[Federal Register: August 14, 1998 (Volume 63, Number 157)]
[Notices]
[Page 43720-43721]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr14au98-103]

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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service

Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items in the Possession
of the Museum of Indian Arts and Culture/Laboratory of Anthropology,
Museum of New Mexico, Santa Fe, NM

AGENCY: National Park Service

ACTION: Notice

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    Notice is hereby given under the Native American Graves Protection
and Repatriation Act, 43 CFR 10.10 (a)(3), of the intent to repatriate
cultural items in the possession of the Museum of Indian Arts and
Culture/Laboratory of Anthropology, Museum of New Mexico, Santa Fe, NM
which meets the definition of ``unassociated funerary object'' under
Section 2 of the Act.
    The nine cultural items consist of a shell ornament, a shell
pendant, a group of worked ceramic disks, a quartz crystal, a calcite
crystal, and a portion of a broken ceramic jar.
    Between 1915-1925, the R.S. Peabody Foundation of Archaeology,
Phillips Academy, Andover, MA carried out legally authorized
excavations at Pecos Pueblo (site LA 625). At an unknown

[[Page 43721]]

date, these cultural items were donated to the Laboratory of
Anthropology by the R.S. Peabody Museum. Although these cultural items
were removed from individual burials, the human remains with which they
were originally associated cannot be located, and may not have been
removed during the excavations.
    Excavation and museum records clearly indicate these cultural items
were removed from specific burials of Native American individuals.
Based on the archeological material from this site, Spanish Colonial
documents, U.S. Government records, and oral history presented by the
Apache Tribe of Oklahoma, the Comanche Tribe, the Hopi Tribe, the
Jicarilla Apache Tribe, the Kiowa Tribe, the Mescalero Apache Tribe,
the Navajo Nation, the Pueblo of Cochiti, the Pueblo of Jemez, the
Pueblo of Zuni, and the Wichita and Affiliated Tribes, this site dates
from the Pueblo III period (ca. 1100 A.D.) to its abandonment in 1846.
Although this site shares cultural affiliation with all the above
listed tribes, based on oral history presented by the tribes,
archeological evidence, historic documents, and a 1936 Congressional
Act, this site is most closely affiliated with the Pueblo of Jemez.
    Officials of the Museum of Indian Arts and Culture/Laboratory of
Anthropology have determined that, pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2 (d)(2)(ii),
these nine cultural items are reasonably believed to have been placed
with or near individual human remains at the time of death or later as
part of the death rite or ceremony and are believed, by a preponderance
of the evidence, to have been removed from a specific burial site of an
Native American individual. Officials of the Museum of Indian Arts and
Culture/Laboratory of Anthropology have also determined that, pursuant
to 43 CFR 10.2 (e), there is a relationship of shared group identity
which can be reasonably traced between these items and the Pueblo of
Jemez.
    This notice has been sent to officials of the Apache Tribe of
Oklahoma, the Comanche Tribe, the Hopi Tribe, the Jicarilla Apache
Tribe, the Kiowa Tribe, the Mescalero Apache Tribe, the Navajo Nation,
the Pueblo of Cochiti, the Pueblo of Jemez, the Pueblo of Zuni, and the
Wichita and Affiliated Tribes. Representatives of any other Indian
tribe that believes itself to be culturally affiliated with these
objects should contact Patricia House, Director, Museum of Indian Arts
and Culture/Laboratory of Anthropology, Museum of New Mexico, P.O. Box
2087, Santa Fe, NM 87504-2087; telephone (505) 827-6344 before
September 14, 1998. Repatriation of these objects to the Pueblo of
Jemez may begin after that date if no additional claimants come
forward.
Dated: August 4, 1998.
Francis P. McManamon,
Departmental Consulting Archeologist,Manager, Archeology and
Ethnography Program.
[FR Doc. 98-21884 Filed 8-13-98; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4310-70-F

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