The Battle of Monocacy: Morning
10:00 a.m. Confederate General John McCausland’s cavalry brigade began to cross the Monocacy River at the Worthington-McKinney ford (1). As they crossed, lead elements encountered a company of Union cavalry from the 8th Illinois. A small skirmish ensued (2) until the outnumbered Illinois men were forced to fall back to the Union line, where they warned of the Confederate advance (3).
10:30 a.m. Alerted to the Confederate crossing, Union Brigadier General James Ricketts positioned a battle line behind a post and rail fence on the Thomas Farm to meet the advance. The hidden Union defenders waited as the unsuspecting Confederates advanced to within 125 yards (1), then opened fire and caught the Confederates off guard (2). Taking a number of casualties, the Confederates were pushed back to the Worthington House in disorder (3).
11:00 a.m. As Ricketts engaged McCausland on the Thomas Farm, a second Confederate attack was mounted on Davis’ position at the junction. The Confederates attempted to attack the Union right flank near the railroad and capture one of the blockhouses. Davis was warned by his pickets and repelled the attack. As both Ricketts and Davis were engaged, Wallace ordered the covered bridge burned. Davis’ detachment was not recalled and was left on the opposite side of the river for the remainder of the battle.
Did You Know?
White-tailed deer are found in abundance on the battlefield. The rising population of deer has an intense affect on the herbaceous and woody plants found within the park, and several studies have recently been conducted on the effects of the overpopulation of deer. More...