[Federal Register: September 11, 2002 (Volume 67, Number 176)]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
National Park Service
Notice of Inventory Completion for Native American Human Remains
in the Possession of the U.S. Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of
Investigation (FBI), Louisville, KY
AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.
Notice is hereby given in accordance with the provisions of the
Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 43 CFR
10.9, of the completion of an inventory of Native American human
remains in the possession of the U.S. Department of Justice, Federal
Bureau of Investigation (FBI), Louisville, KY.
This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 43 CFR 10.2 (c). The
determinations within this notice are the sole responsibility of the
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of these Native
American human remains. The National Park Service is not responsible
for the determinations within this notice.
A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by University
of Louisville Staff Archaeologist Philip J. DiBlasi in consultation
with representatives of the Absentee-Shawnee Tribe of Indians of
Oklahoma; Delaware Nation, Oklahama; Eastern Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma;
Miami Tribe of Oklahoma; Peoria Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma; and
Shawnee Tribe, Oklahoma.
On January 27, 1999, a human cranium was recovered by FBI agents
from Sean Adam Long. These human remains were purchased from Mr. Long
by FBI agents acting in an undercover capacity. On February 18, 1999, a
search warrant was executed at Mr. Long's home near Madisonville, KY.
Additional human remains were recovered by FBI agents during the
search. The human remains consist of two human crania and two human
teeth. One associated funerary object was also recovered during the
search. Osteological assessment of the human remains recovered on
January 27 and February 18, 1999, indicate that they represent five
individuals of Native American ancestry. No known individuals were
In an interview with agents on February 18, 1999, Mr. Long stated
that he purchased one cranium in Grayville, IL. Though Mr. Long later
recanted this statement, the FBI believes Mr. Long's original statement
to be true. Grayville is located in Edwards County, IL, and is
surrounded by numerous well-known Mississippian period (AD 1250-1700)
archeological sites. Archeological and historical evidence indicates
that the Mississippian period population living in the area of
Grayville, IL is ancestral to the present-day Peoria Tribe of Indians
A label on the interior of the box in which a second cranium was
recovered reads ``Crib Mound.'' Crib Mound is a well-known Hopewell
period (200 B.C.-A.D. 500) site located in Spencer County, IN. Crib
Mound has been the target of looters for decades and is now nearly
destroyed. Archeological and historical evidence indicates that the
Hopewell period population that lived at Crib Mound is ancestral to the
present-day Peoria Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma.
The determination of cultural affiliation for the remains of the
three other individuals and one associated funerary object is included
in a separate Federal Register notice.
On March 7, 2001, Sean Adam Long pleaded guilty in U.S. District
Court in Owensboro, KY to three counts of illegal trafficking in Native
American human remains [18 U.S.C. 1170 (a)] and one count of knowingly
making a materially false, fictitious, or fraudulent statement or
representation [18 U.S.C. 1001]. A single count of trafficking in
interstate or foreign commerce in archaeological resources the
excavation, removal, sale, purchase, exchange, transportation or
receipt of which was wrongful under State or local law [16 U.S.C. 470ee
(c)] was dismissed in return for Mr. Long's plea to making a false
statement to FBI agents.
Based on the above-mentioned information, FBI officials determined
that, pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2 (d)(1), the human remains listed above
represent the physical remains of two individuals of Native American
ancestry. FBI officials determined that, pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2 (e),
there is a relationship of shared group identity that can be reasonably
traced between these Native American human remains and the Peoria Tribe
of Indians of Oklahoma.
This notice has been sent to officials of the Absentee-Shawnee
Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma; Delaware Nation, Oklahoma; Delaware Tribe
of Indians, Oklahoma; Eastern Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma; Miami Tribe of
Oklahoma; Peoria Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma; and Shawnee Tribe,
Oklahoma. Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes
itself to be culturally affiliated with these human remains and
associated funerary object should contact Randy Ream, Assistant United
States Attorney, 510 West Broadway, 10th Floor, Louisville, KY 40202,
phone (502) 582-5911, before October 11, 2002. Repatriation of the
human remains and associated funerary object to the Peoria Tribe of
Indians of Oklahoma may begin after that date if no additional
claimants come forward.
Dated: August 1, 2002.
Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. 02-23025 Filed 9-10-02; 8:45 am]
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