[Federal Register Volume 78, Number 159 (Friday, August 16, 2013)]
[Notices]
[Pages 50099-50100]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2013-20041]


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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service

[NPS-WASO-NAGPRA-13619; PPWOCRADN0-PCU00RP14.R50000]


Notice of Inventory Completion: Washington State Parks and 
Recreation Commission, Olympia, WA

AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice.

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SUMMARY: The Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission has 
completed an inventory of human remains and associated funerary 
objects, in consultation with the appropriate Indian tribes or Native 
Hawaiian organizations, and has determined that there is a cultural 
affiliation between the human remains and associated funerary objects 
and present-day Indian tribes or Native Hawaiian organizations. Lineal 
descendants or representatives of any Indian tribe or Native Hawaiian 
organization not identified in this notice that wish to request 
transfer of control of these human remains and associated funerary 
objects should submit a written request to the Washington State Parks 
and Recreation Commission. If no additional requestors come forward, 
transfer of control of the human remains and associated funerary 
objects to the lineal descendants, Indian tribes, or Native Hawaiian 
organizations stated in this notice may proceed.

DATES: Lineal descendants or representatives of any Indian tribe or 
Native Hawaiian organization not identified in this notice that wish to 
request transfer of control of these human remains and associated 
funerary objects should submit a written request with information in 
support of the request to the Washington State Parks and Recreation 
Commission at the address in this notice by September 16, 2013.

ADDRESSES: Alicia Woods, Washington State Parks and Recreation 
Commission, PO Box 42650, Olympia, WA 98504-2650, telephone (360) 902-
0939, email Alicia.Woods@parks.wa.gov.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Notice is here given in accordance with the 
Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 
U.S.C. 3003, of the completion of an inventory of human remains and 
associated funerary objects under the control of the Washington State 
Parks and Recreation Commission. The human remains and associated 
funerary objects were removed from Riverside State Park, in Spokane 
County, WA.
    This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's 
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003(d)(3). The 
determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the 
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the Native 
American human remains and associated funerary objects. The National 
Park Service is not responsible for the determinations in this notice.

Consultation

    A detailed assessment of the human remains and associated funerary 
objects was made by the Washington State Parks and Recreation 
Commission professional staff in consultation with representatives of 
the Coeur d'Alene Tribe (previously listed as the Coeur d'Alene Tribe 
of the Coeur d'Alene Reservation, Idaho) and the Spokane Tribe of the 
Spokane Reservation. The Kalispel Indian Community of the Kalispel 
Reservation was invited to consult but did not participate.

[[Page 50100]]

History and Description of the Remains

    From 1950 through 1953, human remains representing, at minimum, 
three individuals were removed from site 45-SP-5 in Spokane County, WA. 
The human remains were excavated by Louis R. Caywood of the National 
Park Service under a contract with the Washington State Parks and 
Recreation Commission. The human remains and associated funerary 
objects were identified in 2005, and were transferred from a storage 
facility in Seattle, WA, to the Washington State Parks and Recreation 
Commission headquarters in Olympia, WA, sometime after 2006. No known 
individuals were identified. The four associated funerary objects are 
mammal bone.
    During 1962 and 1963, human remains representing, at minimum, four 
individuals were removed from site 45-SP-5 in Spokane County, WA. The 
human remains were excavated by John D. Combes of Washington State 
University under a contract with the Washington State Parks and 
Recreation Commission. The human remains and associated funerary 
objects were identified in 2006, and were transferred from a storage 
facility in Seattle, WA, to the Washington State Parks and Recreation 
Commission headquarters in Olympia, WA, sometime after 2006. No known 
individuals were identified. The 120 associated funerary objects are 50 
stone flakes; 47 unmodified stones; 1 unmodified concretion; 5 
unmodified olivella shell; 4 lots of charcoal; 2 lots of mammal bone; 2 
lots of metal fragments; 4 lots of shell fragments; 4 lots of wood 
fragments; and 1 lot of plant material.
    At an unknown date, human remains representing, at minimum, one 
individual were removed from site 45-SP-5 in Spokane County, WA. In 
2008, the human remains were discovered in a storage building located 
adjacent to the site and were transferred to the Washington State Parks 
and Recreation Commission headquarters in Olympia, WA. No known 
individuals were identified. No associated funerary objects are 
present.
    The site is a burial ground that dates from before 1812 to 
approximately 1885. Based on the material recovered from a small 
percentage of the overall number of burials, it would appear the 
burials are associated with the ``immediate pre-contact, fur trade, or 
post-fur trade periods'' (Luttrell, 2011). These dates are supported by 
first-person accounts of the types and styles of burials during and 
following the fur trade era (Cox, 1957; Luttrell, 2011; Williams, 
1922). The human remains recovered from this site are incomplete and 
culturally non-diagnostic. Due to the nature of the site, the antiquity 
of the remains, the objects recovered with the remains, and the general 
nature and history of the overall site, the Washington State Parks and 
Recreation Commission staff has determined that, more likely than not, 
the eight individuals are of Native American ancestry.
    The Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission staff has 
determined there is a relationship of shared group identity between the 
human remains and associated funerary objects and the modern day tribes 
of the Coeur d'Alene Tribe (previously listed as the Coeur d'Alene 
Tribe of the Coeur d'Alene Reservation, Idaho); Kalispel Indian 
Community of the Kalispel Reservation; and the Spokane Tribe of the 
Spokane Reservation. This determination is based on ethnographic 
evidence that the Upper and Middle Spokane people predominantly resided 
in the area and utilized the resources of this site in the pre- and 
post-contact period. Connections between the three groups included 
intermarriage between the Spokane and Kalispel people and the Spokane 
and Coeur d'Alene people as well as shared linguistic heritage, 
overlapping trade networks, battle alliances, shared resource 
protection, cooperative hunting parties, and shared burial practices 
(especially between the Spokane and Kalispel peoples) (Fahey, 1986; 
Luttrell, 2011; Ruby and Brown, 1970 & 1981; Walker, 1998). 
Additionally, during consultation with the Spokane Tribe, 
representatives stated the site is a part of their people's traditional 
territory, and the burial ground is a sacred place of their people.

Determinations Made by the Washington State Parks and Recreation 
Commission

    Officials of the Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission 
have determined that:
     Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(9), the human remains described 
in this notice represent the physical remains of eight individuals of 
Native American ancestry.
     Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(3)(A), the 124 objects 
described in this notice are reasonably believed to have been placed 
with or near individual human remains at the time of death or later as 
part of the death rite or ceremony.
     Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(2), there is a relationship of 
shared group identity that can be reasonably traced between the Native 
American human remains and associated funerary objects and the Coeur 
d'Alene Tribe (previously listed as the Coeur d'Alene Tribe of the 
Coeur d'Alene Reservation, Idaho); Kalispel Indian Community of the 
Kalispel Reservation; and the Spokane Tribe of the Spokane Reservation.

Additional Requestors and Disposition

    Lineal descendants or representatives of any Indian tribe or Native 
Hawaiian organization not identified in this notice that wish to 
request transfer of control of these human remains and associated 
funerary objects should submit a written request with information in 
support of the request Alicia Woods, Washington State Parks and 
Recreation Commission, PO Box 42650, Olympia, WA 98504-2650, telephone 
(360) 902-0939, email Alicia.Woods@parks.wa.gov by by September 16, 
2013. After that date, if no additional requestors have come forward, 
transfer of control of the human remains and associated funerary 
objects to the Coeur d'Alene Tribe (previously listed as the Coeur 
d'Alene Tribe of the Coeur d'Alene Reservation, Idaho); Kalispel Indian 
Community of the Kalispel Reservation; and the Spokane Tribe of the 
Spokane Reservation may proceed.
    The Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission is responsible 
for notifying the Coeur d'Alene Tribe (previously listed as the Coeur 
d'Alene Tribe of the Coeur d'Alene Reservation, Idaho); Kalispel Indian 
Community of the Kalispel Reservation; and the Spokane Tribe of the 
Spokane Reservation that this notice has been published.

    Dated: July 24, 2013.
Sherry Hutt,
Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. 2013-20041 Filed 8-15-13; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4312-50-P



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