[Federal Register: March 26, 2001 (Volume 66, Number 58)]
[Notices]
[Page 16490-16492]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr26mr01-85]

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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service

Notice of Inventory Completion for Native American Human Remains
and Associated Funerary Objects in the Possession of Chadron State
College, Chadron, NE

AGENCY: National Park Service.

ACTION: Notice.

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    Notice is hereby given in accordance with provisions of the Native
American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 43 CFR 10.9,
of the completion of an inventory of human remains and associated
funerary objects in the possession of Chadron State College, Chadron,
NE.
    This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 43 CFR 10.2 (c). The
determinations within this notice are the sole responsibility of the
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of these Native
American human remains and associated funerary objects. The National
Park Service is not responsible for the determinations within this
notice.
    A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by Rick
Weathermon of the University of Wyoming as consultant to Chadron State
College. The staff of Chadron State College has consulted with and
provided a report describing the findings of the University of Wyoming
assessments of the human remains and associated funerary objects to
representatives of the Apache Tribe of Oklahoma; Assiniboine and Sioux
Tribes of the Fort Peck Indian Reservation, Montana; Blackfeet Tribe of
the Blackfeet Indian Reservation of Montana; Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe
of the Cheyenne River Reservation, South Dakota; Cheyenne-Arapaho
Tribes of Oklahoma; Comanche Indian Tribe, Oklahoma; Crow Creek Sioux
Tribe of the Crow Creek Reservation, South Dakota; Crow Tribe of
Montana; Fort Sill Apache Tribe of Oklahoma; Jicarilla Apache Tribe of
the Jicarilla Apache Indian Reservation, New Mexico; Kiowa Indian Tribe
of Oklahoma; Lower Brule Sioux Tribe of the Lower Brule Reservation,
South Dakota; Mescalero Apache Tribe of the Mescalero Reservation, New
Mexico; Arapaho Tribe of the Wind River Reservation, Wyoming; Northern
Cheyenne Tribe of the Northern Cheyenne Indian Reservation, Montana;
Northwestern Band of Shoshoni Nation of Utah (Washakie); Oglala Sioux
Tribe of the Pine Ridge Reservation, South Dakota; Omaha Tribe of
Nebraska; Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma; Ponca Tribe of Indians of
Oklahoma; Ponca Tribe of Nebraska; Rosebud Sioux Tribe of the Rosebud
Indian Reservation, South Dakota; Santee Sioux Tribe of the Santee
Reservation of Nebraska; Shoshone Tribe of the Wind River Reservation,
Wyoming; Shoshone-Bannock Tribes of the Fort Hall Reservation of Idaho;
Shoshone-Paiute Tribes of the Duck Valley Reservation, Nevada; Spirit
Lake Tribe, North Dakota; Standing Rock Sioux Tribe of North and South
Dakota; Three Affiliated Tribes of the Fort Berthold Reservation, North
Dakota; and Yankton Sioux Tribe of South Dakota.

[[Page 16491]]

    At unknown dates, human remains representing eight individuals were
donated to Chadron State College. Circumstances involving the original
acquisitions of the human remains and associated funerary objects are
unknown. Based on other known collection practices, the human remains
and associated funerary objects may have been collected during student
field trips or as a result of inadvertent discovery by local ranchers,
farmers, or amateur archeologists in the following areas: Harding,
Pennington, Bennett, Perkins, Shannon, Lawrence, Jackson, Butte,
Custer, Todd, Meade, and Fall River counties in South Dakota; and
Dawes, Kimball, Morrill, Sheridan, Cherry, Scottsbluff, Cheyenne,
Arthur, Sioux, Grant, Keith, McPherson, Banner, Box Butte, and Hooker
counties in Nebraska. The remains were stored in the pathology
laboratory and earth science laboratory in the Chadron State College
Science and Mathematics building. No known individuals were identified.
The seven associated funerary objects include a vial of fabric
fragments and small glass trade beads; glass perfume bottles; brass
armbands or bracelets; a necklaces made of glass beads; brass beads;
bone hair pipes; and a projectile point found imbedded in an
individual.
    Based on osteological and historical information, the individuals
have been determined to be Native American. Analysis of funerary
objects associated with two of the individuals indicates that they were
interred after A.D. 1889. Based on analysis of a chert arrow point
found embedded in a third individual, the date of interment was between
the late prehistoric period and A.D. 1870. The five other individuals
were interred between the archaic period and the prehistoric period.
Based on historical records and archeological evidence, the Apache,
Comanche, Kiowa, Cheyenne, Arapaho, Sioux, Crow, Shoshone, Ute, Pawnee,
Omaha, Ponca, and Otoe have occupied, traveled through, or hunted in
the region proximate to Chadron State College, Agate Fossil Beds
National Monument and the Pine Ridge Reservation. Historic treaties,
land-claim cases, and other legal materials indicate that the Cheyenne,
Arapaho, Sioux, Crow, Omaha, Ponca, and Pawnee have legal connections
to the area. The Kiowa, Apache, Cheyenne, Arapaho, Sioux, Crow, Pawnee,
and Ponca have contemporary cultural connections to the area. A
conference was convened on December 4, 2000, by Chadron State College
for the purpose of discussing the cultural affiliation and repatriation
of the human remains and associated funerary objects in the possession
of the college. At this conference representatives from the Cheyenne
River Sioux Tribe of the Cheyenne River Reservation, South Dakota
provided oral history evidence of shared group identity and cultural
affiliation to the human remains. The Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe of the
Cheyenne River Reservation, South Dakota represents the Rosebud Sioux
Tribe of the Rosebud Indian Reservation, South Dakota; Oglala Sioux
Tribe of the Pine Ridge Reservation, South Dakota; Santee Sioux Tribe
of the Santee Reservation of Nebraska; and Yankton Sioux Tribes of
South Dakota in repatriation of all human remains and cultural items in
the possession and control of museums and Federal agencies, as
authorized in an inter-tribal Memorandum of Agreement.
    Based on the above-mentioned information, officials of the Chadron
State College have determined that, pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2 (d)(1), the
human remains listed above represent the physical remains of eight
individuals of Native American ancestry. Officials of the Chadron State
College have also determined that, pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2 (d)(2), the
seven objects listed above are reasonably believed to have been placed
with or near individual human remains at the time of death or later as
part of the death rite or ceremony. Lastly, officials of the Chadron
State College have determined that, pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2 (e), there
is a relationship of shared group identity that can be reasonably
traced between these Native American human remains and associated
funerary objects and the Apache Tribe of Oklahoma; Assiniboine and
Sioux Tribes of the Fort Peck Indian Reservation, Montana; Blackfeet
Tribe of the Blackfeet Indian Reservation of Montana; Cheyenne River
Sioux Tribe of the Cheyenne River Reservation, South Dakota; Cheyenne-
Arapaho Tribes of Oklahoma; Comanche Indian Tribe, Oklahoma; Crow Creek
Sioux Tribe of the Crow Creek Reservation, South Dakota; Crow Tribe of
Montana; Fort Sill Apache Tribe of Oklahoma; Jicarilla Apache Tribe of
the Jicarilla Apache Indian Reservation, New Mexico; Kiowa Indian Tribe
of Oklahoma; Lower Brule Sioux Tribe of the Lower Brule Reservation,
South Dakota; Mescalero Apache Tribe of the Mescalero Reservation, New
Mexico; Arapaho Tribe of the Wind River Reservation, Wyoming; Northern
Cheyenne Tribe of the Northern Cheyenne Indian Reservation, Montana;
Northwestern Band of Shoshoni Nation of Utah (Washakie); Oglala Sioux
Tribe of the Pine Ridge Reservation, South Dakota; Omaha Tribe of
Nebraska; Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma; Ponca Tribe of Indians of
Oklahoma; Ponca Tribe of Nebraska; Rosebud Sioux Tribe of the Rosebud
Indian Reservation, South Dakota; Santee Sioux Tribe of the Santee
Reservation of Nebraska; Shoshone Tribe of the Wind River Reservation,
Wyoming; Shoshone-Bannock Tribes of the Fort Hall Reservation of Idaho;
Shoshone-Paiute Tribes of the Duck Valley Reservation, Nevada; Spirit
Lake Tribe, North Dakota; Standing Rock Sioux Tribe of North and South
Dakota; Three Affiliated Tribes of the Fort Berthold Reservation, North
Dakota; and Yankton Sioux Tribe of South Dakota. This notice has been
sent to officials of the Apache Tribe of Oklahoma; Assiniboine and
Sioux Tribes of the Fort Peck Indian Reservation, Montana; Blackfeet
Tribe of the Blackfeet Indian Reservation of Montana; Cheyenne River
Sioux Tribe of the Cheyenne River Reservation, South Dakota; Cheyenne-
Arapaho Tribes of Oklahoma; Comanche Indian Tribe, Oklahoma; Crow Creek
Sioux Tribe of the Crow Creek Reservation, South Dakota; Crow Tribe of
Montana; Fort Sill Apache Tribe of Oklahoma; Jicarilla Apache Tribe of
the Jicarilla Apache Indian Reservation, New Mexico; Kiowa Indian Tribe
of Oklahoma; Lower Brule Sioux Tribe of the Lower Brule Reservation,
South Dakota; Mescalero Apache Tribe of the Mescalero Reservation, New
Mexico; Arapaho Tribe of the Wind River Reservation, Wyoming; Northern
Cheyenne Tribe of the Northern Cheyenne Indian Reservation, Montana;
Northwestern Band of Shoshoni Nation of Utah (Washakie); Oglala Sioux
Tribe of the Pine Ridge Reservation, South Dakota; Omaha Tribe of
Nebraska; Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma; Ponca Tribe of Indians of
Oklahoma; Ponca Tribe of Nebraska; Rosebud Sioux Tribe of the Rosebud
Indian Reservation, South Dakota; Santee Sioux Tribe of the Santee
Reservation of Nebraska; Shoshone Tribe of the Wind River Reservation,
Wyoming; Shoshone-Bannock Tribes of the Fort Hall Reservation of Idaho;
Shoshone-Paiute Tribes of the Duck Valley Reservation, Nevada; Spirit
Lake Tribe, North Dakota; Standing Rock Sioux Tribe of North and South
Dakota; Three Affiliated Tribes of the Fort Berthold Reservation, North
Dakota; and Yankton Sioux Tribe of South Dakota. Representatives of any
other Indian tribe that believes itself to be culturally affiliated
with these human remains and

[[Page 16492]]

associated funerary objects should contact Dr. Monty G. Fickel, Dean,
School of Mathematics and Science, Chadron State College, 1000 Main
Street, Chadron, NE 69337, telephone (308) 432-6293, before April 25,
2001. Repatriation of the human remains and associated funerary objects
to the Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe of the Cheyenne River Reservation,
South Dakota may begin after that date if no additional claimants come
forward.

    Dated: March 13, 2001.
John Robbins,
Assistant Director, Cultural Resources Stewardship and Partnerships
[FR Doc. 01-7380 Filed 3-23-01; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4310-70-F
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