[Federal Register: April 27, 2000 (Volume 65, Number 82)]
[Notices]
[Page 24714-24715]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr27ap00-78]

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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service

Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Items in the Possession
of the South Dakota State Archaeological Research Center, Rapid City,
SD

AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice.

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    Notice is hereby given under the Native American Graves Protection
and Repatriation Act, 43 CFR 10.10 (a)(3), of the intent to repatriate
cultural items in the possession of the South Dakota State
Archaeological Research Center, Rapid City, SD which meet the
definition of ``unassociated funerary object'' under Section 2 of the
Act.
    The 107 cultural items consist of two pipes, three stones, a large
metal ring, five lots of beads, 31 buttons, 11 wristlets, two bear
tooth pendants, an elk tooth pendant, two pairs of earrings, a watch
fob, a ball and chain ornament, two armbands, a metal disc with scarf,
a bullet mold, a powder flask, a percussion cap box, two metal knives,
a pistol cleaning rod, a fishhook, a strike-a-light, four spoons, a
hand-mirror with case, seven bells, a pair of scissors, two bone tubes,
an ivory gaming chip, a stoneware ink bottle, a nail, a metal fragment,
six leather fragments, three wood fragments, six textile fragments, a
fur fragment, and a gunstock club.
    Between 1923-1941, these cultural items were removed with human
remains representing nine individuals from burials at the Vermillion
Bluff

[[Page 24715]]

Village (39CL1) by workmen during home construction activities. These
human remains and objects were donated to the W.H. Over Museum,
Vermillion, SD. In 1974, these human remains and objects were
transferred to the South Dakota State Archaeological Research Center.
In 1982, the human remains were repatriated to Frank Fools Crow, Oglala
Sioux Tribe, Pine Ridge Reservation, SD.
    Based on oral tradition, archeological evidence, historical
accounts, and geographic location, the burials at the Vermillion Bluff
Village have been identified as Yankton dating to the historic period
(post-AD 1800).
    The 65 cultural items consist of a shell hairpipe, ten lots of
beads, seven bells, four wristlets, an armband, four bear claws, an elk
tooth, a roach spreader, an earring, a pair of brass tubes and
tinklers, two tack necklaces and tack, a dance mirror, two files, two
strike-a-lights, two fishhooks, an antler powder measure, a flintlock
gun, a metal knife, a metal projectile point, a stone biface, a pair of
sandstone abraders, a pair of scissors, a thimble, a catlinite pipe and
stem, a catlinite tobacco tamper, a horse bit, a plate glass item, two
wood fragments, two leather fragments, and eight metal fragments.
    In 1917, these cultural items and human remains representing one
individual were excavated from site 39CL6 by the private landowner,
A.A. Norgren, on his farm near Centerville, SD. These human remains and
objects were donated to the W.H. Over Museum in Vermillion, SD. In
1974, these human remains and objects were transferred to the South
Dakota State Archaeological Research Center. In 1982, the human remains
were repatriated to Frank Fools Crow, Oglala Sioux Tribe, Pine Ridge
Reservation, SD.
    Based on oral tradition, archeological evidence, historical
accounts, and geographic location, the burials at the Vermillion Bluff
Village have been identified as Yankton dating to the historic period
(post-AD 1800).
    Based on the above mentioned information, officials of the South
Dakota State Archaeological Research Center have determined that,
pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2(d)(2)(ii), these cultural items are reasonably
believed to have been placed with or near individual human remains at
the time of death or later as part of the death rite or ceremony and
are believed, by a preponderance of the evidence, to have been removed
from a specific burial site of a Native American individual. Officials
of the South Dakota State Archaeological Research Center have also
determined that, pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2(e), there is a relationship of
shared group identity which can be reasonably traced between these
items and the Yankton Sioux Tribe of South Dakota.
    This notice has been sent to officials of the Yankton Sioux Tribe
of South Dakota, and the Crow Creek Sioux Tribe of the Crow Creek
Reservation, South Dakota. Representatives of any other Indian tribe
that believes itself to be culturally affiliated with these objects
should contact Renee Boen, Curator, State Archaeological Center, South
Dakota Historical Society, P.O. Box 1257, Rapid City, SD 57709-1257;
telephone: (605) 394-1936 before May 30, 2000. Repatriation of these
objects to the Yankton Sioux Tribe of South Dakota may begin after that
date if no additional claimants come forward.

    Dated: April 21, 2000.
Veletta Canouts,
Acting Departmental Consulting Archeologist, Deputy Manager, Archeology
and Ethnography Program.
[FR Doc. 00-10533 Filed 4-26-00; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4310-70-F

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