• Mount Rainier peeks through clouds, viewed across subalpine wildflowers and glacial moraine.

    Mount Rainier

    National Park Washington

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Subalpine Wildflowers - Yellow/Orange

 
Bracted Lousewort

Bracted Lousewort

NPS, Crow Vecchio

Bracted Lousewort/Wood Betony
Pedicularis bracteosa

Stem and leaves are hairless, with leaves divided into slender, toothed lobes. Flowers can sometimes be tinged purple, but usually appear yellowish. Growing to a height of 40 inches (100 cm), it is the tallest Lousewort species found in the park.

 
Broadleaf Arnica

Broadleaf Arnica

NPS Photo, Steve Redman

Broadleaf Arnica
Arnica latifolia

A common subalpine species; it can be found growing alone or in clustered groups formed from spreading rootstock. Stems reach about 20 inches (50 cm) in height, with oval, toothed leaves.

 
Cascade Stonecrop

Cascade Stonecrop

NPS, Crow Vecchio

Cascade Stonecrop
Sedum divergens

Also known as Spreading Stonecrop, this plant grows to form spreading mats. Stems have thick bright green leaves, sometimes tinged with red. Usually found growing on cliff faces and stony slopes.

 
Fan-leaf Cinquefoil

Fan-leaf Cinquefoil

NPS Photo

Fan-leaf Cinquefoil
Potentilla flabellifolia

A low, clustered perennial, with basal leaves with three, coarsely toothed leaflets. Common in higher elevation subalpine areas such as the Sunrise area.

 
Glacier Lily pushing through snow (left); a clump of blooming Glacier Lilies (right)

An early season Glacier Lily pushs through snow (left); a clump of blooming Glacier Lilies (right).

Glacier Lily
Erythronium grandiflorum

Each plant usually boasts a single flower supported on a 6-12 inch (15-30 cm) long stem (unlike the 2-3 flowers per stem found on Avalanche Lilies), but often found growing in clumps of multiple individuals. Glacier lilies also bloom earlier than Avalanche Lilies or other flowers, sometimes even pushing through late-season snow in order to flower.

 
Mountain Monkeyflower

Mountain Monkeyflower

NPS Photo

Mountain Monkeyflower
Mimulus tilingii

Spreads via rootstock and runners to form small patches or mats, with branched stems ranging from 2-8 inches (5-20 cm) long. Commonly found along streams or areas of wet ground.

 
Smooth Mountain Dandelion

Smooth Mountain Dandelion

NPS, Crow Vecchio

Smooth Mountain Dandelion
Nothocalais alpestris

Stems are leafless, supporting a single flower, with hairless basal leaves. Leaves may have a few teeth, pointing back to the base of the leaf. Common in moist subalpine areas though most frequently seen in the north and east sides of the park.

Did You Know?

Mount Rainier summit with Mount Adams in the distance.

At 14,410 feet, Mount Rainier is the highest peak in the Cascade Range. From various locations around the park you can see four other Cascade volcanoes: Mount Saint Helens, Mount Adams, Mount Baker, and Glacier Peak. On a clear day, you can see the tip of Mount Hood, in northern Oregon, from Paradise Meadows.