[Federal Register Volume 77, Number 133 (Wednesday, July 11, 2012)]
[Notices]
[Pages 40901-40904]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office 
[www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2012-16927]


-----------------------------------------------------------------------

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service

[NPS-WASO-NAGPRA-10538: 2200-1100-665]


Notice of Inventory Completion: Gregg County Historical Museum, Longview, 
TX

AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: The Gregg County Historical Museum has completed an inventory of 
human remains and associated funerary objects in consultation with the 
appropriate Indian tribe and has determined that there is a cultural 
affiliation between the human remains and associated funerary objects and 
a present-day Indian tribe. Representatives of any Indian tribe that 
believes itself to be culturally affiliated with the human remains and 
associated funerary objects may contact the Gregg County Historical 
Museum. Repatriation of the human remains and associated funerary objects 
to the Indian tribe stated below may occur if no additional claimants 
come forward.

DATES: Representatives of any Indian tribe that believes it has a 
cultural affiliation with the human remains and associated funerary 
objects should contact the Gregg County Historical Museum at the address 
below by August 10, 2012.

ADDRESSES: Neina Kennedy, Executive Director, Gregg County Historical 
Museum, 214 N. Fredonia Street, Longview, TX 75601, telephone (903) 753-
5840.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Notice is here given in accordance with the 
Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 
U.S.C. 3003, of the completion of an inventory of human remains and 
associated funerary objects in the possession of the Gregg County 
Historical Museum in Longview, TX. The human remains and associated 
funerary objects were removed from a total of 16 archeological sites, 
including 13 sites located in Gregg, Harrison, Red River, Rusk and Upshur 
counties in Texas and three sites of unknown county location 
within eastern Texas.
    This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's 
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003(d)(3). The 
determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the museum, 
institution, or Federal agency that has control of the Native American 
human remains and associated funerary objects.

[[Page 40902]]

The National Park Service is not responsible for the determinations in 
this notice.

Consultation

    A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by physical 
anthropology consultants (Angela Tine, Geo-Marine, Inc., and Nikki Dixon, 
The University of Texas at Arlington) in 2010 and 2011, working with the 
curator of the Buddy Jones collection at the Gregg County Historical 
Museum. A detailed assessment of the associated funerary objects was made 
by the professional staff of Archeological & Environmental Consultants, 
LLC, in conjunction with the curator of the Buddy Jones collection at the 
Gregg County Historical Museum. Both assessments were made in 
consultation with representatives of the Caddo Nation of Oklahoma.

History and Description of the Remains

    In 2002, the Buddy Calvin Jones collection, a privately-held 
collection of Native American human remains and artifacts, was donated to 
the Gregg County Historical Museum, Longview, TX. Buddy Calvin Jones was 
an avocational archeologist who later became a professional archeologist, 
and excavated numerous sites in eastern Texas. The collection contains 
human remains and associated funerary objects removed from a total of 16 
archeological sites, including 13 sites located in Gregg, Harrison, Red 
River, Rusk and Upshur counties in Texas and three sites of unknown 
location within eastern Texas.
    In 1963, human remains representing, at minimum, five individuals 
were removed from three burials at site 41GG50, in Gregg County, TX. The 
human remains from Burial 1 include one possibly male adult, one adult of 
unknown sex, and one juvenile of unknown sex. The human remains from 
Burial 6 include an occipital cranial bone fragment of one adult of 
unknown sex. The human remains from Burial 7 include one adult of unknown 
sex. No known individuals were identified. The 11 associated funerary 
objects are 5 ceramic vessels from Burial 1; 4 ceramic vessels form 
Burial 6; and 2 ceramic vessels form Burial 7. The burials date to A.D. 
1200-1400, the Middle Caddo period.
    In the late 1950s, human remains representing, at minimum, six 
individuals were removed from five burials at site 41HS269 (C.D. Marsh), 
in Harrison County, TX. The human remains from Burial 1 include two human 
molars of one individual of unknown age and sex. The human remains from 
Burial 2 include one adult of unknown sex, and a human medial cuneiform 
and other bone fragments of one individual of unknown age and sex. The 
human remains from Burial 4 include a postcranial human bone from one 
adult of unknown sex. The human remains from Burial 6 include one child 
of unknown sex. The human remains from Burial 7 include one individual of 
unknown age and sex. No known individuals were identified. The eight 
associated funerary objects are four ceramic vessels from Burial 1; 1 lot 
of miscellaneous sherds from Burial 2; 1 lot of miscellaneous sherds from 
Burial 4; 1 lot of miscellaneous sherds and lithic debris from Burial 6; 
and 1 ceramic vessel form Burial 7. The burials rang in date from A.D. 
1200-1400, the Middle Caddo period, through the middle-to-late 18th 
century.
    Between December 1961 and January 1962, human remains representing, 
at minimum, two individuals were removed from one burial at site 41RR16 
(Sam Kaufman), in Red River County, TX. The human remains from Burial 2 
include one child of unknown sex and fragments of one adult, possibly 
middle aged and female. No known individuals were identified. The three 
associated funerary objects are ceramic vessels from Burial 2. The burial 
dates to A.D. 1500-1600, the Late Caddo period.
    In 1957, human remains representing, at minimum, 19 individuals were 
removed from 16 burials at site 41UR315 (Henry Spencer), in Upshur 
County, TX. The site was a large cemetery known to have more than 40 
burials. The human remains from Burial 1 include one adult of unknown 
sex. The human remains from Burial 5 include 16 long bone fragments of 
one individual of unknown age and sex. The human remains from Burial 8 
include bone and dental fragments of one adult of unknown age and sex. 
The human remains from Burial 9 (or 11) include teeth and cranial 
fragments of one individual. The human remains from Burial 10 include 
teeth and skull fragments of one adult of unknown sex. The human remains 
from Burial 13 include teeth and bone fragments of two children of 
unknown sex. The human remains from Burial 18 (or 28) were comingled and 
include bone fragments and teeth of one child. The human remains from 
Burial 21 include bone fragments of one child of unknown sex. The human 
remains from Burial 22 include teeth and bone fragments of one child of 
unknown sex and two adults of unknown sex. The human remains from Burial 
27 include teeth and bone fragments of one adult of unknown sex. The 
human remains from Burial 31 include bone fragments of one adult of 
unknown age and sex. The human remains from Burial 36 include a long bone 
of one adult of unknown sex. The human remains from an unnumbered burial 
(Lot 102) include one tooth, miscellaneous cranial fragments and 
miscellaneous postcranial fragments from one adult of unknown sex. The 
human remains from an unnumbered burial (Lot 145) include teeth and seven 
bone fragments of one individual of unknown age and sex. The human 
remains from an unnumbered burial (UC 31/Lot 151) include two teeth of 
one individual of unknown age and sex. The human remains from an 
unnumbered burial (Lot 129) include one adult of unknown sex. No known 
individuals were identified. The 62 associated funerary objects are 5 
ceramic vessels from Burial 1; 6 ceramic vessels from Burial 5; 6 ceramic 
vessels from Burial 8; 2 ceramic vessels from Burial 9; 3 ceramic vessels 
from Burial 10; 3 ceramic vessels from Burial 13; 9 ceramic vessels from 
Burial 18; 1 ceramic vessel from Burial 21; 6 ceramic vessels and 2 
ceramic elbow pipes from Burial 22; 6 ceramic vessels from Burial 27; 3 
ceramic vessels from Burial 28; 2 ceramic vessels from Burial 31; 5 
ceramic vessels from Burial 36; 1 ceramic vessel from an unnumbered 
burial (Lot 102); 1 lot of miscellaneous sherds from an unnumbered burial 
(UC 31/Lot 151); and 1 ceramic vessel from an unnumbered burial (Lot 
129). The burials likely date to A.D. 1450-1650, the Late Caddo period.
    In 1954-1955, human remains representing, at minimum, three 
individuals were removed from three burials at site 41UR318 (Henry 
Williams), in Upshur County, TX. The site was a large cemetery known to 
have more than 36 burials. The human remains from Burial 17 include 
cranial bone fragments, a temporal bone, long bone fragments, burned bone 
fragments and a femur diaphysis of one individual of unknown age and sex. 
The human remains from an unnumbered burial (Lot 130) include bone and 
teeth of one adult of unknown sex. The human remains from an 
unnumbered burial (Lot 121) include bone fragments of one juvenile or 
adult of unknown sex. No known individuals were identified. The two 
associated funerary objects are a ceramic vessel from Burial 17 and 1 lot 
of miscellaneous sherds from an unnumbered burial (Lot 121). The burials 
date to A.D. 1500-1600, the Late Caddo period.
    In 1958, human remains representing, at minimum, three individuals 
were removed from three burials at site 41UR320 (Taft), in Upshur County, 
TX.

[[Page 40903]]

The site was a cemetery known to have six burials. The human remains from 
Burial 3 include molar crowns, incisor crowns and small bone fragments of 
one individual of unknown age and sex. The human remains from Burial 4 
include bone and teeth fragments of one individual of unknown age and 
sex. The human remains from an unnumbered burial (Lot 150) include teeth 
and bone fragments of one individual of unknown age and sex. No known 
individuals were identified. The 15 associated funerary objects are 11 
ceramic vessels from Burial 3, 3 ceramic vessels from Burial 4, and 1 
plain vessel from the unnumbered burial (Lot 150). The burials date from 
the period A.D. 1500-1600, the Late Caddo period.
    Sometime between the late 1950s and the mid-1960s, human remains 
representing, at minimum, one individual were removed from one burial at 
site GC 82 (on Hawkins Creek), in Gregg County, TX. The exact location of 
the burial is not specified in notes or records of the collection. The 
site was a cemetery known to have five burials. The human remains from 
Burial 5 include teeth, phalanges and bone fragments of one individual of 
unknown age and sex. No known individuals were identified. The one 
associated funerary object is a spool-necked bottle from Burial 5. The 
burial dates to A.D. 1500-1600, the Late Caddo period.
    In June 1955, human remains representing, at minimum, one individual 
were removed from one burial at site 41GG51 (Hawkins Creek), in Gregg 
County, TX. The human remains from an unnumbered burial include mandible 
fragment and teeth of one juvenile of unknown sex. No known individuals 
were identified. The one associated funerary object is one lot of 
miscellaneous sherds. The burial dates to A.D. 1200-1400, the Middle 
Caddo period.
    Sometime between the mid-1950s and mid-1960s, human remains 
representing at minimum, one individual were removed from one burial at 
site GC 10 (near Grace Creek), in Gregg County, TX. The exact location of 
the burial is not specified in notes or records of the collection. The 
human remains from the unnumbered burial include a human molar of one 
individual of unknown age and sex. No known individual was identified. No 
associated funerary objects are present. The burial dates to A.D. 1500-
1600, the Late Caddo period.
    In 1956, human remains representing at minimum, one individual were 
removed from one burial at an unknown site (Lot 169), in Rusk County, TX. 
The exact location of the burial is not specified in notes or records of 
the collection. The human remains from the unnumbered burial include a 
human tooth of one individual of unknown age and sex. No known individual 
was identified. The one associated funerary object is one lot of 
miscellaneous sherds. The burial dates to A.D. 1200-1400, the Middle 
Caddo period.
    In 1956, human remains representing at minimum, one individual were 
removed from one burial (Lot 170), in Rusk County, TX. The exact location 
of the burial is not specified in notes or records of the collection. The 
human remains from the unnumbered burial include 5 molars, other tooth 
fragments, and 15 unspecified bone fragments of one individual of unknown 
age and sex. No known individual was identified. The one associated 
funerary object is one lot of miscellaneous sherds. The burial dates to 
A.D. 1200-1400, the Middle Caddo period.
    In 1959, human remains representing, at minimum, one individual were 
removed from one burial at site M-6 Plummer (in Little Cypress Creek 
basin), in Upshur County, TX. The exact location of the burial is not 
specified in notes or records of the collection. The human remains from 
the unnumbered burial include cranium fragments and teeth of one 
individual of unknown age and sex. No known individuals were identified. 
The six associated funerary objects are five ceramic bowls and one 
ceramic bottle. The burial dates to A.D. 1500-1600, the Late Caddo 
period.
    In 1954, human remains representing, at minimum, one individual were 
removed from one burial at site 41UR319 (Starr Mound), in Upshur County, 
TX. The human remains from an unnumbered burial include rib fragments, 
teeth, and unknown bone fragments of one individual of unknown age and 
sex. No known individuals were identified. No associated funerary objects 
are present. The burial dates to A.D. 1500-
1600, the Late Caddo period.
    Sometime between the mid-1950s and mid-1960s, human remains 
representing, at minimum, one individual were removed from one burial 
at site TAS-C (in the Sabine River basin), in eastern Texas. The exact 
location of the burial is not specified in notes or records of the 
collection. The human remains from the unnumbered burial include a tooth 
of one adult of unknown sex. No known individuals were identified. The 
one associated funerary object is a ceramic vessel. The burial dates to 
A.D. 1500-1600, the Late Caddo period.
    At an unknown date between the mid-1950s and mid-1960s, human remains 
representing, at minimum, one individual were removed from one burial 
(Burial 36, Lot 134), in eastern Texas. The exact location of the burial 
is not specified in notes or records of the collection. The human remains 
from Burial 36, Lot 134 include teeth from one adolescent of unknown sex. 
No known individuals were identified. The three associated funerary 
objects are ceramic bowls. The burial dates to A.D. 1430-1680, the Late 
Caddo period.
    Sometime between the mid-1950s and mid-1960s, human remains 
representing, at minimum, four individuals were removed from four 
unnumbered burials in eastern Texas. The exact location of the burials is 
not specified in notes or records of the collection. The human remains 
from an unnumbered burial (Lot 133) include bone of one subadult of 
unknown age and sex. No known individuals were identified. The one 
associated funerary object is an engraved bowl. The burial dates to A.D. 
1430-1680, the Late Caddo period. The human remains from an unnumbered 
burial (Lot 116) include mandibular and molar fragments of one individual 
of unknown age and sex. No known individual was identified. The one 
associated funerary object is a brushed punctuated jar. The burial dates 
to A.D. 1430-1680, the Late Caddo period. The human remains from an 
unnumbered burial (Lot 160) include teeth and cranial fragments of one 
individual of unknown age and sex. No known individual was identified. 
The one associated funerary object is a brushed punctuated jar. The 
burial dates to A.D. 1500-1600, the Late Caddo period. The human remains 
from an unnumbered burial (Lot 167) include a human premolar, an 
unspecified rib fragment, and other unspecified bone fragments of one 
individual of unknown age and sex. No known individual was identified. 
The one associated funerary object is 1 lot of miscellaneous sherds. The 
burial dates to A.D. 1200-1400, the Middle Caddo period.
    The human remains and associated funerary objects described above are 
affiliated with the Caddo Nation of Oklahoma based on geographical and 
archeological evidence. Eastern Texas is part of the traditional 
homelands of the Caddo Nation of Oklahoma, based on over 100 years of 
archeological findings, historical and ethnographic records and documents 
that date as early as 1540, and the cultural traditions of the Caddo 
peoples themselves. Many of the burial positions-in rows with the body of 
the individual laid on an east-west axis and the head facing west-are 
consistent with Caddo burials in this part of eastern Texas. The 
associated funerary objects also suggest Caddo origins, based on the 
characteristic forms, methods of

[[Page 40904]]

manufacture and decoration styles that are distinctly Eastern Texas 
Caddo.

Determinations Made by the Gregg County Historical Museum

    Officials of the Gregg County Historical Museum have determined that:
     Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(9), the human remains described above 
represent the physical remains of 51 individuals of Native American 
ancestry.
     Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(3)(A), the 119 funerary objects described 
above are reasonably believed to have been placed with or near individual 
human remains at the time of death or later as part of the death rite or 
ceremony.
     Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(2), there is a relationship of shared 
group identity that can be reasonably traced between the Native American 
human remains and associated funerary objects and the Caddo Nation of 
Oklahoma.

Additional Requestors and Disposition

    Representatives of any Indian tribe that believes itself to be 
culturally affiliated with the human remains and associated funerary 
objects should contact Neina Kennedy, Executive Director, Gregg County 
Historical Museum, 214 N. Fredonia Street, Longview, TX 75601, telephone 
(903) 753-5840, before August 10, 2012. Repatriation of the human remains 
and associated funerary objects to the Caddo Nation of Oklahoma may 
proceed after that date if no additional claimants come forward.
    The Gregg County Historical Museum is responsible for notifying the 
Caddo Nation of Oklahoma that this notice has been published.

    Dated: June 7, 2012.
David Tarler,
Acting Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. 2012-16927 Filed 7-10-12; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4312-50-P


Back to the top