[Federal Register: October 10, 2002 (Volume 67, Number 197)]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
National Park Service
Notice of Intent to Repatriate a Cultural Item in the Possession
of the Sam Noble Oklahoma Museum of Natural History, Norman, OK
AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.
Notice is hereby given in accordance with the provisions of the
Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 43 CFR
10.10 (a)(3), of the intent to repatriate a cultural item in the
possession of the Sam Noble Oklahoma Museum of Natural History, Norman,
OK, that meets the definition of ``sacred object'' under Section 2 of
This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 43 CFR 10.2 (c). The
determinations within this notice are the sole responsibility of the
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of these
cultural items. The National Park Service is not responsible for the
determinations within this notice.
The cultural item is a cedar pole 12 feet long, from which all bark
has been removed. The pole is painted lengthwise, black on one side and
green on the other side. Accession and catalog records of the Sam Noble
Oklahoma Museum of Natural History (formerly known as the Stovall
Museum of Science and History) indicate that the pole was donated to
the museum in 1946 by Mrs. Joe Weller of Gracemont, OK.
According to museum records and consultation with representatives
of the Caddo Tribe of Oklahoma, the pole was originally made about 1895
by Caddo Chief White Bread. The pole was used regularly in Caddo Ghost
Dances from 1895 until 1946. About 1922, Chief White Bread died and the
pole passed to Mr. Squirrel, another community Ghost Dance leader. Mr.
Joe Weller was the third custodian of the pole and held Ghost Dances
annually until his death in 1945. On July 14, 1946, Mrs. Weller
sponsored a final Ghost Dance, after which she intended to ``retire''
the pole. University of Oklahoma anthropologist K.G. Orr was among
those attending the July 14, 1946, Ghost Dance and, according to museum
accession records, he ``persuaded Mrs. Weller and the Caddo tribe to
donate the pole to the museum rather than destroy it at the completion
of the dance.'' The pole was accessioned into the collections of the
museum's Division of Ethnology in 1946. Since that time,
representatives of the Caddo Tribe of Oklahoma and Caddo traditional
religious leaders have regularly visited the museum and consulted with
the museum staff concerning the pole.
Consultations with representatives of the Caddo Tribe of Oklahoma
confirm that this pole was made to be used in the Caddo Ghost Dance.
Representatives of the Caddo Tribe of Oklahoma have provided evidence
that the pole is needed by traditional religious leaders for the
practice of the Ghost Dance by present-day adherents. Representatives
of the Caddo Tribe of Oklahoma have provided evidence that the pole is
of ongoing historical, traditional, and cultural importance to the
Caddo Tribe of Oklahoma as a whole.
Based on the above-mentioned information, officials of the Sam
Noble Oklahoma Museum of Natural History have determined that, pursuant
to 43 CFR 10.2(d)(3), this item is a specific ceremonial object needed
by traditional Native American religious leaders for the practice of
traditional Native American religions by their present-day adherents.
Officials of the Sam Noble Oklahoma Museum of Natural History have
determined that, pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2(e), there is a relationship of
shared group identity that can be traced between this sacred object and
the Caddo Tribe of Oklahoma.
This notice has been sent to officials of the Caddo Tribe of
Oklahoma. Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes
itself to be culturally affiliated with this object should contact
Julie Droke, Registrar/Repatriation
Specialist, Sam Noble Oklahoma Museum of Natural History, University of
Oklahoma, 2401 Chautauqua Ave., Norman, OK 73072, telephone (405) 325-
1035, before November 12, 2002. Repatriation of this sacred object to
the Caddo Tribe of Oklahoma may begin after that date if no additional
claimants come forward.
Dated: August 28, 2002.
Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. 02-25870 Filed 10-9-02; 8:45 am]
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