[Federal Register: April 22, 1996 (Volume 61, Number 78)]
[Notices]
[Page 17720]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]

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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

Notice of Inventory Completion for Native American Human Remains
and Associated Funerary Objects in the Control of Grand Portage
National Monument, National Park Service, Grand Marais, MN

AGENCY: National Park Service

ACTION: Notice

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    Notice is hereby given in accordance with provisions of the Native
American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C.
3003 (d), of the completion of the inventory of human remains and
associated funerary objects in the control of the National Park Service
at Grand Portage National Monument, Grand Marais, MN.
    A detailed assessment of the human remains and associated funerary
objects was made by National Park Service professional staff and
presented in writing to the Chairman of the Grand Portage Reservation
Business Committee. The National Park Service has received no official
reply.
    In 1962, four historical burials were excavated on a low hill on
Grand Portage Creek within the monument boundaries by representatives
of the Minnesota Historical Society. Human remains and associated
funerary objects were recovered and taken by the Minnesota Historical
Society to St. Paul for analysis. Most of the human remains were
returned to Grand Portage National Monument in 1968. These human
remains were subsequently destroyed in the Great Hall fire of 1969.
    The human remains retained by the Minnesota Historical Society
represent a minimum of two individuals. No known individuals were
identified. The 11,000 objects found with the four original burials
include glass trade beads, trade silver and brass jewelry, iron knives,
textile fragments, birch bark, clay pipe fragments, and non-human bone
fragments. These objects indicate the burials date between 1800-1825.
Ethnographic information gathered at the time of the original
excavation identified the hillside burial location as being consistent
with traditional Chippewa practice. The burial site is also within the
traditional-use lands of Grand Portage village, a permanent occupation
of the Grand Portage Band during the time of these burials.
    Based on the above mentioned information, officials of the Grand
Portage National Monument have determined that, pursuant to 43 CFR 10
(d)(1), the human remains listed above represent the physical remains
of at least two individuals of Native American ancestry. Monument
officials have also determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (3)(A)
and (B) the 11,000 items listed above are reasonably believed to have
been placed with or near individual human remains at the time of death
or later as part of the death rite or ceremony. Lastly, monument
officials have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (2), there
is a relationship of shared group identity which can be reasonably
traced between the human remains and funerary objects and the Grand
Portage Reservation Business Committee.
    This notice has been sent to officials of the Grand Portage
Reservation Business Committee. Representatives of any other Indian
tribe that believes itself to be culturally affiliated with these human
remains and associated funerary objects should contact Dean C.
Einwalter, Superintendent, Grand Portage National Monument, P.O. Box
668, Grand Marais, MN 55604; telephone (218) 387-2788 before May 22,
1996. Repatriation of the human remains and associated funerary objects
to the Grand Portage Reservation Business Committee may begin after
that date if no additional claimants come forward.
Dated: April 16, 1996
Francis P. McManamon
Departmental Consulting Archeologist
Chief, Archeology and Ethnography Program
[FR Doc. 96-9786 Filed 4-19-96; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4310-70-F
[FR Doc. 96-9758 Filed 4-19-96; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4210-33-P

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