• Kelso Mountain

    Mojave

    National Preserve California

There are park alerts in effect.
hide Alerts »
  • Kelso Depot Visitor Center hours

    Kelso Depot Visitor Center is open Fridays through Tuesdays from 9 am to 5 pm, closed Wednesdays and Thursdays. The Beanery Lunch Counter is closed.

  • Watch for storm damage on all roads

    Recent storms have caused flash flooding and damage to roads. Reduce speed and use caution when traveling through the park after storms. Call 760-252-6100 or 760-252-6108 for updates. Check our Current Conditions page for information on specific roads. More »

Springs & Seeps: Granite Spring (1:24,000)

Granite Spring
MOJA Spring ID:
GRSP1
General Location: Halloran Summit
Elevation: 1136 m
History: NA
Hydrogeology:
NA
Type of spring:
NA
Vegetation:
NA
Animal Use:
NA
Aquatic biota:
NA
Ephemeral:
no
Discharge:
NA
Water quality:
NA
Site Condition:
NA
Type of disturbance:
livestock recreation diversion etc.
Type of infrastructure/diversion: Old bathtub filled with water supplied by underground seep.
Photos:
Yes

Henry Spring
MOJA Spring ID:
GRSP2
General Location:
Halloran Summit
Elevation:
830 m
History: pre-historic use, homestead, cattle grazing
Hydrogeology: NA
Type of spring:
Qanat
Vegetation:
Near the qanat are Amsinkia tesselata, Lepidium sp., weedy mustard, Schismus, Bromus rubens, herbaceous Fabaceae: Lotus/Melilotus. The Fabaceae, brome, and mustards are confined to the disturbed area. Typha in sandy soil, surface dry, wet below, with Bromus rubens, Cleomella, Schismus.
Animal Use: rabbits, quails, doves
Aquatic biota: none
Ephemeral:
no
Discharge:
none
Water quality:
pH: 7.97, Conductivity: 1505 (µS/cm), DO: 6.0 mg/l, TDS: 748 mg/l, Salinity: 0.5 (0/00)
Site Condition: highly disturbed
Type of disturbance: livestock, diversion
Type of infrastructure/diversion:
Site consists of a 50’ long backhoed trench downgradient from a large excavated qanat. The qanat opening is shored up with large timbers. The steep walls of the trench are 6-8’ high, becoming deeply eroded.
Photos: Yes

Did You Know?

photo of detail on Kelso Depot.

The railroad town of Kelso in Mojave National Preserve was named in 1905 by railroad construction workers. Two men placed their names in a hat, along with that of a third who had just moved away. The name drawn from the hat was that of John H. Kelso, the man absent from the drawing. More...