[Federal Register: February 9, 2001 (Volume 66, Number 28)]
[Page 9718-9719]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]



National Park Service

Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items in the Possession
of the Cranbrook Institute of Science, Bloomfield Hills, MI

AGENCY: National Park Service.

ACTION: Notice.


    Notice is hereby given under the Native American Graves Protection
and Repatriation Act, 43 CFR 10.10 (a)(3), of the intent to repatriate
cultural items in the possession of the Cranbrook Institute of Science
that meet the definition of ``sacred objects'' under Section 2 of the
    This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 43 CFR 10.2 (c). The
determinations within this notice are the sole responsibility of the
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of these
cultural items. The National Park Service is not responsible for the
determinations within this notice.
    The two cultural items are a Hopi Kachina Initiation altar and a
Hopi Water Serpent altar. The Kachina Initiation altar consists of a
plaster sand painting for the floor and is accompanied by eight groups
of altar adornment, including eagle feathers, ears of colored corn,
stone celts, a wooden weaving implement, and shell and stone beads. The
Water Serpent altar consists of a large canvas screen divided into four
panels of painted images. Four carved snakes or ``water serpents''
extend outward in front of the altar screen.

[[Page 9719]]

    The Hopi Kachina Initiation altar and the Hopi Water Serpent altar
were purchased by Cranbrook Institute of Science in 1933 from the
estate of Sir Henry Wellcome, who obtained the altars from the Field
Museum of Natural History in Chicago, IL, following an exhibit. The 2
altars belonged to a series of 12 Hopi altars constructed by Hopi
priests and artists specifically for the Field Museum exhibit.
    Information provided with the altars at the time of purchase
describes the Field Museum exhibit and the circumstances of the
priests' and artists' commission to construct the altars at the Field
Museum from components that had been prefabricated in Arizona.
Description of the ceremonies and the items used in the ceremonies are
addressed in anthropology literature, such as Hopi Kachina, by E. A.
Kennard, The Kachina and the White Man, by Frederick Dockstader, and in
the text that accompanied the original exhibit.
    Based on the above-mentioned information, officials of the
Cranbrook Educational Community, parent organization for Cranbrook
Institute of Science, have determined that, pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2
(d)(3), these cultural items are specific ceremonial objects needed by
traditional Native American religious leaders for the practice of
traditional Native American religions by their present-day adherents.
Officials of the Cranbrook Institute of Science also have determined
that, pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2 (e), there is a relationship of shared
group identity that can be reasonably traced between these cultural
items and the Hopi Tribe of Arizona.
    This notice has been sent to officials of the Hopi Tribe of
Arizona. Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself
to be culturally affiliated with these cultural items should contact
Michael Stafford, Ph.D., Curator of Anthropology and Head of Science
Department, Cranbrook Institute of Science, 39221 Woodward Avenue,
Bloomfield Hills, MI 48303-0801, telephone (248) 645-3223, before March
12, 2001. Repatriation of these cultural items to the Hopi Tribe of
Arizona may begin after that date if no additional claimants come

    Dated: January 24, 2001.
John Robbins,
Assistant Director, Cultural Resources Stewardship and Partnerships.
[FR Doc. 01-3357 Filed 2-8-01; 8:45 am]
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