• Kelso Mountain

    Mojave

    National Preserve California

Springs & Seeps: Cima Dome (1:24,000)

CUT SPRING (CUT)
Cut Spring, homestead NW shallow well, homestead SE shallow well, Cut Spring unnamed spring, 2, 3, 4
MOJA Spring IDs:
CIDO7-13
General Location: Cima Dome
Elevation:
1561 – 1608 m
History:
NA
Hydrogeology:
NA
Type of spring:
NA
Vegetation:
Thamnosma montana, Oryzopsis hymenoides and at least 2 other grasses. Populus fremonti red catkins, Baccharis, Purshia sp,, Prunus fasciculate, Asteraceae desert fir, moss near "source", Gutierrezia, Opuntia chlorotica. Salzaria mexicana, Salvia dorii, Yucca brevifolia, Yucca bacatta, Opuntia Erinacea, Opuntia acanthocarpa.
Animal Use: Coyote, Big Horn Sheep
Aquatic biota:
NA
Ephemeral:
some of these springs
Discharge:
1 gpm (homestead SE shallow well)
Water quality: NA
Site Condition:
NA
Type of disturbance:
NA
Type of infrastructure/diversion:
NA
Photos:
Yes

Deer Spring (drinker & qanat)
MOJA Spring ID:
CIDO1D & CIDO1Q
General Location: Cima Dome
Elevation: 1595 & 1604 m
History: Part of the ranching infrastructure at Valley View Ranch.
Hydrogeology: NA
Type of spring:
Qanat providing water to drinker.
Vegetation:
At qanat: Crabgrass (coverage: 15 x 7 m), Ericameria linearifolia (coverage 15 x 2 m); Joshua tree scrub. Shrubs in the spring area include: Lycium, Atriplex, Prunus fascilata, Eriogonum fasciculatum (the latter heavily browsed). At drinker: Catitails, algae, various grasses.
Animals using spring: Deer
Aquatic biota
(e.g., Bufo, bugs):
Ephemeral: NA
Discharge:
NA
Water quality:
NA
Site Condition: highly disturbed
Type of disturbance: Qanat, which provides water to livestock about 110 m downhill.
Type of infrastructure/diversion: Main source of water appears to be from the qanat; dug just below and west of a barely protruding knob of granite. Qanat dimensions approx 4’ x 4’, and approx 3’ to bottom of excavated hole. Covered with 2” thick planks. Qanat has water about 17” deep. Qanat is in a local depression (probably dug out). The overflowing drinker in the corral is 15 x 4 ft and 1 ft deep and is equipped with a flow-valve.
Photos: No

Ginn Mine
MOJA Spring ID:
CIDO2
General Location: Ivanpah Mountains (Cima Dome)
Elevation:
1677 m
History: Mining
Hydrogeology: NA
Type of spring:
Limnocrenes
Vegetation:
No obligatory and facultative wetland species.
Animals using spring:
NA
Aquatic biota:
NA
Ephemeral:
NA
Discharge:
None
Water quality:
NA
Site Condition:
Moderately Disturbed
Type of disturbance:
This spring is a deep pool in a cracked rock formation which has been historically enlarged and measures now about 9 ft long x 3 ft wide x 6 ft deep. In January 2010 the water was about 4 ft deep.
Type of infrastructure/diversion:
At the outlet of the pool a 1 foot dam had been built including an outlet for a pipe. Historic mining infrastructure, including an old pump, is located in the vicinity of this water feature.
Photos:
No

KESSLER SPRING (KES)
Kessler Spring (seep in wash, original shallow well, 2nd original shallow well, drinker)
MOJA Spring IDs:
CIDO3-5, 14
General Location:
Kessler Peak
Elevation:
1449 – 1460 m
History: Homestead, grazing
Hydrogeology:
Desert wet meadow
Type of spring:
Seep, Shallow wells
Vegetation:
Eriophyllum wallacii, Baccharis sergiloides, Senecio flaccidus (common composite shrub), Ambrosia eriocentra, Tamarisk, Rumex, Lycium, Erodium cicutarium, Salsola, Populus fremontii (seep in wash). Eliocharis parishii, Hordeum sp., Bromus madritensis ssp. rubens -- not extensive, only in disturbed or otherwise bare soil; Yucca brevifolis; Lycium; Atriplex; Larrea (rare); bunch grass, heavily grazed so that no flowering or fruiting parts; Opuntia's, composite shrub (original shallow well).
Animal Use: cattle, burros, deer, coyote, black throated sparrows, rabbits, bees
Aquatic biota: Amphipods
Ephemeral:
no
Discharge:
1 l/m (seep)
Water quality: pH: 7.47, Conductivity: 1184 (µS/cm) (seep in wash); original shallow well: DO: 12 mg/l, pH: 8.7, Conductivity: 1938 (µS/cm), TDS: 934 mg/l, Salinity: 1.0 (0/00); 2nd original shallow well: DO: 16.15 mg/l, pH: 8.05, Conductivity: 2170 (µS/cm), TDS: 1085 mg/l, Salinity: 1.1 (0/00); drinker: DO: 16.84 mg/l, pH: 8.5, Conductivity: 1828 (µS/cm), TDS: 900 mg/l, Salinity: 0.9 (0/00)
Site Condition: highly disturbed
Type of disturbance:
Tamarisk, diversion, livestock
Type of infrastructure/diversion: Seven feet down from enclosure of the original shallow well are 2 2” x 10” planks embedded in the ground covering/protecting some visible surface water (approx 1” deep). A section of disconnected 3” diameter metal pipe is encrusted in the ground and adjacent vegetation. The 2nd original shallow well is a 4.5’ square hole, supported with timbers. Full of water to near ground level, nearly 3’ deep, anoxic smell, very dark. These shallow wells feed the Kessler drinker located in the coral, which, in turn, is located in the wash, adjacent to the ranch.
Photos: Yes

White Rock Spring
MOJA Spring ID:
CIDO6
General Location:
Cima Dome
Elevation: 1513 m
History: NA
Hydrogeology:
NA
Type of spring:
NA
Vegetation:
Lot of aquatic vegetation growing in the tank - submerged. Grasses: Polypogon moaspeliensis, Bromus madriteasis ssp rubeas, Oryzopsis, Erodium cicutarium, Lepidium, Aristida.
Animal Use: Birds
Aquatic biota:
NA
Ephemeral:
No
Discharge:
3 drops per second
Water quality:
NA
Site Condition:
moderately disturbed
Type of disturbance:
livestock, diversion
Type of infrastructure/diversion:
Water stored in a circular cement tank.
Photos: No

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