[Federal Register Volume 76, Number 152 (Monday, August 8, 2011)]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2011-19994]
DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
National Park Service
Notice of Intent To Repatriate a Cultural Item: California
Department of Parks and Recreation, Sacramento, CA
AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.
SUMMARY: The California Department of Parks and Recreation, in
consultation with the appropriate Indian tribes, has determined that an
item meets the definition of unassociated funerary object and
repatriation to the Indian tribes stated below may occur if no
additional claimants come forward. Representatives of any Indian tribe
that believes itself to be culturally affiliated with the unassociated
funerary object may contact the California Department of Parks and
DATES: Representatives of any Indian tribe that believes it has a
cultural affiliation with the unassociated funerary object should
contact the California Department of Parks and Recreation at the
address below by September 7, 2011.
ADDRESSES: Rebecca Carruthers, NAGPRA Coordinator, California
Department of Parks and Recreation, 1416 9th St., Room 902, Sacramento,
CA 95814, telephone (916) 215-5018.
SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Notice is here given in accordance with the
Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25
U.S.C. 3005, of the intent to repatriate a cultural item in the
possession of the California Department of Parks and Recreation,
Sacramento, CA, that meets the definition of unassociated funerary
object under 25 U.S.C. 3001.
This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003(d)(3). The
determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the Native
American cultural item. The National Park Service is not responsible
for the determinations in this notice.
History and Description of the Cultural Item
At an unknown date, a cremation, representing one individual, and
one stone bead were likely removed from Site CA-SAC-16, also known as
the Bennett Mound, Sacramento County, CA. Subsequently, they became
part of the collection at the California Department of Parks and
Recreation. There is no specific excavation or donor information
listed. However, a 1986 inventory of the CA-SAC-16 objects has a tag
that reads: ``Remains of cremation burial from Bennett Mound,
Sacramento Valley.'' Based on this record, it is reasonably believed
that the cremation and object were removed from Site CA-SAC-16.
Currently, the cremated individual is missing from the collection.
Therefore, the stone bead now meets the definition of an unassociated
Site CA-SAC-16 has been excavated numerous times. The first
documented excavation was by Anthony Zallio in 1923. In 1926 to 1927,
Benjamin W. Hathaway excavated the site. Sacramento Junior College
excavated from July to November 1933, and again in 1936 to 1937. Later
excavations were conducted by Sacramento State College in 1953. Between
1966 and 1971, the American River College excavated under the direction
of Charles Gebhardt.
Site CA-SAC-16 was occupied from the Middle Horizon (circa 1000
B.C.) to historic contact. Archeologists believe that the Penutian-
speaking Maidu and Miwok are descended from what have been identified
as the Windmiller people who occupied the Central Valley of California
from 3,000 to 4,000 years ago. No lineal descendant has been
identified. Geographic affiliation is consistent with the historically
documented use of the area by the Nisenan (Southern Maidu) and the
Plains Miwok. The determination that this collection could be
affiliated with either the historic Nisenan or the Plains Miwok is
based on the movement of both groups near the borders of what is now
identified as their historic territories.
Determinations Made by the California Department of Parks and
Officials of the California Department of Parks and Recreation have
Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(3)(B) the one cultural item
described above is reasonably believed to have been placed with or near
individual human remains at the time of death or later as part of the
death rite or ceremony and is believed, by a preponderance of the
evidence, to have been removed from a specific burial site of a Native
Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(2), there is a relationship of
shared group identity that can be reasonably traced between the
unassociated funerary object and the Buena Vista Rancheria of Me-Wuk
Indians of California; Cortina Indian Rancheria of Wintun Indians of
California; Ione Band of Miwok Indians of California; Shingle Springs
Band of Miwok Indians, Shingle Springs Rancheria (Verona Tract),
California; United Auburn Indian Community of the Auburn Rancheria of
California; Wilton Rancheria, California; and Yocha Dehe Wintun Nation,
California (hereinafter referred to as ``The Tribes'').
Additional Requestors and Disposition
Representatives of any Indian tribe that believes itself to be
culturally affiliated with the unassociated funerary object should
contact Rebecca Carruthers, NAGPRA Coordinator, California Department
of Parks and Recreation, 1416 9th St., Room 902, Sacramento, CA 95814,
telephone (916) 215-5018, before September 7, 2011. Repatriation of the
unassociated funerary object to The Tribes may proceed after that date
if no additional claimants come forward.
The California Department of Parks and Recreation is responsible
for notifying The Tribes that this notice has been published.
Dated: August 2, 2011.
Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. 2011-19994 Filed 8-5-11; 8:45 am]
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