[Federal Register: August 25, 2010 (Volume 75, Number 164)]
[Notices]               
[Page 52369-52370]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr25au10-98]                         

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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service

 
Notice of Inventory Completion: Wisconsin Historical Society, 
Museum Division, Madison, WI

AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice.

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    Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves 
Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3003, of the 
completion of an inventory of human remains and an associated funerary 
object in the possession of the Wisconsin Historical Society (aka State 
Historical Society of Wisconsin), Museum Division, Madison, WI. The 
human remains and associated funerary

[[Page 52370]]

object are assumed to have been removed from Madeline Island, Ashland 
County, WI.

    This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's 
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003(d)(3). The 
determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the 
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the Native 
American human remains and associated funerary object. The National 
Park Service is not responsible for the determinations in this notice.
    A detailed assessment of the human remains was done by Wisconsin 
Historical Society professional staff in consultation with the Great 
Lakes Ojibwe Cultural Protection and Repatriation Alliance, a non-
federally recognized Indian group, and the Wisconsin Inter-tribal 
Repatriation Committee, a non-federally recognized Indian group with 
Federally-recognized member Indian tribes (Bad River Band of the Lake 
Superior Tribe of Chippewa Indians of the Bad River Reservation, 
Wisconsin; Lac Courte Oreilles Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians 
of Wisconsin; Lac du Flambeau Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians of 
Wisconsin; Red Cliff Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians of 
Wisconsin; St. Croix Chippewa Indians of Wisconsin; and the Sokaogon 
Chippewa Community, Wisconsin).
    At an unknown date, human remains representing a minimum of one 
individual were most likely removed from Madeline Island, Ashland 
County, WI, possibly by Al Galazen. No known individual was identified. 
The one associated funerary object is a soil matrix, which includes 
within it a textile fragment, trade beads, nail fragments, and metal 
fragments.
    In 2008, staff at the Madeline Island Museum located a box 
containing what appeared to be a soil matrix with burial related 
objects, including possible human remains. The box was transferred to 
the Wisconsin Historical Society, where professional staff examined the 
contents and positively identified the presence of human remains, 
representing a minimum of one individual. The textile fragment, beads, 
nails, and metal fragments were enveloped inside the soil matrix. 
Provenience information is limited to an inscription on the outside of 
the box, ``Madeline Island Al Galazen.'' Al Galazen (1903-1992) was a 
well-known collector from Madeline Island who donated most of his 
personal collection of archeological materials to the Madeline Island 
Museum. The individual is believed to be of Native American ancestry, 
based on the presence of trade beads within the soil matrix and the 
known collecting practices of the presumed donor, Al Galazen. The 
contents of the soil matrix date to the Historic Period.
    Consultation with the Great Lakes Ojibwe Cultural Protection and 
Repatriation Alliance and the Wisconsin Inter-tribal Repatriation 
Committee indicated that the Bad River Band of the Lake Superior Tribe 
of Chippewa Indians of the Bad River Reservation, Wisconsin, and Red 
Cliff Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians of Wisconsin, are known to 
have inhabited the region during the Historic Period. Further 
consultation resulted in the identification of the Red Cliff and Bad 
River Bands as being direct descendents of Chief Buffalo and the 
occupants of the village on Madeline Island (Treaty of La Pointe, 
1854). Finally, the Ojibwe bands consider Madeline Island to be sacred.
    Officials of the Wisconsin Historical Society, Museum Division, 
have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(9), the human remains 
described above represent the physical remains of one individual of 
Native American ancestry. Officials of the Wisconsin Historical 
Society, Museum Division, also have determined that, pursuant to 25 
U.S.C. 3001(3)(A), the one object described above is reasonably 
believed to have been placed with or near individual human remains at 
the time of death or later as part of the death rite or ceremony. 
Lastly, officials of the Wisconsin Historical Society, Museum Division, 
have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(2), there is a 
relationship of shared group identity that can be reasonably traced 
between the human remains and associated funerary object and the Bad 
River Band of the Lake Superior Tribe of Chippewa Indians of the Bad 
River Reservation, Wisconsin, and Red Cliff Band of Lake Superior 
Chippewa Indians of Wisconsin.
    Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to 
be culturally affiliated with the human remains should contact Jennifer 
L. Kolb, Wisconsin Historical Museum, 30 N. Carroll St., Madison, WI 
53703, telephone (608) 261-2461, before September 24, 2010. 
Repatriation of the human remains and associated funerary object to the 
Bad River Band of the Lake Superior Tribe of Chippewa Indians of the 
Bad River Reservation, Wisconsin, and Red Cliff Band of Lake Superior 
Chippewa Indians of Wisconsin, may proceed after that date if no 
additional claimants come forward.
    The Wisconsin Historical Society, Museum Division, is responsible 
for notifying the Federally-recognized member Indian tribes of the 
Wisconsin Inter-tribal Repatriation Committee: Bad River Band of the 
Lake Superior Tribe of Chippewa Indians of the Bad River Reservation, 
Wisconsin; Lac Courte Oreilles Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians 
of Wisconsin; Lac du Flambeau Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians of 
Wisconsin; Red Cliff Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians of 
Wisconsin; St. Croix Chippewa Indians of Wisconsin; and the Sokaogon 
Chippewa Community, Wisconsin; and the Great Lakes Ojibwe Cultural 
Protection and Repatriation Alliance, a non-federally recognized Indian 
group, that this notice has been published.

    Dated: August 19, 2010
David Tarler,
Acting Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. 2010-21192 Filed 8-24-10; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4312-50-S



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