[Federal Register: March 9, 2001 (Volume 66, Number 47)]
[Notices]
[Page 14207-14209]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr09mr01-98]

[[Page 14207]]

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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service

Notice of Inventory Completion for Native American Human Remains
and Associated Funerary Objects in the Possession of the Peabody Museum
of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA

AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice.

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    Notice is hereby given in accordance with provisions of the Native
American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 43 CFR 10.9,
of the completion of an inventory of human remains and associated
funerary objects in the possession of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology
and Ethnology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA.
    This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 43 CFR 10.2 (c). The
determinations within this notice are the sole responsibility of the
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of these Native
American human remains and associated funerary objects. The National
Park Service is not responsible for the determinations within this
notice.
    A detailed assessment of the human remains and associated funerary
objects was made by the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology
professional staff in consultation with representatives of Alabama-
Quassarte Tribal Town, Oklahoma; Kialegee Tribal Town, Oklahoma;
Muscogee (Creek) Nation, Oklahoma; Poarch Band of Creek Indians of
Alabama; and Thlopthlocco Tribal Town, Oklahoma.
    In 1858, a cultural item was recovered from a mound on Ossabaw
Island, Chatham County, GA, by A.M. Harrison. The item is an Irene
Complicated Stamped jar and was donated to the Peabody Museum of
Archaeology and Ethnology by Dorothy Merrick in 1965.
    Based on ceramic style, this jar is dated to the Irene phase of the
Late Mississippian period (A.D. 1300-1550). The cultural item has been
determined to be an associated funerary object because museum
documentation indicates that it contained human remains. The burial
context indicates that the burial was Native American. The Peabody
Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology is not in possession or control of
the human remains from this burial. Oral traditions, ethnohistorical
evidence, and archeological documentation indicate that the mound on
Ossabaw Island is located within the aboriginal and historic homelands
of the Creek Confederacy during the Irene phase of the Late
Mississippian period. The present-day tribes that are most closely
affiliated with members of the Creek Confederacy are Alabama-Quassarte
Tribal Town, Oklahoma; Kialegee Tribal Town, Oklahoma; Muscogee (Creek)
Nation, Oklahoma; Poarch Band of Creek Indians of Alabama; and
Thlopthlocco Tribal Town, Oklahoma.
    In 1896, Clarence B. Moore recovered cultural items from Ossabaw
Island, Middle Settlement, Mound A, Chatham County, GA, and donated the
items to the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology that same
year. The 31 items are 1 complete jar with stamped decorations
represented by 3 sherds, 1 large reconstructed bowl represented by 15
ceramic sherds, 1 large jar with stamped decorations, and 1 large jar
represented by 12 sherds.
    Based on ceramic style, the vessels are dated to the Irene phase of
the Late Mississippian period (A.D. 1300-1550). The cultural items have
been determined to be associated funerary objects because museum
documentation indicates that the vessels contained human remains. The
burial context indicates that the burials were Native American. The
Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology is not in possession or
control of the human remains from these burials. These vessels
contained additional funerary objects that are considered unassociated
funerary objects due to the absence of human remains. These
unassociated funerary objects are described in a Notice of Intent to
Repatriate. Oral traditions, ethnohistorical evidence, and
archeological documentation indicate that the Middle Settlement, Mound
A site is located within the aboriginal and historic homelands of the
Creek Confederacy during the Irene phase of the Late Mississippian
period. The present-day tribes that are most closely affiliated with
members of the Creek Confederacy are Alabama-Quassarte Tribal Town,
Oklahoma; Kialegee Tribal Town, Oklahoma; Muscogee (Creek) Nation,
Oklahoma; Poarch Band of Creek Indians of Alabama; and Thlopthlocco
Tribal Town, Oklahoma.
    In 1897, Clarence B. Moore recovered human remains representing one
individual from the ``Mound near Contentment'' site, McIntosh County,
GA, and donated these remains to the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and
Ethnology that same year. No known individual was identified. The 30
associated funerary objects are 1 undecorated ceramic jar represented
by 29 ceramic sherds, and 1 complete ceramic jar with check stamp
decoration.
    Based on the ceramic style of the vessels, the burial is dated to
the Savannah II phase of the Late Mississippian period (A.D. 1200-1300)
and the individual has been identified as Native American. Oral
traditions, ethnohistorical evidence, and archeological documentation
indicate that the ``Mound near Contentment'' site is located within the
aboriginal and historical homelands of the Creek Confederacy during the
Savannah II phase of the Late Mississippian period. The present-day
tribes that are most closely affiliated with members of the Creek
Confederacy are Alabama-Quassarte Tribal Town, Oklahoma; Kialegee
Tribal Town, Oklahoma; Muscogee (Creek) Nation, Oklahoma; Poarch Band
of Creek Indians of Alabama; and Thlopthlocco Tribal Town, Oklahoma.
    In 1897, Clarence B. Moore recovered cultural items from St.
Catherine's Island, ``Mound near South End Settlement'' site, Long
County, GA, and donated the items to the Peabody Museum of Archaeology
and Ethnology that same year. The 33 cultural items are 1 jar with
stamped decoration, 31 sherds from that vessel, and 1 large bowl.
    Based on ceramic style, these items are dated to the Irene phase of
the Late Mississippian period (A.D. 1300-1550). The cultural items have
been determined to be associated funerary objects because museum
documentation indicates that the vessels contained human remains. The
burial context indicates that the burial was Native American. The
Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology is not in possession or
control of the human remains from this burial. These vessels contained
additional funerary objects that are considered unassociated funerary
objects due to the absence of human remains. These unassociated
funerary objects are described in a Notice of Intent to Repatriate.
Oral traditions, ethnohistorical evidence, and archeological
documentation indicate that the ``Mound near South End Settlement''
site is located within the aboriginal and historic homelands of the
Creek Confederacy during the Irene phase of the Late Mississippian
period. The present-day tribes that are most closely affiliated with
members of the Creek Confederacy are Alabama-Quassarte Tribal Town,
Oklahoma; Kialegee Tribal Town, Oklahoma; Muscogee (Creek) Nation,
Oklahoma; Poarch Band of Creek Indians of Alabama; and Thlopthlocco
Tribal Town, Oklahoma.

[[Page 14208]]

    In 1897, Clarence B. Moore recovered cultural items from the
``Creighton Island-North End'' site, McIntosh County, GA, and donated
the items to the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology that same
year. The 91 items are 1 jar with stamped decorations and 50 sherds
from that vessel, and 1 jar with stamped decoration and 39 sherds from
that vessel.
    Based on ceramic style, these vessels are dated to the Late
Mississippian/Protohistoric period (A.D. 1300-1650). The cultural items
have been determined to be associated funerary objects because museum
documentation indicates that the vessels contained human remains. The
burial context indicates that these burials were Native American. The
Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology is not in possession or
control of the human remains from this burial. Oral traditions,
ethnohistorical evidence, and archeological documentation indicate that
the ``Creighton Island-North End'' site is located within the
aboriginal and historic homelands of the Creek Confederacy during the
Late Mississippian/Protohistoric period. The present-day tribes that
are most closely affiliated with members of the Creek Confederacy are
Alabama-Quassarte Tribal Town, Oklahoma; Kialegee Tribal Town,
Oklahoma; Muscogee (Creek) Nation, Oklahoma; Poarch Band of Creek
Indians of Alabama; and Thlopthlocco Tribal Town, Oklahoma.
    In 1897, Clarence B. Moore recovered cultural items from Ossabaw
Island, Middle Settlement, Mound A, Chatham County, GA, and donated the
items to the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology that same
year. The 11 items are 1 jar with stamped decoration, and 1 jar with
stamped decoration represented by 10 sherds.
    Based on ceramic style, these cultural items are dated to the Irene
phase of the Late Mississippian period (A.D. 1300-1550). The cultural
items have been determined to be associated funerary objects because
museum documentation indicates that the vessels contained human
remains. The burial context indicates that the burials were Native
American. The Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology is not in
possession or control of the human remains from these burials. Oral
traditions, ethnohistorical evidence, and archeological documentation
indicate that the Middle Settlement, Mound A site is located within the
aboriginal and historic homelands of the Creek Confederacy during the
Irene phase of the Late Mississippian period. The present-day tribes
that are most closely affiliated with members of the Creek Confederacy
are Alabama-Quassarte Tribal Town, Oklahoma; Kialegee Tribal Town,
Oklahoma; Muscogee (Creek) Nation, Oklahoma; Poarch Band of Creek
Indians of Alabama; and Thlopthlocco Tribal Town, Oklahoma.
    In 1898, Clarence B. Moore recovered human remains representing
five individuals from the ``Mounds 1 and 2 near Lake Bluff'' site, Long
County, GA, and donated these remains to the Peabody Museum of
Archaeology and Ethnology that same year. No known individuals were
identified. The 113 associated funerary objects are 1 undecorated bowl,
1 undecorated bowl represented by 15 ceramic sherds, 1 jar with stamped
decorations, 95 shell beads, 1 bottle of shell beads, and floral
remains.
    Based on ceramic style, the burial is dated to the Savannah II
phase of the Late Mississippian period (A.D. 1200-1300), and the
individuals have been identified as Native American. Oral traditions,
ethnohistorical evidence, and archeological documentation indicate that
the ``Mounds 1 and 2 near Lake Bluff'' site is located within the
aboriginal and historical homelands of the Creek Confederacy during the
Savannah II phase of the Late Mississippian period. The present-day
tribes that are most closely affiliated with members of the Creek
Confederacy are Alabama-Quassarte Tribal Town, Oklahoma; Kialegee
Tribal Town, Oklahoma; Muscogee (Creek) Nation, Oklahoma; Poarch Band
of Creek Indians of Alabama; and Thlopthlocco Tribal Town, Oklahoma.
    In 1916, human remains representing one individual were donated to
the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology by the Boston Society
of Natural History. No known individual was identified. No associated
funerary objects are present.
    The human remains were collected from an unknown locale in Georgia
by Dr. Josiah C. Nott. Museum documentation, which describes the human
remains as a ``Creek Chief,'' indicates that the individual is Native
American. The attribution of such a specific cultural affiliation to
the human remains also indicates that the interment postdates sustained
contact between indigenous groups and Europeans beginning in the 17th
century. Oral traditions, ethnohistorical evidence, and archeological
documentation indicate that Georgia was occupied by the Creek
Confederacy in historic times. The present-day tribes that are most
closely affiliated with members of the Creek Confederacy are Alabama-
Quassarte Tribal Town, Oklahoma; Kialegee Tribal Town, Oklahoma;
Muscogee (Creek) Nation, Oklahoma; Poarch Band of Creek Indians of
Alabama; and Thlopthlocco Tribal Town, Oklahoma.
    Based on the above-mentioned information, officials of the Peabody
Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology have determined that, pursuant to
43 CFR 10.2 (d)(1), the human remains described above represent the
physical remains of seven individuals of Native American ancestry.
Officials of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology also have
determined that, pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2 (d)(2), 143 of the objects
described above are reasonably believed to have been placed with or
near individual human remains at the time of death or later as part of
the death rite or ceremony, and 167 of the objects listed above are
reasonably believed to have been made to contain human remains. Lastly,
officials of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology have
determined that, pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2 (e), there is a relationship
of shared group identity that can be reasonably traced between these
Native American human remains and associated funerary objects and
Alabama-Quassarte Tribal Town, Oklahoma; Kialegee Tribal Town,
Oklahoma; Muscogee (Creek) Nation, Oklahoma; Poarch Band of Creek
Indians of Alabama; and Thlopthlocco Tribal Town, Oklahoma.
    This notice has been sent to officials of Alabama-Quassarte Tribal
Town, Oklahoma; Kialegee Tribal Town, Oklahoma; Muscogee (Creek)
Nation, Oklahoma; Poarch Band of Creek Indians of Alabama; and
Thlopthlocco Tribal Town, Oklahoma. Representatives of any other Indian
tribe that believes itself to be culturally affiliated with these human
remains and associated funerary objects should contact Barbara Isaac,
Repatriation Coordinator, Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology,
Harvard University, 11 Divinity Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02138, telephone
(617) 495-2254, before April 9, 2001. Repatriation of the human remains
and associated funerary objects to Alabama-Quassarte Tribal Town,
Oklahoma; Kialegee Tribal Town, Oklahoma; Muscogee (Creek) Nation,
Oklahoma; Poarch Band of Creek Indians of Alabama; and Thlopthlocco
Tribal Town, Oklahoma may begin after that date if no additional
claimants come forward.

[[Page 14209]]

    Dated: February 22, 2001.
John Robbins,
Assistant Director, Cultural Resources Stewardship and Partnerships.
[FR Doc. 01-5943 Filed 3-8-01; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4310-70-F
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