12. Mound City, Ohio, Archeological Investigations.
Lynott, Mark J.
and Susan M. Monk
Archeological investigations were conducted at Mound City Group National
Monument during the week of September 13-17, 1982. The primary purpose of
the study was to inventory and evaluate archeological resources which might
be present in a 49.83 acre tract to the north of the National Monument
boundary. This tract of land is owned by the Federal government and
managed by the General Services Administration, and was identified as
surplus property. Limited archeological reconnaissance of this tract had
indicated that archeological remains are present (Richner 1981). The field
investigations were initiated with the objective of determining the number,
location and significance of archeological remains within the tract, with
particular attention to the relationship of those archeological resources
to the earthworks at the nearby Mound City Group.
The mounds and earthworks at Mound City have been recognized as significant
to the interpretation of the archeological record in southern Ohio for over
100 years. Early archeological investigations by Squier and Davis (1848)
brought the earthworks to the attention of the scientific community.
Although the earthworks and mounds were severely damaged during the
construction of Camp Sherman during World War 1, post-war excavations
revealed additional archeological data that documented the significance of
the site (Mills 1922; Shetrone and Spetnagel 1927). Mound City Group
National Monument was established by the proclamation of President Harding
(Proclamation No. 1653, March 2, 1923) to preserve and interpret the
Hopewellian Culture. The archeological investigations reported here were
designed to investigate archeological resources adjacent to the mound group
and determine the relationship of those resources to Mound City....
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