• Kelso Mountain

    Mojave

    National Preserve California

There are park alerts in effect.
hide Alerts »
  • Kelso Depot Visitor Center hours

    Kelso Depot Visitor Center is open Fridays through Tuesdays from 9 am to 5 pm, closed Wednesdays and Thursdays. The Beanery Lunch Counter is closed.

  • Watch for storm damage on all roads

    Recent storms have caused flash flooding and damage to roads. Reduce speed and use caution when traveling through the park after storms. Call 760-252-6100 or 760-252-6108 for updates. Check our Current Conditions page for information on specific roads. More »

Springs & Seeps: Van Winkle Spring (1:24,000)

ARROWWEED SPRING (AWS) GROUP
Arrowweed Spring & qanat, Granite Canyon Spring, Wild West Spring
MOJA Spring IDs: VWSP1, 1Q , 2, 5
General Location: Pine Tree Ranch site
Elevation:
1212 -1300 m
History: NA
Hydrogeology:
NA
Type of Spring:
Rheocrene, qanat, seeps
Vegetation: Red Brome is abundant in the water course (Arrowweed). Salix goodingii male catkins with Tamarix, Baccharis sergiloides, Juncus sp., Baccharis salicifolia, Juncus mexicanus, Sisyrinchium with B. s ergiloides, Carex new growth with old inflorescense in sand crevice, Salix exigua with B. sergiloides, Polypogon monspeliensis in sand, rock crevice near pool with B. sergiloides, B madritensis, Phacelia campanulata (GraniteCanyon Spring).
Animals Use: Burros bats, birds.
Aquatic biota: Mosquitoes, flies, bees (Granite Canyon Spring)
Ephemeral: Granite Canyon and Wild West Springs
Discharge: .25-.5 gpm (Arrowweed)
Water quality: pH: 7.96, Conductivity: 1632 (µS/cm), DO: 133 mg/l, TDS: 816 mg/l, Salinity: 0.8 (0/00) (Granite Canyon Spring) Site Condition: highly disturbed (Arrowweed), slightly disturbed (Granite Canyon)
Type of disturbance: livestock, recreation, diversion
Type of infrastructure/diversion: Water collection occurred in a 4’ length section of culvert pipe (3’ diameter) sunk in the ground at the focus of 2 French drain trenches filled with cinder gravel. The qanat is located just to the south of the spring in a natural channel. The opening in approx 1.5 meters wide and 1 meter high. Length of the water storage pool is approx. 2 m front to back. The top of the dug-out hole is unconsolidated, but the sides are semi-consolidated and competent. Water is very clear. No cement reinforcement (Arrowweed). Pools above and below a rock dam are both completely silted in. (Granite Canyon).
Photos: Yes

Horse Hills Spring
MOJA Spring ID:
VWSP3
General Location:
Horse Hills
Elevation:
1252 m
History:
NA
Hydrogeology:
NA
Type of spring:
Seep
Vegetation:
NA
Animal Use:
birds, coyotes, field mice
Aquatic biota:
NA
Ephemeral:
no
Discharge:
1 drop/sec. (0.0625 gpm)
Water quality: NA
Site Condition:
NA
Type of disturbance:
NA
Type of infrastructure/diversion:
NA
Photos:
no

Quail Spring
MOJA Spring ID:
VWSP6
General Location:
Quail Spring Basin
Elevation:
1320 m
History: NA
Hydrogeology:
NA
Type of spring:
Seep
Vegetation:
Shrubs in wash included Chilopsis linearis, Senecio flaccidus, Chrysothamnus sp., Prunus fascuculatus Baccharis sergiloides; numerous annuals, especially Salivia columnaris (chia).
Animal Use: Doves, Phainopepla, burros
Aquatic biota:
none
Ephemeral: yes
Discharge:
Only in wet years
Water quality:
NA
Site Condition:
slightly disturbed
Type of disturbance:
diversion
Type of infrastructure/diversion: Dam was washed out/broken apart and the entire wash had filled with sediment (sandy surface). Dam remnant is visible on west side of channel bottom, sticking up above sand about 5”.
Photos: Yes

VAN WINKLE SPRING (VWS)
Van Winkle Spring, (drinker, qanat)
MOJA Spring IDs:
VWSP4, 4D, 4Q
General Location: Van Winkle Mountain
Elevation:
1114 – 1331 m
History:
NA
Hydrogeology:
NA
Type of spring:
Seep, Drinker, Qanat
Vegetation:
Chrysothamnus viscidiflorus, Acacia greggii infected with Phoradendron californica, Bromus madritensus ssp. rubens, Spaeralcea ambigua, Thamnosma montana, Baccharis sergiloides, Ericameria cuneata, Eriogonum fasciculatum, Ephedra nevadensis, Amsinkia tesselata, Ericameria larcifolia, Viguiera parrishii, Opuntia basilaris var. basilaris, moss, Gutierrezia sp. (Qanat).
Animal Use: Rodents
Aquatic biota:
NA
Ephemeral:
NA
Discharge:
NA
Water quality:
NA
Site Condition:
highly disturbed
Type of disturbance:
diversion
Type of infrastructure/diversion:
The qanat is located in the middle of an ephemeral channel. Pieces of sheet metal, plastic hose, and metal pipe are strewn about in the vicinity. Qanat is small, with no shaft. Pool is approx 7” deep, oval shaped about 2’ x 3’ inside. Cement reinforced.
Photos: Yes

Did You Know?

photo of 4-wheel drive vehicle exploring Mojave

Mojave National Preserve is a great place to explore by 4-wheel drive vehicle. Over a thousand miles of dirt roads are open for exploration. Driving off-road is not allowed. More...