FR Doc 05-23865
[Federal Register: December 9, 2005 (Volume 70, Number 236)]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
National Park Service
Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: Luther College
Anthropology Lab, Luther College, Decorah, IA
AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.
Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves
Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3005, of the intent
to repatriate cultural items in the possession of the Luther College
Anthropology Lab, Luther College, Decorah, IA, that meet the definition
of ``unassociated funerary objects'' under 25 U.S.C. 3001. The cultural
items were removed from Alamakee County, IA.
This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003 (d)(3).
The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the cultural
items. The National Park Service is not responsible for the
determinations in this notice.
Luther College Anthropology Lab professional staff consulted with
representatives of the Iowa Tribe of Kansas and Nebraska, Iowa Tribe of
Oklahoma, and Otoe-Missouria Tribe of Indians, Oklahoma.
On October 10, 1997, human remains and associated funerary objects
from the Flynn Burials (13AM43, also called 13AM43A, 13AM43B, and
13AM43C) and Malone Cemetery (13AM60), Alamakee County, IA, were
published in a Notice of Inventory Completion by the Iowa Office of the
State Archaeologist in the Federal Register (FR Doc. 97-26872, pages
53023-53025). The human remains were repatriated in November of 1997.
In 2004, Luther College Anthropology Lab discovered 731 cultural items
in their collection, which, according to excavation records, were
cultural items from the Flynn Burials and Malone Cemetery.
The 731 cultural items are projectile points, scrapers, bifaces,
preforms, stone tool and fragments, utilized blades, flakes and flake
fragments, ground stone arrow shaft abraders, hammer stones, limestone
pipe fragment, Catlinite fragment, celt blank or preform, piece of
galena, un-modified spall (NCR), complete or partial Oneota vessels and
sherds, bone arrow shaft straighteners, bone awl, bone pressure flaking
tool, antler bracelet fragments, turkey tendons, swan bill, dog bones,
modified fragment of unidentified bone, shell spoons, unmodified shell
fragment, shell gorget, glass beads, rolled copper/brass beads and
bracelets, copper ear spirals, iron file, iron knives, iron ring, iron
spike/awls, iron fragments, fragments of cordage, bark fragments, and
In September 1958, the Flynn Burials were exposed during road
widening along Allamakee County Road A26, Allamakee County, IA. A
minimum of three individuals and associated funerary objects were
removed by Gavin Sampson. In November 1997, the three individuals were
reburied without associated funerary objects following publication of
the Notice of Inventory
Completion on October 10, 1997. The 551 unassociated funerary objects
are 357 copper/brass beads, 16 copper/brass bracelets, 2 copper/brass
ear spirals, 1 metal spike/awl, 2 metal knives, 7 metal fragments, 1
nearly complete ceramic vessel, 5 ceramic sherds, 1 projectile point, 8
scrapers, 2 bifaces, 10 blades, 2 preforms, 1 unidentified chipped
stone tool, 66 flakes and flake fragments, 1 hammer stone, 1 unmodified
flint spall, 8 glass beads, 2 clam shell spoons, 1 unmodified clam
shell, 1 bison rib shaft straightener, 25 turkey tendons, 1 swan bill,
16 antler bracelets, 1 modified bone, 4 fragments of cordage, and 9
fragments of bark.
In 1965 and 1966, excavations at the Malone Cemetery were conducted
by Dr. Sampson after rooting pigs exposed human remains. Dr. Sampson's
notes indicate that four, and possibly as many as seven individuals,
were identified during the course of excavations. In November 1997, the
human remains were reburied without associated funerary objects
following publication of the Notice of Inventory Completion on October
10, 1997. The 180 unassociated funerary objects are 7 projectile
points, 2 scrapers, 3 bifaces, 4 chipped stone tool fragments, 18
flakes, 2 ground stone shaft abraders, 1 hammer stone, 1 limestone pipe
fragment, 1 catlinite fragment, 1 celt blank, 1 ground stone scraper/
grainer, 1 piece of galena, 4 partial/reconstructed ceramic vessels, 4
ceramic sherds, 1 bone straightener, 1 bone awl, 1 bone flaking tool, 3
dog bones, 4 shell spoons, 1 shell gorget fragment, 4 glass beads, 4
rolled copper/brass beads, 2 copper/brass ear spirals, 1 metal file, 1
metal knife, 1 metal spike/awl, 1 metal ring, 5 bark fragments, and 100
Interments at the two sites date to the latter part of the Orr
phase (circa A.D. 1640-1700). Archeological evidence, including the
presence of European trade goods and prevalence of Oneota pottery to
the exclusion of other types, indicate that the Oneota peoples occupied
the two sites. The Oneota are Chiwere-Siouan speaking peoples. Oral
tradition, coupled with historical documentation, suggest that the
ancestral Oneota people are represented by the present-day Iowa Tribe
of Nebraska and Kansas, Iowa Tribe of Oklahoma, and the Otoe-Missouria
Officials of the Luther College Anthropology Lab have determined
that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (3)(B), the 731 cultural items are
reasonably believed to have been placed with or near individual human
remains at the time of death or later as part of the death rite or
ceremony and are believed, by a preponderance of the evidence, to have
been removed from specific burial sites of Native American individuals.
Officials of the Luther College Anthropology Lab also have determined
that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (2), there is a relationship of shared
group identity that can be reasonably traced between the unassociated
funerary objects and the Iowa Tribe of Kansas and Nebraska, Iowa Tribe
of Oklahoma, and Otoe-Missouria Tribe of Indians, Oklahoma.
Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to
be culturally affiliated with the unassociated funerary objects should
contact Chad Landsman, Laboratory and Collections Manager, Luther
College Anthropology Lab, Luther College, 700 College Drive, Decorah,
IA 52101, telephone (563) 387-2156, before January 9, 2006.
Repatriation of the unassociated funerary objects to the Iowa Tribe of
Kansas and Nebraska may proceed after that date if no additional
claimants come forward.
The Luther College Anthropology Lab is responsible for notifying
the Iowa Tribe of Kansas and Nebraska, Iowa Tribe of Oklahoma, and
Otoe-Missouria Tribe of Indians, Oklahoma that this notice has been
Dated: November 5, 2005.
Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. 05-23865 Filed 12-8-05; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4312-50-S
Back to the top