• Kelso Mountain

    Mojave

    National Preserve California

Springs & Seeps: Pinto Valley (1:24,000)

Big Hunch Mine South
MOJA Spring ID: PIVA1
General Location: NA
Elevation:
1733 m
History: NA
Hydrogeology:
NA
Type of Spring:
NA
Vegetation:
NA
Animal Use:
NA
Aquatic Biota:
NA
Ephemeral:
NA
Discharge:
NA
Water quality:
NA
Site Condition:
NA
Type of disturbance:
NA
Type of infrastructure/diversion:
NA
Photos:
No

CARUTHERS CANYON (CCA)
Caruthers Canyon Top Pool, pool 2, pool 3, USGS Gauging Station
MOJA Spring ID(s):
PIVA2 – 4, 12
General Location: Caruthers Canyon
Elevation:
1726 -1766 m
History: Mining
Hydrogeology:
NA
Type of spring:
NA
Vegetation:
Grasses
Animal Use:
NA
Aquatic biota:
NA
Ephemeral:
No
Discharge:
NA
Water quality:
NA
Site Condition:
undisturbed
Type of disturbance:
None
Type of infrastructure/diversion:
USGS gauging station.
Photos: Yes

Fourth of July Canyon Creek
MOJA Spring ID:
PIVA5
General Location:
Fourth of July Canyon Elevation: 1689 m
History: Mining
Hydrogeology:
NA
Type of spring:
Seep (in a creek bed)
Vegetation: Grasses
Animal Use:
NA
Aquatic biota:
NA
Ephemeral:
No
Discharge:
NA
Water quality:
NA
Site Condition:
slightly disturbed
Type of disturbance: diversion
Type of infrastructure/diversion:
There is a silted in check-dam in the creek channel and remnants of a pipe about 100m below the actual seep, which is also located in the creek channel.
Photos: Yes

GOVERNMENT HOLES (GOV)
Government Holes (well & trough)
MOJA Spring ID:
PIVA6W, PIVA6T
General Location: Round Valley
Elevation:
1541 m
History: extensive
Hydrogeology: NA
Type of spring:
Well with trough
Vegetation:
Cottonwoods
Animal Use:
NA
Aquatic biota:
NA
Ephemeral:
No
Discharge:
NA
Water quality:
NA
Site Condition:
highly disturbed
Type of disturbance:
livestock
Type of infrastructure/diversion: windmill, trough
Photos: Yes

HOWE SPRING (HOW)
Howe Spring (mine shaft), Howe Seep (lower)

MOJA Spring ID:
PIVA1, 6-8
General Location: South of Butcher Knife Canyon
Elevation: 1720 – 1741 m
History:
Mining
Hydrogeology:
NA
Type of spring:
Rheocrene, mine shaft, seep
Vegetation:
NA
Animal Use:
NA
Aquatic biota:
NA
Ephemeral:
NA
Discharge:
0.03125 gpm (Howe Spring)
Water quality: NA
Site Condition:
highly disturbed
Type of disturbance:
diversion, wildfire
Type of infrastructure/diversion:
Mine Shaft, historic windmill and other infrastructure was severely damage or destroyed in the 2005 wildfire.
Photos: Yes

Matt Spring
MOJA Spring IDs:
PIVA9
General Location:
Watson Wash
Elevation: 1434 m
History: NA
Hydrogeology:
NA
Type of spring:
NA
Vegetation:
NA
Animal Use:
cattle
Aquatic biota:
NA
Ephemeral:
no
Discharge:
0.125 gpm
Water quality:
NA
Site Condition:
NA
Type of disturbance:
livestock
Type of infrastructure/diversion:
NA
Photos:
No

ROCK SPRING (ROS)
Rock Spring and Upper Rock Spring
MOJA Spring IDs:
PIVA10, 11
General Location: Watson Wash
Elevation:
1461 - 1474 m
History: Rock Spring was used to irrigate Lanfair Valley until it ran dry.
Hydrogeology: NA
Type of spring:
NA
Vegetation:
Salix Lasiolepis in wash, Malacothrix coulteri, Brickeleia, Ericameria laricifolia, needlegrass, Baccharis sergiloides, Prunus fasciculatum. Phaecilia fremontii in sunny sandy slope above wash (Upper).
Animal Use:
NA
Aquatic biota:
NA
Ephemeral: NA
Discharge:
NA
Water quality:
NA
Site Condition:
NA
Type of disturbance:
diversion
Type of infrastructure/diversion:
Lots of old iron 2” pipe above this site (Upper). Rock Spring is adjacent to the canyon wall and has a springbox storing some water which is piped out to a pool below.
Photos: Yes

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