[Federal Register: November 14, 1996 (Volume 61, Number 221)]
[Page 58422-58423]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]



Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items in the Possession
of the Springfield Science Museum, Springfield, MA

AGENCY: National Park Service

ACTION: Notice


    Notice is hereby given under the Native American Graves Protection
and Repatriation Act, 25 U.S.C. 3005 (a)(2), of the intent to
repatriate cultural items in the possession of the Springfield Science
Museum, Springfield, MA, which meet the definition of ``unassociated
funerary object'' under Section 2 of the Act.
    The 68 cultural items include: conch shell beads, a conch shell
drinking cup, a soft-shell clam hoe, stone projectile

[[Page 58423]]

points, bear claws, a Caddoan incised-neck pottery bottle, bone pins,
and a worked copper sheet.
    In 1912, C. B. Moore collected these cultural items from the Lower
Mississippi Valley in LaFayette, Miller, Cross, Hempstead, and Calhoun
counties of Arkansas, and donated them to the Springfield Science
Museum the same year.
    Consultation evidence indicates these counties were used as a
homeland and burial/funerary areas between c. 800 A.D. and the mid-
nineteenth century by the Caddo Tribe. Archeological and
anthropological evidence further indicates continuities of funerary
practice, tools, types of ornamentation, and funerary objects
throughout this period. Consultation evidence presented by the Caddo
Tribe also indicates these burial practices, tool manufacture, and
types of ornamentation and funerary objects are identical to known
Caddo traditional practices into the historic period.
    Officials of the Springfield Science Museum have determined that,
pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (3)(B), these 68 cultural items are
reasonably believed to have been placed with or near individual human
remains at the time of death or later as part of the death rite or
ceremony and are believed, by a preponderance of the evidence, to have
been removed from a specific burial site of an Native American
individual. Officials of the Springfield Science Museum have also
determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (2), there is a
relationship of shared group identity which can be reasonably traced
between these items and the Caddo Tribe of Oklahoma.
    This notice has been sent to officials of the Caddo Tribe of
Oklahoma, the Creek Nation of Oklahoma, the Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma,
and the United Keetoowah Band of the Cherokee Nation. Representatives
of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to be culturally
affiliated with these objects should contact John Pretola, Curator of
Anthropology, Springfield Science Museum, 236 State Street,
Springfield, MA 01103, telephone (413) 263096875, ext. 320 before
December 16, 1996. Repatriation of these objects to the Caddo Tribe of
Oklahoma may begin after that date if no additional claimants come
Dated: November 8, 1996.
Veletta Canouts,
Acting Departmental Consulting Archeologist,
Deputy Manager, Archeology and Ethnography Program.
[FR Doc. 96-29155 Filed 11-13-96; 8:45 am]

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