• # Mount Rushmore

### National Memorial South Dakota

There are park alerts in effect.
• #### No sculpture illumination October 6, 7 and 8, 2014

Due to replacement of the lighting system, the sculpture will not be illuminated on October 6, 7 and 8, 2014. The mountain will be illuminated for 30 minutes, beginning 1/2 hour after sunset, October 1- 5, and will resume nightly on October 9, 2014.

# Curriculum Materials

Lesson plans for Mount Rushmore National Memorial are available at the following link:
http://archive.cyark.org/education-lesson-plans

Scroll down to Lesson Plans 17 through 26 to find plans for Mount Rushmore.

## Geometry at Mount Rushmore

Shapes are everywhere! Explore »

## Math at Mount Rushmore for Grades 3, 4 and 5

Shapes, grids and symmetry. Explore »

## Math at Mount Rushmore for Grades 6, 7 and 8

Explore the scale and volume of Mount Rushmore. Explore »

## Math at Mount Rushmore for Grades 9, 10, 11 and 12

Calculate the weight of Mount Rushmore and predict fracture intersections. Explore »

## Carving Tools at Mount Rushmore for Grades K, 1 and 2

Learn about the tools used to carve Mount Rushmore. Explore »

## Carving Tools at Mount Rushmore for Grades 3, 4 and 5

How did they carve Mount Rushmore? Learn which tools were used and when. Explore »

## Mount Rushmore as Scuplture

Create your own Mount Rushmore! Explore »

## Designing a Monument

If you were the artist, what kind of scuplture would you create? Explore »

## Preservation at Mount Rushmore

How do you take care of a sculpture like Mount Rushmore? Explore »

## 3D Modeling and Scale

How large is Mount Rushmore? Use a model to calculate scale. Explore »

## Results

### 3D Modeling and Scale

Construct a topographic model of Mount Rushmore. After the model is completed, students use concepts of scale and proportion (similarity concept in math) to calculate the scale of their model by comparing to real-life measurements.

### Preservation at Mount Rushmore

Learn about the various preservation concerns at Mount Rushmore. By learning to recognize the various types of rocks found in Mount Rushmore and their different characteristics and varying rates of erosion, students will be able to understand the complexity of caring for a monument like Mount Rushmore.

### Designing a Monument

Students utilize resources available in the art classroom to recreate the Mount Rushmore Sculpture, or design their own version, where they choose the four figures from history they feel should be represented by the monumental sculpture. Students will present their final art piece to the classroom with a persuasive argument for their choices of the figures.

### Mount Rushmore as Scuplture

Recreate the Mount Rushmore sculpture with accuracy in mind but using non-traditional sculpture materials. Use drawings and 3D content to get an understanding of the 3-dimensional volumes of the model for accuracy.

### Carving Tools at Mount Rushmore for Grades 3, 4 and 5

Learn about the marks that carving tools make. Students will learn about the processes of rock removal at Mount Rushmore and understand why the different tools were used at each point of the process.

### Carving Tools at Mount Rushmore for Grades K, 1 and 2

Students will practice identifying and correctly naming geometric shapes within Mount Rushmore. Students will learn about the marks that carving tools make. Students will also learn about the processes of rock removal at Mount Rushmore and why the different tools were used at each point of the process.

### Math at Mount Rushmore for Grades 9, 10, 11 and 12

Students calculate an estimate the weight of Mount Rushmore by calculating the volume using cross sections of the model, then use density of stone to finally arrive at a rough estimate of the weight. Finally, students calculate when two cracks on the surface of the sculpture would intersect over time.

### Math at Mount Rushmore for Grades 6, 7 and 8

Students recognize shapes in Mount Rushmore, whether it’s 2D shapes through a series of 2D drawings, or 3D shapes through measurable PDF’s of the 3D model of Mount Rushmore. Learners use geometric formulas to calculate the volumes of these shapes based on scaled representations and effectively use understanding of scale to translate these calculations to life-size.

### Math at Mount Rushmore for Grades 3, 4 and 5

Students learn that more complex shapes can be partitioned into smaller, simpler, geometric shapes. Learners will be able to understand the concept of grids and symmetry, and be able to use them to make basic or more advanced area calculations.

### Geometry at Mount Rushmore

Students find simple geometric shapes in objects around them. Students will practice identifying and correctly naming geometric shapes within Mount Rushmore. Students should already be familiar with geometric shapes and their names.

## Did You Know?

Mount Rushmore is named after New York City attorney Charles E. Rushmore, who came to the Black Hills in 1884-85 to check legal titles on properties. On returning to Pine Camp he asked Bill Challis the name of this mountain. Bill replied, "Never had a name but from now on we'll call it Rushmore."