[Federal Register Volume 78, Number 232 (Tuesday, December 3, 2013)]
[Notices]
[Pages 72706-72709]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2013-28911]


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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service

[NPS-WASO-NAGPRA-14202: PPWOCRADN0-PCU00RP14.R50000]


Notice of Inventory Completion: Colorado State University, Fort 
Collins, CO

AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice.

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SUMMARY: Colorado State University (CSU) has completed an inventory of 
human remains and associated funerary objects, in consultation with the 
appropriate Indian tribes or Native Hawaiian organizations, and has 
determined that there is no cultural affiliation between the human 
remains and associated funerary objects and any

[[Page 72707]]

present-day Indian tribes or Native Hawaiian organizations. 
Representatives of any Indian tribe or Native Hawaiian organization not 
identified in this notice that wish to request transfer of control of 
these human remains and associated funerary objects should submit a 
written request to CSU Department of Anthropology. If no additional 
requestors come forward, transfer of control of the human remains and 
associated funerary objects to the Indian tribes or Native Hawaiian 
organizations stated in this notice may proceed.

DATES: Representatives of any Indian tribe or Native Hawaiian 
organization not identified in this notice that wish to request 
transfer of control of these human remains and associated funerary 
objects should submit a written request with information in support of 
the request to the Department of Anthropology at CSU at the address in 
this notice by January 2, 2014.

ADDRESSES: Christopher Green, Colorado State University, B-218 Clark 
Building, c/o Christopher Green, 1787 Campus Delivery, Fort Collins, CO 
80525, telephone (970) 213-3060, email cg99@rams.colostate.edu.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Notice is here given in accordance with the 
Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 
U.S.C. 3003, of the completion of an inventory of human remains and 
associated funerary objects under the control of the Colorado State 
University (CSU), Fort Collins, Colorado. The human remains and 
associated funerary objects were removed from Larimer, Weld, Logan, 
Adams, Douglas, Cheyenne, Archuleta, and Montezuma Counties, CO.
    This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's 
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003(d)(3) and 
43 CFR 10.11(d). The determinations in this notice are the sole 
responsibility of the museum, institution, or Federal agency that has 
control of the Native American human remains and associated funerary 
objects. The National Park Service is not responsible for the 
determinations in this notice.

Consultation

    A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by the CSU 
professional staff in consultation with representatives of Arapaho 
Tribe of Wind River Reservation; Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribes, Oklahoma 
(previously listed as the Cheyenne-Arapaho Tribes of Oklahoma); Navajo 
Nation, Arizona, New Mexico, & Utah; Pueblo of San Ildefonso, New 
Mexico; Southern Ute Indian Tribe of the Southern Ute Reservation, 
Colorado; and the Ute Mountain Tribe of the Ute Mountain Reservation, 
Colorado, New Mexico, & Utah. The following tribes were invited to 
consult but did not participate: Crow Tribe of Montana; Kiowa Indian 
Tribe of Oklahoma; Northern Cheyenne Tribe of Northern Cheyenne Indian 
Reservation, Montana; Oglala Sioux Tribe (previously listed as the 
Oglala Sioux Tribe of the Pine Ridge Reservation, South Dakota); Ohkay 
Owingeh, New Mexico (previously listed as the Pueblo of San Juan); 
Paiute Indian Tribe of Utah (Cedar Band of Paiutes, Kanosh Band of 
Paiutes, Koosharem Band of Paiutes, Indian Peaks Band of Paiutes, and 
Shivwits Band of Paiutes)(formerly Paiute Indian Tribe of Utah (Cedar 
City Band of Paiutes, Kanosh Band of Paiutes, Koosharem Band of 
Paiutes, Indian Peaks Band of Paiutes, and Shivwits Band of Paiutes)); 
Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma; Pueblo of Cochiti, New Mexico; Pueblo of 
Santa Ana, New Mexico; Pueblo of Santa Clara, New Mexico; Rosebud Sioux 
Tribe of the Rosebud Indian Reservation, South Dakota; Shoshone Tribe 
of Wind River Reservation, Wyoming; Shoshone-Bannock Tribes of the Fort 
Hall Reservation; Standing Rock Sioux Tribe of North and South Dakota; 
Three Affiliated Tribes of the Fort Berthold Reservation, North Dakota; 
Ute Indian Tribe of the Uintah & Ouray Reservation, Utah; and the Zuni 
Tribe of the Zuni Reservation, New Mexico.

History and Description of the Remains

    Sometime before or during 1968, human remains representing, at 
minimum, four individuals were removed from an unknown site in Larimer 
County, CO. The remains were catalogued and curated by CSU sometime 
after 1968. Collection and archival work by Dr. Jason LaBelle and Dr. 
Ann Magennis, between 2005 and 2010, failed to find any documentation 
regarding these individuals. Cases  22, 23, 24, and 25 
represent the partial remains of at least four individuals, including 
two adults and two newborns. No known individuals were identified. No 
associated funerary objects are present.
    Sometime before or during 1968, human remains representing, at 
minimum, two individuals were removed from an unknown site described as 
``near Ted's Place,'' which is near where the Cache La Poudre River 
emerges from the Rocky Mountains in Larimer County, CO. The remains 
were catalogued and curated by CSU sometime after 1968. Collection and 
archival work by Dr. Jason LaBelle and Dr. Ann Magennis, between 2005 
and 2010, failed to find any documentation regarding these individuals. 
Cases  26 and 27 represent the partial remains of at least two 
individuals, both adults. No known individuals were identified. No 
associated funerary objects are present.
    Sometime before or during 1970, human remains representing, at 
minimum, one individual were removed from an unknown site in Larimer 
County, CO. According to collection notes, the site of removal was on 
private property. The remains were catalogued and curated by CSU 
sometime after 1970. Collection and archival work by Dr. Jason LaBelle 
and Dr. Ann Magennis, between 2005 and 2010, failed to find any 
documentation regarding this individual. Case  49 represents 
the partial remains of one adult. No known individuals were identified. 
No associated funerary objects are present.
    Sometime before or during 1970, human remains representing, at 
minimum, one individual were removed from an unknown site in Larimer 
County, CO. The skeletal remains were found by a resident of the Estes 
Park area, indicating the site may have been near there. The remains 
were catalogued and curated by CSU sometime after 1970. Collection and 
archival work by Dr. Jason LaBelle and Dr. Ann Magennis, between 2005 
and 2010, failed to find any documentation regarding this individual. 
Case  51 represents the remains of one adult male. No known 
individuals were identified. No associated funerary objects are 
present.
    Sometime during August 1971, human remains representing, at 
minimum, one individual were removed from site 5LR203 in Larimer 
County, CO. The site was discovered and excavated by Dr. Elizabeth Ann 
Morris and her students in 1971. Case  67 represents one 
individual that was discovered in a sandstone crevice near Livermore, 
CO, with two other individuals. On September 27, 1971, some of the 
human remains were removed from CSU during a social protest by 
individuals presumably associated with the American Indian Movement. 
Following the protest, only portions of one individual remained at CSU. 
No known individuals were identified. No associated funerary objects 
are present.
    Sometime between 1976 and 1979, human remains representing, at 
minimum, two individuals were removed from private property on 
Lightening Hill (site 5LR284) in Larimer County, CO. The site was 
discovered and excavated by the CSU Archaeological Field School, under 
the

[[Page 72708]]

direction of Dr. Elizabeth Ann Morris. CSU excavated a campsite, 
including the double burial, between 1976 and 1979. The artifacts from 
the campsite remain housed in the CSU Archaeological Repository. Cases 
 68 and 69 represent the remains of one adult female and one 
adult male. The female was found lying on her back in a burial pit with 
her head oriented north. The male was found in a small pit, but appears 
to be a secondary burial. No known individuals were identified. The 
three associated funerary objects are two large shell pendants and 1 
lot of bone beads buried with the adult female remains.
    Sometime during 1975, human remains representing, at minimum, three 
individuals were removed from private property (site 5LR300) in Larimer 
County, CO. The site was recorded on October 18, 1975, by Dr. Michael 
Charney, Chris Arthur, Anne McNamara, Penny Price, and Bob Burgess, all 
CSU faculty and student. Cases  61, 62, and 63 represent at 
least three partial individuals found in a small crevice in the 
foothills near the Cache la Poudre River. No known individuals were 
identified. No associated funerary objects are present, although animal 
bone and a projectile point were collected, but are not associated, 
with the human remains.
    Sometime between 1992 and 1993, human remains representing, at 
minimum, one individual were removed from private property (site 
5LR1680) in Larimer County, CO. The collection from this site is 
curated by the CSU Archaeological Repository. The skeletal remains were 
discovered during a routine analysis of the collection by CSU 
researchers. Case  65 represents one partial individual mixed 
with bison bone. No known individuals were identified. The site 
consisted nearly exclusively of bison bone, though chipped stone 
flakes, tools, and pottery were found intermixed with the bison bone, 
but are not considered associated funerary objects. It is not known how 
the skeletal remains became mixed with the bison bone, but the site 
does not appear to be a complete burial. No associated funerary objects 
are present.
    During May 1979, human remains representing, at minimum, one 
individual were removed from private property (site 5LR170) in Larimer 
County, CO. The CSU Archaeological Field School excavated the site 
during the 1979 field season, under the direction of Dr. Elizabeth Ann 
Morris. The artifacts from this site remain housed in the CSU 
Archaeological Repository. Case  66 represents the partial 
remains of one individual. No known individuals were identified. No 
associated funerary objects are present, although lithic flakes and 
rock were collected, but are not associated, with the human remains. 
The site contains camp debris associated with a long period of 
occupation and radiocarbon dates of non-human organic material in the 
shelter date the site to 800 B.C. to 500 B.C.
    Sometime before August 1991, human remains representing, at 
minimum, one individual were removed from the Masonville site in 
Larimer County, CO. The remains were curated by CSU sometime before 
August 1991. Dr. Diane France (formerly of CSU) consulted on this 
burial after discovery, although it is not known if it was with the 
Larimer County Sheriff's Department or some other agency. Collection 
and archival work by Dr. Jason LaBelle and Dr. Ann Magennis, between 
2005 and 2010, failed to find any additional documentation regarding 
this individual. Case  79 represents the partial remains of 
one sub-adult. No known individuals were identified. No associated 
funerary objects are present.
    Possibly on June 19, 1986, human remains representing, at minimum, 
two individuals were removed from the Freauff site in Weld County, CO. 
The remains were catalogued and curated by CSU sometime after 1987. 
Collection and archival work by Dr. Jason LaBelle and Dr. Ann Magennis, 
between 2005 and 2010, failed to find any additional documentation 
regarding these individuals. Cases  58 and 59 represent the 
remains of two individuals, one possibly female and one possibly a 
juvenile male. No known individuals were identified. Animal bone, fire 
altered rock, rock, lithic debitage, olivella shell, freshwater shell, 
shell fragment were collected with the skeletal remains, but are not 
considered associated funerary objects. No associated funerary objects 
are present.
    Sometime before August 1991, human remains representing, at 
minimum, one individual were removed from the Adams site in Adams 
County, CO. The remains were catalogued and curated by CSU sometime 
before August 1991. Collection and archival work by Dr. Jason LaBelle 
and Dr. Ann Magennis, between 2005 and 2010, failed to find any 
documentation regarding this individual. Case  70 represents 
the partial remains of one adult. No known individuals were identified. 
No associated funerary objects are present, although bone tubular 
beads, animal bone preforms, dentalium shell, animal teeth, assorted 
animal bones, awl tips, ground stone fragment, chert drill tip were 
stored, but are not associated, with the human remains.
    On May 7, 1982, human remains representing, at minimum, one 
individual were removed from the Hobbes-Artzer site in Logan County, 
CO. The burial was discovered by private citizens (likely Lloyd Hobbes 
and/or John Greg Artzer), and was excavated from an eroding context by 
Dr. Elizabeth Ann Morris, students, and citizens on May 7, 1982. The 
remains were catalogued and curated by CSU sometime after 1982. Case 
 77 represents the partial remains of one individual. No known 
individuals were identified. The collection records suggest at least 
two burials were present at the site, but only partial remains are at 
CSU. No associated funerary objects are present.
    In May of 1984, human remains representing, at minimum, one 
individual were removed from East Flat Top/Whiskey Draw site in Logan 
County, CO. The burial was discovered by private citizens and was 
excavated from an eroding context by Dr. Elizabeth Ann Morris, 
students, and citizens in May 1984. The remains were catalogued and 
curated by CSU sometime after 1984. Case  56 represents the 
partial remains of one adult female, buried in a tightly flexed 
position within a burial pit, head oriented toward the north. The 
burial appears to be a primary burial. No known individuals were 
identified. No associated funerary objects are present, although animal 
bones were stored, but are not associated, with the human remains. 
Known associated funerary objects are not under the control of CSU, 
although collection records describe a bison cranium, bone awl, biface, 
side scrapers, end scraper, large flakes, and a lap stone were 
collected with the human remains. The location of these artifacts is 
unknown.
    During April 1985, human remains representing, at minimum, one 
individual were removed from private property at the Red Lion site in 
Logan County, CO. The burial was discovered by private citizens and was 
excavated from an agricultural context by Dr. Elizabeth Ann Morris and 
citizens. The remains were catalogued and curated by CSU after 1985. 
Case  57 represents the remains of one young adult male. The 
burial appears to have been placed in a pit, although the bones were 
disarticulated and appear to have been covered in red ochre. The burial 
possibly could have been a secondary burial, placed into a pit. The one 
associated funerary object is a marine shell pendant (abalone) with two 
brass tacks. According to collection records, deer bone was found with 
the burial and

[[Page 72709]]

interpreted as a possible food offering, but is not present in the 
collection.
    On May 5, 1979, human remains representing, at minimum, one 
individual were removed from private property at the Linville site in 
Douglas County, CO. The remains were discovered by Kevin Linville, 
private citizen, in 1975. CSU was notified of the discovery in 1979, 
and Dr. Elizabeth Ann Morris, CSU students, and citizens excavated the 
site in an eroding context on May 5, 1979. Case  60 represents 
the remains of one older adult male, buried in a tightly flexed 
position, on his back, with his head placed to the north. The knees 
were drawn to the head with the left hand under the skull. No known 
individuals were identified. No associated funerary objects are 
present, although collection records indicate a grinding hand stone was 
interred with the burial. The location of the artifact is unknown.
    Sometime before or during 1970, human remains representing, at 
minimum, one individual were removed from an unknown site in Cheyenne 
County, CO. The remains were catalogued and curated by CSU sometime 
after 1970. Collection and archival work by Dr. Jason LaBelle and Dr. 
Ann Magennis, between 2005 and 2010, failed to find any documentation 
regarding this individual. Case  50 represents the partial 
remains of one adult male. No known individuals were identified. No 
associated funerary objects are present, although burned and unburned 
animal bone, late prehistoric arrow points, and biface fragments were 
stored, but are not associated, with the human remains. The arrow 
points date the site to the late prehistoric era between 150 A.D. and 
1540 A.D.
    Sometime before or during 1976, human remains representing, at 
minimum, one individual were removed from an unknown site in the area 
of Navajo Reservoir in Archuleta County, CO. The remains were 
catalogued and curated by CSU sometime after 1976. Collection and 
archival work by Dr. Jason LaBelle and Dr. Ann Magennis, between 2005 
and 2010, failed to find any documentation regarding this individual. 
Case  54 represents the remains of one adult of indeterminate 
sex. No known individuals were identified. No associated funerary 
objects are present.
    Sometime before or during 1969, human remains representing, at 
minimum, one individual were removed from an unknown site in Montezuma 
County, CO. The remains were catalogued and curated by CSU sometime 
after 1969. Collection and archival work by Dr. Jason LaBelle and Dr. 
Ann Magennis, between 2005 and 2010, failed to find any documentation 
regarding this individual. Case  32 represents the partial 
remains of one adult that exhibits occipital flattening. No known 
individuals were identified. No associated funerary objects are 
present, although southwestern ceramic sherds (including corrugated, 
plain, and painted forms that have been identified as San Juan orange 
wears), Corrugated wares, and possibly smooth obliterated wares, as 
well as lithic debitage flakes and rock fragments were stored, but are 
not associated, with the human remains.

Determinations Made by Colorado State University

    Officials of Colorado State University have determined that:
     Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(9), the human remains described 
in this notice are Native American based on their prehistoric 
provenience in the state of Colorado, as well as data indicating Native 
American burial practice and the relative condition of the skeletal 
remains.
     Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(9), the human remains described 
in this notice represent the physical remains of 27 individuals of 
Native American ancestry.
     Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(3)(A), the four objects 
described in this notice are reasonably believed to have been placed 
with or near individual human remains at the time of death or later as 
part of the death rite or ceremony.
     Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(2), a relationship of shared 
group identity cannot be reasonably traced between the Native American 
human remains and associated funerary objects and any present-day 
Indian tribe.
     According to final judgments of the Indian Claims 
Commission or the Court of Federal Claims, the land from which the 
Native American human remains and associated funerary objects were 
removed is the aboriginal land of the Arapaho Tribe of Wind River 
Reservation, Wyoming; Northern Cheyenne Tribe of Northern Cheyenne 
Indian Reservation, Montana; Southern Ute Indian Tribe of the Southern 
Ute Reservation, Colorado; and the Ute Mountain Tribe of the Ute 
Mountain Reservation, Colorado, New Mexico, & Utah.
     Treaties, Acts of Congress, or Executive Orders, indicate 
that the land from which the Native American human remains and 
associated funerary objects were removed is the aboriginal land of the 
Arapaho Tribe of Wind River Reservation, Wyoming; Northern Cheyenne 
Tribe of Northern Cheyenne Indian Reservation, Montana; Southern Ute 
Indian Tribe of the Southern Ute Reservation, Colorado; and the Ute 
Mountain Tribe of the Ute Mountain Reservation, Colorado, New Mexico, & 
Utah.
     Pursuant to 43 CFR 10.11(c)(2)(i), the disposition of the 
human remains and associated funerary objects may be to the Arapaho 
Tribe of Wind River Reservation, Wyoming; Northern Cheyenne Tribe of 
Northern Cheyenne Indian Reservation, Montana; Southern Ute Indian 
Tribe of the Southern Ute Reservation, Colorado; and the Ute Mountain 
Tribe of the Ute Mountain Reservation, Colorado, New Mexico, & Utah.

Additional Requestors and Disposition

    Representatives of any Indian tribe or Native Hawaiian organization 
not identified in this notice that wish to request transfer of control 
of these human remains and associated funerary objects should submit a 
written request with information in support of the request to 
Christopher Green, Colorado State University, B-218 Clark Building, c/o 
Christopher Green, 1787 Campus Delivery, Fort Collins, CO 80525, 
telephone (970) 213-3060, email cg99@rams.colostate.edu, by January 2, 
2014. After that date, if no additional requestors have come forward, 
transfer of control of the human remains and associated funerary 
objects to the Arapaho Tribe of Wind River Reservation, Wyoming; 
Northern Cheyenne Tribe of Northern Cheyenne Indian Reservation, 
Montana; Southern Ute Indian Tribe of the Southern Ute Reservation, 
Colorado; and the Ute Mountain Tribe of the Ute Mountain Reservation, 
Colorado, New Mexico, & Utah may proceed.
    Colorado State University is responsible for notifying the Arapaho 
Tribe of Wind River Reservation; Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribes, Oklahoma 
(previously listed as the Cheyenne-Arapaho Tribes of Oklahoma); Navajo 
Nation, Arizona, New Mexico, & Utah; Northern Cheyenne Tribe of 
Northern Cheyenne Indian Reservation, Montana; Pueblo of San Ildefonso, 
New Mexico; Southern Ute Indian Tribe of the Southern Ute Reservation, 
Colorado; and the Ute Mountain Tribe of the Ute Mountain Reservation, 
Colorado, New Mexico, & Utah that this notice has been published.

    Dated: September 26, 2013.
David Tarler,
Acting Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. 2013-28911 Filed 12-2-13; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4312-50-P



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