This report documents archeological field inventory at two early/mid-nineteenth
century farmsteads at Cuyahoga Valley National Recreation Area in Summit County,
The farmsteads are currently known by the names of their primary, historic
owners. Both the Brown/Bender and Hammond/Cranz farmsteads currently consist
of clusters of buildings and a core area of farm land. Both farmsteads are
the National Register of Historic Places.
Fieldwork was conducted at the
sites in 1994 in response to plans to adaptively restore the currently vacant
structures through a historic leasing program. Data on the archeological resources
of the farmsteads were collected for use in ongoing planning efforts. Project
field methodology consisted primarily of interval shovel testing across the
grounds adjacent to the existing buildings. Laboratory methods focused on
developing data on artifact distribution for graphical presentation to assist planners in
protecting and avoiding significant archeological deposits as the proposed
restorations are undertaken.
Potentially significant archeological deposits
and previously unrecorded, buried architectural features were recorded at both
locations. The distribution of archeological deposits across the grounds at both
farmsteads was found to be highly patterned. Subsurface deposits are associated
with both extant and non-extant historic structures. At both farmsteads,
prehistoric as well as historic materials were recorded. This situation is typical
at Cuyahoga Valley National Recreation Area; early historic farms were commonly
built on locations extensively utilized in prehistoric settlement systems.
The report summarizes the results of the 1994 archeological inventory efforts,
with emphasis placed on the distribution of archeological materials across the
project areas. Since data are primarily restricted to materials recovered through
limited surface reconnaissance and interval shovel testing, the artifact
collections from the sites are not analyzed in detail. Instead the artifacts are
tabulated and considered in a more general fashion.