• Kelso Mountain

    Mojave

    National Preserve California

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  • Kelso Depot Visitor Center hours

    Kelso Depot Visitor Center is open Fridays through Tuesdays from 9 am to 5 pm, closed Wednesdays and Thursdays. The Beanery Lunch Counter is closed.

  • Watch for storm damage on all roads

    Recent storms have caused flash flooding and damage to roads. Reduce speed and use caution when traveling through the park after storms. Call 760-252-6100 or 760-252-6108 for updates. Check our Current Conditions page for information on specific roads. More »

Springs & Seeps: Hayden (1:24,000)

Boulder
MOJA Spring ID: HAYD1
General Location:
NA
Elevation:
1070 m
History: NA
Hydrogeology:
NA
Type of Spring:
Dry
Vegetation:
Area is lush with bacharris
Animal Use:
NA
Aquatic Biota:
NA
Ephemeral:
NA
Discharge:
NA
Water quality:
NA
Site Condition:
highly disturbed
Type of disturbance: diversion, springbox
Type of infrastructure/diversion: A 20 foot well with an old pump and hand cranked risers is found above the steep left bank of the wash. The well is dry.
Photos:
No

Macedonia Spring
MOJA Spring ID:
HAYD2
General Location: Macedonia Canyon
Elevation:
1535 m
History:
NA
Hydrogeology:
NA
Type of spring:
Qanat
Vegetation:
Thick growth of baccharis at the site.
Animal Use: NA
Aquatic biota:
NA
Ephemeral:
NA
Discharge:
NA
Water quality:
NA
Site Condition:
slightly disturbed
Type of disturbance:
diversion
Type of infrastructure/diversion: Possible collapsed qanat at upper end of the spring area. No water noted. A metal pipe was observed at the very bottom of the approx 30 yds of baccharis. Unknown where pipe led to (most likely a trough lower in the canyon).
Photos: No

Providence Mill Site Hand-Dug Well, Providence Mill Site Seep
MOJA Spring IDs:
HAYD4(W)
General Location: Providence Mountains western slopes (Hayden)
Elevation: 1103-1107 m
History: Unpatented mining claim and historic mill site. Later the water source was used to provide water for cattle in the nearby corral.
Hydrogeology:
Type of spring: Hand-dug well/exposure seep
Vegetation: catclaw, water weed
Animals using spring: Rats
Aquatic biota: water skippers
Ephemeral: no
Discharge: 0 l/m
Water quality at Seep - pH: 7.92, Conductivity: 2189 (µS/cm), Salinity 1.44 (0/00), DO: 0.52 mg/l
Site Condition: Hand-dug well: highly disturbed; seep: undisturbed
Type of disturbance: well and historic diversion
Type of infrastructure/diversion: The hand-dug well consists of 10-11 rows of 8x8 wooden beams down to the surface of the water level. Past that the walls of the well consist of rock. The water in the well itself is more than 6 feet deep. The wash contains intermittent pools/seeps and is cut down through a historic corral. Some historic metal piping running from the well to the corral is still present.
Photos: yes

Tough Nut Spring
MOJA Spring ID:
HAYD3
General Location: Providence Mountains
Elevation:
1270 m
History: NA
Hydrogeology:
NA
Type of spring:
Qanat/Adit (collapsed)
Vegetation: NA
Animal Use:
NA
Aquatic biota:
NA
Ephemeral:
Yes (at best)
Discharge: NA
Water quality:
NA
Site Condition:
highly disturbed
Type of disturbance:
diversion, excavation
Type of infrastructure/diversion:
There is a large amount of coiled pipe just below the spring site. It appears that there was a qanat (or old mine shaft) that water was piped out of at one time. This has since collapsed (there is a 3 foot depression just above where the entrance appears to have been. Some wet soil can be found about 20 yards above where the excavation once was, but no surface water was observed.
Photos: No

Tough Nut Well
MOJA Spring ID:
HAYD4W
General Location: Providence Mountains
Elevation:
1140 m
History: NA
Hydrogeology:
NA
Type of spring:
Well
Vegetation:
NA
Animal Use:
NA
Aquatic biota:
NA
Ephemeral:
NA
Discharge:
NA
Water quality:
NA
Site Condition:
NA
Type of disturbance:
NA
Type of infrastructure/diversion:
Wooden Well
Photos:
No

Unnamed Spring #14
MOJA Spring ID:
HAYD5
General Location: Providence Mountains
Elevation:
1265 m
History: The spring was developed to provide water for the small mining operation on the opposite bank.
Hydrogeology: NA
Type of spring:
NA
Vegetation:
NA
Animal Use:
NA
Aquatic biota:
NA
Ephemeral:
NA
Discharge:
NA
Water quality:
NA
Site Condition:
highly disturbed
Type of disturbance: diversion
Type of infrastructure/diversion: An old cabin with a mine shaft is situated on the left bank. The spring is located in the shallow, cement spring box upslope of the opposite bank. A cement trough with metal pipe is located about 20 feet below the spring at the edge of the wash.
Photos: Yes

Did You Know?

photo of joshua trees

The Joshua tree forest along Cima Road is the largest in the world. Hike the Teutonia Peak trail to get a better look at the Joshua trees. More...