FR Doc E8-18674[Federal Register: August 13, 2008 (Volume 73, Number 157)]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
National Park Service
Notice of Inventory Completion: Hastings Museum of Natural and
Cultural History, Hastings, NE
AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.
Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves
Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3003, of the
completion of an inventory of human remains in the possession of
Hastings Museum of Natural and Cultural History (Hastings Museum),
Hastings, NE. The human remains were removed from Stanley Mound, also
known as Parkin site (3CS29), Cross County, AR.
This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003 (d)(3).
The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the Native
American human remains. The National Park Service is not responsible
for the determinations in this notice.
A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by Hastings
Museum professional staff in consultation with representatives of the
Quapaw Tribe of Indians, Oklahoma.
On an unknown date, human remains representing a minimum of one
individual were removed from Stanley Mound in Cross County, AR. The
human remains were donated to the Hastings Museum by an unknown donor
and cataloged into the collection between 1926 and 1931. No known
individual was identified. Museum records state that three pottery
vessels were found with the human remains, but they were not
accessioned into the collection. No associated funerary objects are
The human remains are of Native American descent. Dental attrition
is consistent with an individual from the Mississippian period.
Research provided by the Quapaw Tribe of Indians, Oklahoma, conducted
through the Arkansas Archeological Survey, indicate that Stanley Mound
is also known as the Parkin site (3CS29). The Parkin site was first
excavated in 1879 and sits on land once owned by John Stanley (for
which the mound was named). The site is one of the best preserved
villages from the Mississippian period.
The Parkin site is a fortified village located on the St. Francis
River in northeastern Arkansas. The site consists of several mounds,
and plazas surrounded by rows of houses. The site has yielded thousands
of artifacts, including potsherds and complete grave pottery. Although
the pottery was not accessioned into the Hastings Museum collection,
the records show that they are consistent with other funerary objects
found at the Parkin site. Researchers suggest that the Parkin site
represents a late Mississippian chiefdom to the early Protohistoric
Period, an era spanning from A.D. 1350 to 1600. The site is believed to
be the village of Casqui, which was visited by Spanish explorer
Hernando de Soto. French documents dating to circa A.D. 1700, indicate
that the Quapaw were the only people to have villages along the St.
Francis River in eastern Arkansas. Quapaw oral tradition supports this
Officials of the Hastings Museum have determined that, pursuant to
25 U.S.C. 3001 (9-10), the human remains described above represent the
physical remains of one individual of Native American ancestry.
Officials of the Hastings Museum also have determined that, pursuant to
25 U.S.C. 3001 (2), there is a relationship of shared group identity
that can be reasonably traced between the Native American human remains
and the Quapaw Tribe of Indians, Oklahoma.
Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to
be culturally affiliated with the human remains should contact Teresa
Kreutzer-Hodson, Hastings Museum of Natural and Cultural History, PO
Box 11286, Hastings, NE 68902, telephone (402) 461-2399, before
September 12, 2008. Repatriation of the human remains to the Quapaw
Tribe of Indians, Oklahoma may proceed after that date if no additional
claimants come forward.
The Hastings Museum is responsible for notifying the Quapaw Tribe
of Indians, Oklahoma that this notice has been published.
Dated: July 22, 2008
Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. E8-18674 Filed 8-12-08; 8:45 am]
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