[Federal Register: March 9, 2001 (Volume 66, Number 47)]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
National Park Service
Notice of Inventory Completion for Native American Human Remains
and Associated Funerary Objects in the Possession of the Peabody Essex
Museum, Salem, MA
AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.
Notice is hereby given in accordance with provisions of the Native
American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 43 CFR 10.9,
of the completion of an inventory of human remains and associated
funerary objects in the possession of the Peabody Essex Museum, Salem,
This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 43 CFR 10.2 (c). The
determinations within this notice are the sole responsibility of the
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of these Native
American human remains and associated funerary objects. The National
Park Service is not responsible for the determinations within this
A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by Peabody
Essex Museum professional staff in consultation with representatives of
Hui Malama I Na Kupuna O Hawai`i Nei, Ka Lahui Hawai`i, and the Office
of Hawaiian Affairs.
Between 1820 and 1868, human remains representing a minimum of
three individuals were collected as part of a refuse bowl with human
teeth by Rev. Asa Thurston and his wife, Lucy Goodale. At an unknown
time, this bowl was sent to Goodale relatives in Marlboro, MA. In 1925,
the Goodale collection was purchased by Stephen W. Phillips and Mrs.
Stephen H. Phillips who donated the collection to the Peabody Essex
Museum the same year. No known individuals were identified. No
associated funerary objects are present.
Based on 43 CFR 10.2 (d)(2-4), Peabody Essex Museum officials have
determined that this refuse bowl is not an unassociated funerary
object, sacred object, or object of cultural patrimony. Human remains
are defined under NAGPRA regulations 43 CFR 10.2 (d)(1) as ``the
physical remains of the body of a person of Native American ancestry.''
The definition excludes from consideration under the statute human
remains or portions of human remains that may reasonably be determined
to have been freely given or naturally shed by the individual from
whose body the remains were obtained.
Based on historical and anthropological evidence, Peabody Essex
Museum officials have determined that these teeth were not freely given
or naturally shed from the individuals from whose bodies the teeth were
obtained. Based on this evidence, the definition in 43 CFR 10.2 (d)(1),
and regulatory critieria provided by the Departmental Consulting
Archeologist for consideration by the museum, Peabody Essex Museum
officials have determined these human remains are most likely those of
Native Hawaiians. In making this determination, the Peabody Essex
Museum also considered a previously published Notice of Inventory
Completion in which the Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum determined that
human teeth set into a refuse bowl and other similar objects such as
kahili and handles containing human remains are human remains for the
purposes of NAGPRA.
Based on the above-mentioned information, officials of the Peabody
Essex Museum have determined that, pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2 (d)(1), the
human remains listed above represent the physical remains of a minimum
of three individuals of Native American ancestry. Officials of the
Peabody Essex Museum also have determined that, pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2
(e), there is a relationship of shared group identity which can be
reasonably traced between these Native American human remains and Hui
Malama I Na Kupuna O Hawai`i Nei, Ka Lahui Hawai`i, and the Office of
This notice has been sent to officials of Hui Malama I Na Kupuna O
Hawai`i Nei, Ka Lahui Hawai`i, and the Office of Hawaiian Affairs.
Representatives of any other Native Hawaiian organization that believes
itself to be culturally affiliated with these human remains should
contact Christina Hellmich, Director of Collections Management, Peabody
Essex Museum, East India Square, Salem, MA 01970, telephone (978) 745-
1876, facsimile (978) 744-0036, before April 9, 2001. Repatriation of
the human remains to the Hui Malama I Na Kupuna O Hawai`i Nei, Ka Lahui
Hawai`i, and the Office of Hawaiian Affairs may begin after that date
if no additional claimants come forward.
Dated: February 21, 2001.
Assistant Director, Cultural Resources Stewardship and Partnerships.
[FR Doc. 01-5947 Filed 3-8-01; 8:45 am]
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