail shells; 1 soil sample; and 1 lot of rocks. From 
site 10NP27, the 44 unassociated funerary objects include 2 pieces of burned 
mammal bone; 1 burned rodent jaw; 28 pieces of debitage; 8 pipe bowl 
fragments; 1 projectile point; 1 projectile point base; 2 modified flakes; 
and 1 charcoal sample.
    According to the 1969 survey report, the burials at site 10NP1 were 
typical of the late prehistoric period. The burials contained the partial 
skeletal remains of an adult male and an adult female, both arranged in 
flexed positions. Each individual was wrapped in tule matting, lay on an 
east-west axis and faced west toward the Snake River. According to the 
report, a subsurface cairn containing a hopper mortar had been constructed 
directly above the burial. The site is in the zone of exploitation of the Nez 
Perce village of ?ilaqatp[aacute]?tpo.
    In 1973, a UI team led by Roderick Sprague excavated sites 10NP109 (Upper 
Tammany), 10NP110 (Lower Tammany), and 10NP131 (Tammany Talus) near the 
confluence of Tammany Creek with the Snake River in Nez Perce County, ID. 
Sites 10NP109, 10NP110 and 10NP131 are located within the Lower Granite Lock 
and Dam Project on the Snake River. The Lower Granite Lock and Dam Project is 
managed by the Corps, who initiated a land acquisition processes for the 
Project in 1965. Human remains from these sites were reburied in 1978 at the 
Hill Top Cemetery in Spalding, ID, as part of the Nez Perce Grave Removal 
Project (NPGRP). The objects from these burials meet the definition of 
unassociated funerary objects.
    Site 10NP109 contained 17 heavily potted burials. Unassociated funerary 
objects were recovered from Burials 4, 5, 7, 8, 10, 12, 14 and 16. The 61 
unassociated funerary objects include 2 charcoal samples, 18 charcoal/organic 
samples, 1 chert projectile point, 6 copper fragments, 1 piece of chert 
debitage, 3 dentalium shell beads, 4 dentalium bead fragments, 18 dentalium 
shell fragments, 1 mussel shell pendant, 1 
mussel shell, 5 mussel shell fragments and 1 water-snail shell. Objects from 
site10NP109 may date to the late prehistoric or protohistoric period due to 
the abundance of dentalia shells and the presence of iron and copper objects 
combined with a lack of glass trade beads. Human remains recovered from this 
site were examined by a physical anthropologist and one individual exhibited 
signs of fronto-occipital deformation, a common trait found in Native 
American remains.
    Site 10NP110 contained 45 badly disturbed burials. Unassociated funerary 
objects were recovered from Burials 2-4, 11, 14, 16-19, 21-23, 25-45, and 
other unknown burial numbers. The 658 unassociated funerary artifacts include 
1 hollowed bone fragment; 7 mammal bones (size not specified); 11 small 
mammal bones; 9 medium mammal bones; 20 large mammal bones; 1 elk antler; 11 
charcoal samples; 1 copper pendant; 6 pieces of debitage; 535 dentalium 
shell; 4 dentalium shell fragments; 17 mussel shells; 1 lot of mussel shell; 
1 piece of melted glass; 1 piece of granite; 11 ochre samples; 5 pestles; 2 
pipe stem/bowls; 2 projectile points; 1 seed pod; 8 shell pendants; 1 piece 
of unidentified metal; 1 wood sample; and 1 lot of wood. Objects from site 
10NP110 may date to the late prehistoric or protohistoric age due to the 
position of the burials, the abundance of dentalia shells and the 
characteristic application of red ochre to the human remains prior to burial. 
Human remains recovered from this site were examined by a physical 
anthropologist. Ten individuals exhibited signs of fronto-
occipital deformation and two individuals exhibited signs of fronto-
lambdoidal deformation, a common trait found in Native American remains.
    Site 10NP131 contained 10 disturbed burials. Unassociated funerary 
objects were recovered from Burials 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 9, and other 
unidentified burials. The 52 unassociated funerary objects include 1 biface; 
1 hollowed out bone artifact; 1 bone fragment; 1 piece of mammal bone; 1 
triangular brass plate; 1 charcoal sample; 1 piece of charcoal; 3 pieces of 
debitage; 8 pieces of modified debitage; 2 dentalium beads; 2 mussel shells; 
1 shell bead; 1 drill; 1 piece of matting; 15 metal fragments; 1 piece of red 
ochre; 1 stone pendant; 3 pieces of saw-cut lumber; 1 wood sample; 2 
miscellaneous lithics; 2 charcoal pieces with 1 dentalium fragment; and 2 
pestle fragments. Objects from site 10NP131 may date to the late prehistoric 
or protohistoric period, most likely prior to A.D. 1750, based on the 
position of the remains and the presence of dentalia shells, iron and copper 
objects, and a lack of glass trade beads. Westerly-orientated cairn burials 
are typical of the Lower Snake River region in the late prehistoric period.
    Sites 10NP109, 10NP110 and 10NP131 are located near the historically 
important Nez Perce site Hasotino, meaning ``the great eel fishery,'' which 
was reported by H.J. Spinden in 1908. This site is located within the 
judicially established land area of the Nez Perce Tribe, Idaho.
    Five lines of evidence--geographical, biological, archeological, 
anthropological and historical--support a cultural affiliation between the 
Nez Perce Tribe, Idaho, and the unassociated funerary objects identified in 
all of the sites above.

Determinations Made by the U.S. Department of Defense, Army Corps of 
Engineers, Walla Walla District

    Officials of the U.S. Department of Defense, Army Corps of Engineers, 
Walla Walla District, have determined that:
     Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(3)(B), the 826 cultural items described above 
are reasonably believed to have been placed with or near individual human 
remains at the time of death or later as part of the death rite or ceremony 
and are believed, by a preponderance of the evidence, to have been removed 
from specific burial sites of Native American individuals.
     Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(2), there is a relationship or shared group 
identity that can be reasonably traced between the unassociated funerary 
objects and the Nez Perce Tribe, Idaho.

[[Page 19696]]

Additional Requestors and Disposition

    Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to be 
culturally affiliated with the unassociated funerary objects should contact 
LTC David Caldwell, U.S. Department of Defense, Army Corps of Engineers, 
Walla Walla District, 201 North Third Ave., Walla Walla, WA 99362, telephone 
(509) 527-7700, before May 2, 2012. Repatriation of the unassociated funerary 
objects to the Nez Perce Tribe, Idaho, may proceed after that date if no 
additional claimants come forward.
    The U.S. Department of Defense, Army Corps of Engineers, Walla Walla 
District, is responsible for notifying the Nez Perce Tribe, Idaho, that this 
notice has been published.

    Dated: March 28, 2012.
Sherry Hutt,
Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. 2012-7873 Filed 3-30-12; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4312-50-P





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