[Federal Register: December 29, 2000 (Volume 65, Number 251)]
[Notices]
[Page 83079-83081]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr29de00-99]

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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service

Notice of Inventory Completion for Native American Human Remains
and Associated Funerary Objects in the Possession of the Arizona State
Museum, Tucson, AZ, and in the Control of the Bureau of Indian Affairs

AGENCY: National Park Service

ACTION: Notice

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    Notice is hereby given in accordance with provisions of the Native
American

[[Page 83080]]

Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 43 CFR 10.9, of the
completion of an inventory of human remains and associated funerary
objects in possession of the Arizona State Museum, Tucson, AZ, and in
the control of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
    This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 43 CFR 10.2 (c). The
determinations within this notice are the sole responsibility of the
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of these Native
American human remains and associated funerary objects. The National
Park Service is not responsible for the determinations within this
notice.
    A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by the Arizona
State Museum professional staff and Bureau of Indian Affairs
professional staff in consultation with representatives of the Gila
River Indian Community of the Gila River Indian Reservation, Arizona;
the Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community of the Salt River
Reservation, Arizona; the Ak Chin Indian Community of the Maricopa (Ak
Chin) Indian Reservation, Arizona; the Tohono O'odham Nation of
Arizona; the Hopi Tribe of Arizona; and the Pueblo of Zuni. The Pueblo
of Zuni has withdrawn from this consultation. The Gila River Indian
Community of the Gila River Indian Reservation, Arizona is acting on
behalf of the Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community of the Salt
River Reservation, Arizona; the Ak Chin Indian Community of the
Maricopa (Ak Chin) Indian Reservation, Arizona; the Tohono O'odham
Nation of Arizona; and themselves.
    In 1934-35, human remains representing five individuals were
removed during excavations conducted by the Gila Pueblo Foundation of
Arizona at the Snaketown Site (AZ:U:13:1 ASM) on the Gila River Indian
Reservation, Pinal County, AZ. No known individuals were identified.
The seven associated funerary objects are three pottery jars, one stone
bead, one turquoise piece, two pottery bowls, and a figurine fragment.
    In 1964-65, human remains representing 100 individuals were removed
during excavations at the Snaketown Site (AZ:U:13:1 ASM) by University
of Arizona staff. Four individuals consisted of inhumations, the
remainder were removed from 97 cremation features. No known individuals
were identified. The 5,543 associated funerary objects are 125 pottery
sherds, 4 ceramic scoops, 21 pottery jars and jar fragments, 24 pottery
bowls and bowl fragments, 3 plates and plate fragments, 1 pottery seed
jar, 9 shells, 3,105 shell beads, 1,225 shell fragments, 11 shell
artifacts, 1 shell artifact fragment, 1 shell bracelet, 74 shell
bracelet fragments, 5 shell pendants, 1 shell ring, 10 bone tube
fragments, 102 stone beads, 3 censers, 449 shell or stone beads, 3
turquoise pieces, 2 turquoise pendants, 1 stone pendant, 5 bone hair
ornaments, 43 whole and fragmentary antler artifacts, 1 bone awl, 153
bone awl fragments, 10 bone artifact fragments, 2 pillow-shaped pieces,
1 polishing stone, 1 core, 1 pecking stone, 1 tabular knife, 1 hoe
fragment, 1 stone scraper-chopper, 1 abrader, 2 reamers, 3 manos, 1
scraper, 1 hammerstone, 4 crystals, 2 medicine stones, 1 stone bowl, 5
figurine fragments, 15 stone palettes and palette fragments, 54
projectile points, 5 projectile point fragments, 49 unworked faunal
bones and bone fragments, and 1 group of plant remains.
    The archeological evidence, including characteristics of portable
material culture, attributes of ceramic styles, domestic and ritual
architecture, site organization, and canal-based agriculture of the
settlement, places the Snaketown Site within the archeologically-
defined Hohokam tradition and within the Phoenix Basin local variant of
that tradition. The occupation of the Snaketown Site spans the years
circa A.D. 500/700-1100/1150.
    In 1964-1965, human remains representing three individuals were
removed during joint University of Arizona Department of Anthropology
and Arizona State Museum excavations at site AZ:U:13:22 ASM, Gila River
Indian Reservation, Pinal County, AZ. No known individuals were
identified. The two associated funerary objects are a bowl fragment and
a ceramic sherd.
    The archeological evidence, including characteristics of portable
material culture, attributes of ceramic styles, domestic and ritual
architecture, site organization, and canal-based agriculture of the
settlement, places AZ U:13:22 within the archeologically-defined
Hohokam tradition and within the Phoenix Basin local variant of that
tradition. The occupation of AZ:U:13:22 ASM spans the years circa A.D.
1150-1350.
    In 1964-1965, human remains representing 15 individuals were
removed during joint University of Arizona Department of Anthropology
and Arizona State Museum excavations at AZ:U:13:24 ASM, Gila River
Indian Reservation, Pinal County, AZ. No known individuals were
identified. The 165 associated funerary objects are 7 pottery jars, 1
bowl, 2 sherds, 1 projectile point, and 153 beads.
    The archeological evidence, including characteristics of portable
material culture, attributes of ceramic styles, domestic and ritual
architecture, site organization, and canal-based agriculture of the
settlement, places AZ U:13:24 ASM within the archeologically-defined
Hohokam tradition and within the Phoenix Basin local variant of that
tradition. The occupation of AZ:U:13:24 ASM spans the years circa
A.D.1150-1350/1400.
    In 1963, human remains representing 29 individuals were removed
during I-10 Highway Salvage Project excavations at site AZ:U:13:9 ASM
by Arizona State Museum staff Alfred E. Johnson. This site is located
approximately one mile north of Bapchule, at the southwestern corner of
Gila Butte, Gila River Indian Reservation, Pinal County, AZ. No known
individuals were identified. The 141 associated funerary objects are 98
bone artifacts, 9 bowls, 8 jars, 1 pitcher, 1 plate, 4 reconstructable
bowls, 3 reconstructable jars, 4 hammerstones, 2 shell pendants, 1
shell fragment, and 10 sherds.
    Based upon architecture, portable material culture, and site
organization, occupation at site AZ U:13:9 ASM has been dated to
approximately A.D.700-1350/1400.
    In 1963, human remains representing 16 individuals were removed
during I-10 Highway Salvage Project excavations at site AZ U:13:11 ASM
by Arizona State Museum staff Alfred E. Johnson. This site is located
approximately 0.5 mile north of Bapchule, Gila River Indian
Reservation, Pinal County, AZ. The 17 associated funerary objects are 1
pottery bowl, 5 jars, 1 scoop, 1 reconstructable jar, 3 jar fragments,
and 6 sherds.
    The archeological evidence, including characteristics of portable
material culture, attributes of ceramic styles, domestic and ritual
architecture, site organization, and canal-based agriculture of the
settlement, places AZ U:13:11 within the archeologically-defined
Hohokam tradition. The occupation of AZ U:13:11 spans the years circa
A.D. 1150-1300.
    In 1969, human remains representing three individuals were removed
from site AZ U:13:27 ASM during excavations associated with the
construction of the Sacaton municipal hospital, Sacaton, Gila River
Reservation, Pinal County, AZ, by Arizona State Museum staff. No known
individuals were identified. The five associated funerary objects are a
shell bracelet, a shell pendant, a stone knife, a stone palette, and a
ring.
    The archeological evidence, including characteristics of portable
material

[[Page 83081]]

culture, attributes of ceramic styles, domestic and ritual
architecture, site organization, and canal-based agriculture of the
settlement, places AZ U:13:27 ASM within the archeologically-defined
Hohokam tradition and within the Phoenix Basin local variant of that
tradition. The occupation of AZ U:13:27 spans the years circa A.D.750-
1350/1400.
    At an unknown date, human remains representing one individual were
recovered from Upper Sacaton Village (AZ U:14:8 ASM), Gila River Indian
Reservation, Pinal County, AZ, by an unknown person. At an unknown
time, these remains were donated to the Arizona State Museum by an
unknown person. No known individual was identified. No associated
funerary objects are present.
    Based on architecture, portable material culture including red-on-
buff and polychrome ceramics, and site organization, AZ U:14:8 ASM has
been identified as a Hohokam site. The occupation of AZ U:14:8 ASM
spans the years circa A.D.775-1500.
    At unknown and, presumably, separate dates prior to 1967, human
remains representing four individuals were removed from three cremation
features at unknown sites in the vicinity of Sacaton, Gila River Indian
Community, Pinal County, AZ, by an unknown person or persons. These
remains were donated to the Arizona State Museum by unknown persons in
1967. No known individuals were identified. The three associated
funerary objects are the jars in which the remains had been placed
subsequent to cremation.
    Based on characteristics of the mortuary program, these burials
have been identified as having a high probability of association with
the Hohokam archeological tradition.
    In 1971, human remains representing three individuals were removed
from surface contexts within the Gila River Indian Community, Pinal
County, AZ, by Donald Wood, Arizona State Museum staff. No known
individuals were identified. No associated funerary objects are
present.
    Based on characteristics of the mortuary program, these burials
have been identified as having a high probability of association with
the archeologically-defined Hohokam tradition.
    Continuities of ethnographic materials and technology indicate
affiliation of Hohokam settlements with present-day O'odham (Piman),
Pee Posh, and Puebloan cultures. Oral traditions documented for the
Gila River Indian Community of the Gila River Indian Reservation,
Arizona; the Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community of the Salt
River Reservation, Arizona; the Ak Chin Indian Community of the
Maricopa (Ak Chin) Indian Reservation, Arizona; the Tohono O'odham
Nation of Arizona; the Hopi Tribe of Arizona; and the Pueblo of Zuni
support affiliation with Hohokam sites in central Arizona.
    Based on the above-mentioned information, officials of the Arizona
State Museum and the Bureau of Indian Affairs have determined that,
pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2 (d)(1), the human remains listed above
represent the physical remains of 179 individuals of Native American
ancestry. Officials of the Arizona State Museum and the Bureau of
Indian Affairs also have determined that, pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2
(d)(2), the 5,899 objects listed above are reasonably believed to have
been placed with or near individual human remains at the time of death
or later as part of the death rite or ceremony. Lastly, officials of
the Arizona State Museum and the Bureau of Indian Affairs have
determined that, pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2 (e), there is a relationship
of shared group identity that can be reasonably traced between these
Native American human remains and associated funerary objects and the
Gila River Indian Community of the Gila River Indian Reservation,
Arizona; the Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community of the Salt
River Reservation, Arizona; the Ak Chin Indian Community of the
Maricopa (Ak Chin) Indian Reservation, Arizona; the Tohono O'odham
Nation of Arizona; the Hopi Tribe of Arizona; and the Pueblo of Zuni.
    This notice has been sent to officials of the Gila River Indian
Community of the Gila River Indian Reservation, Arizona; the Salt River
Pima-Maricopa Indian Community of the Salt River Reservation, Arizona;
the Ak Chin Indian Community of the Maricopa (Ak Chin) Indian
Reservation, Arizona; the Tohono O'odham Nation of Arizona; the Hopi
Tribe of Arizona; and the Pueblo of Zuni. Representatives of any other
Indian tribe that believes itself to be culturally affiliated with
these human remains and associated funerary objects should contact Lynn
S. Teague, Repatriation Coordinator, Arizona State Museum, University
of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, telephone (520) 621-4795, before January
29, 2001. Repatriation of the human remains and associated funerary
objects to the Gila River Indian Community of the Gila River Indian
Reservation, Arizona; the Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community of
the Salt River Reservation, Arizona; the Ak Chin Indian Community of
the Maricopa (Ak Chin) Indian Reservation, Arizona; the Tohono O'odham
Nation of Arizona; the Hopi Tribe of Arizona; and the Pueblo of Zuni
may begin after that date if no additional claimants come forward.

    Dated: December 14, 2000.
John Robbins,
Assistant Director, Cultural Resources, Stewardship, and Partnerships.
[FR Doc. 00-33272 Filed 12-28-00; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4310-70-F
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