FR Doc E8-23698[Federal Register: October 7, 2008 (Volume 73, Number 195)]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
National Park Service
Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: Logan Museum of
Anthropology, Beloit College, Beloit, WI
AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.
Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves
Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3005, of the intent
to repatriate cultural items in the possession of the Logan Museum of
Anthropology, Beloit College, Beloit, WI, that meet the definitions of
"sacred objects" and "objects of cultural patrimony" under 25
This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003 (d)(3).
The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the cultural
items. The National Park Service is not responsible for the
determinations in this notice.
The cultural objects are one drum, four drum legs, and four drum
sticks. All are catalogued within the Logan Museum's catalogue number
The drum measures 35 cm high by 62 cm in diameter. It is made of a
wooden washtub covered on the top and bottom with painted hide
drumheads. The top drumhead exhibits a red line and yellow stripe
across the center, and half the drumhead is painted green. The paint on
the top drumhead is heavily faded. The bottom drumhead is mostly
unpainted on the exterior, but the interior is painted green with a red
line across the center. The interior paint and a series of perforations
along the side of the bottom drumhead indicate it once served as a top
drumhead. A cloth strip with glass-beaded floral designs and four
glass-beaded tabs with floral
designs and brass tinklers are attached to the outside of the drum,
near the top. Four leather straps are attached to the outside of the
drum, one for each of the four drum legs. Each leg is made of wood
wrapped in black cotton and blue cloth. Three of the drum sticks are
long and slender with narrow heads of blue denim wrapped in cotton
thread. The fourth stick is shorter, and has a round stuffed buckskin
In 1955, the Logan Museum acquired the drum, legs, and sticks when
it purchased the collection of Albert Green Heath. Associated
collection records contain Heath's following statement on the cultural
items: "Large Pow wow (tribal drum) complete with 4 Drum sticks & 4
stakes. White Earth Band of Chippewas. Minn., Extremely Rare."
Collection records contain no additional information about the objects.
Based on general information about his collecting history, Heath most
likely acquired the drum, legs, and sticks at the White Earth
Reservation in Minnesota in the early 20th century.
On the basis of Heath's attribution of the objects to the White
Earth Band of Chippewas, officials of the Logan Museum of Anthropology
consulted with representatives of the White Earth Band of the Minnesota
Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota. During consultation, tribal representatives
indicated that the drum and its associated legs and sticks are central
to the Big Drum Society Ceremony, and are considered sacred objects
that are needed by the Ceremony's practitioners. The drums are not
owned by individuals but by Drum Societies, which are responsible for
caring for the objects used in the Ceremony and thus, individuals do
not have the right to alienate a Big Drum. The White Earth Band was one
of the earliest of the Ojibwe (Chippewa) groups to adopt the Big Drum
Society Ceremony in the 19th century, and the Ceremony has ongoing
historical, traditional, and cultural importance to the tribe.
Officials of the Logan Museum of Anthropology have determined that,
pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (3)(C), the nine cultural items described
above are specific ceremonial objects needed by traditional Native
American religious leaders for the practice of traditional Native
American religions by their present-day adherents. Officials of the
Logan Museum of Anthropology have also determined that, pursuant to 25
U.S.C. 3001 (3)(D), the nine cultural items described above have
ongoing historical, traditional, or cultural importance central to the
Native American group or culture itself, rather than property owned by
an individual. Lastly, officials of the Logan Museum of Anthropology
have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (2), there is a
relationship of shared group identity that can be reasonably traced
between the sacred objects/objects of cultural patrimony and the White
Earth Band of the Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota.
Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to
be culturally affiliated with the sacred objects/objects of cultural
patrimony should contact William Green, Director, Logan Museum of
Anthropology, Beloit College, 700 College St., Beloit, WI 53511,
telephone (608) 363-2119, before November 6, 2008. Repatriation of the
sacred objects/objects of cultural patrimony to the White Earth Band of
the Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota may proceed after that date if
no additional claimants come forward.
The Logan Museum of Anthropology is responsible for notifying the
White Earth Band of the Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota that this
notice has been published.
Dated: September 10,2008
Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. E8-23698 Filed 10-6-08; 8:45 am]
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