• Kelso Mountain

    Mojave

    National Preserve California

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  • Kelso Depot Visitor Center hours

    Kelso Depot Visitor Center is open Fridays through Tuesdays from 9 am to 5 pm, closed Wednesdays and Thursdays. The Beanery Lunch Counter is closed.

Springs & Seeps: Pinto Valley (1:24,000)

Big Hunch Mine South
MOJA Spring ID: PIVA1
General Location: NA
Elevation:
1733 m
History: NA
Hydrogeology:
NA
Type of Spring:
NA
Vegetation:
NA
Animal Use:
NA
Aquatic Biota:
NA
Ephemeral:
NA
Discharge:
NA
Water quality:
NA
Site Condition:
NA
Type of disturbance:
NA
Type of infrastructure/diversion:
NA
Photos:
No

CARUTHERS CANYON (CCA)
Caruthers Canyon Top Pool, pool 2, pool 3, USGS Gauging Station
MOJA Spring ID(s):
PIVA2 – 4, 12
General Location: Caruthers Canyon
Elevation:
1726 -1766 m
History: Mining
Hydrogeology:
NA
Type of spring:
NA
Vegetation:
Grasses
Animal Use:
NA
Aquatic biota:
NA
Ephemeral:
No
Discharge:
NA
Water quality:
NA
Site Condition:
undisturbed
Type of disturbance:
None
Type of infrastructure/diversion:
USGS gauging station.
Photos: Yes

Fourth of July Canyon Creek
MOJA Spring ID:
PIVA5
General Location:
Fourth of July Canyon Elevation: 1689 m
History: Mining
Hydrogeology:
NA
Type of spring:
Seep (in a creek bed)
Vegetation: Grasses
Animal Use:
NA
Aquatic biota:
NA
Ephemeral:
No
Discharge:
NA
Water quality:
NA
Site Condition:
slightly disturbed
Type of disturbance: diversion
Type of infrastructure/diversion:
There is a silted in check-dam in the creek channel and remnants of a pipe about 100m below the actual seep, which is also located in the creek channel.
Photos: Yes

GOVERNMENT HOLES (GOV)
Government Holes (well & trough)
MOJA Spring ID:
PIVA6W, PIVA6T
General Location: Round Valley
Elevation:
1541 m
History: extensive
Hydrogeology: NA
Type of spring:
Well with trough
Vegetation:
Cottonwoods
Animal Use:
NA
Aquatic biota:
NA
Ephemeral:
No
Discharge:
NA
Water quality:
NA
Site Condition:
highly disturbed
Type of disturbance:
livestock
Type of infrastructure/diversion: windmill, trough
Photos: Yes

HOWE SPRING (HOW)
Howe Spring (mine shaft), Howe Seep (lower)

MOJA Spring ID:
PIVA1, 6-8
General Location: South of Butcher Knife Canyon
Elevation: 1720 – 1741 m
History:
Mining
Hydrogeology:
NA
Type of spring:
Rheocrene, mine shaft, seep
Vegetation:
NA
Animal Use:
NA
Aquatic biota:
NA
Ephemeral:
NA
Discharge:
0.03125 gpm (Howe Spring)
Water quality: NA
Site Condition:
highly disturbed
Type of disturbance:
diversion, wildfire
Type of infrastructure/diversion:
Mine Shaft, historic windmill and other infrastructure was severely damage or destroyed in the 2005 wildfire.
Photos: Yes

Matt Spring
MOJA Spring IDs:
PIVA9
General Location:
Watson Wash
Elevation: 1434 m
History: NA
Hydrogeology:
NA
Type of spring:
NA
Vegetation:
NA
Animal Use:
cattle
Aquatic biota:
NA
Ephemeral:
no
Discharge:
0.125 gpm
Water quality:
NA
Site Condition:
NA
Type of disturbance:
livestock
Type of infrastructure/diversion:
NA
Photos:
No

ROCK SPRING (ROS)
Rock Spring and Upper Rock Spring
MOJA Spring IDs:
PIVA10, 11
General Location: Watson Wash
Elevation:
1461 - 1474 m
History: Rock Spring was used to irrigate Lanfair Valley until it ran dry.
Hydrogeology: NA
Type of spring:
NA
Vegetation:
Salix Lasiolepis in wash, Malacothrix coulteri, Brickeleia, Ericameria laricifolia, needlegrass, Baccharis sergiloides, Prunus fasciculatum. Phaecilia fremontii in sunny sandy slope above wash (Upper).
Animal Use:
NA
Aquatic biota:
NA
Ephemeral: NA
Discharge:
NA
Water quality:
NA
Site Condition:
NA
Type of disturbance:
diversion
Type of infrastructure/diversion:
Lots of old iron 2” pipe above this site (Upper). Rock Spring is adjacent to the canyon wall and has a springbox storing some water which is piped out to a pool below.
Photos: Yes

Did You Know?

photo of rock and Joshua trees

At 1.6 million acres, Mojave National Preserve is the third largest National Park Service area outside of Alaska. Death Valley National Park and Yellowstone National Park rank first and second.