• Montezuma Castle's prehistoric dwelling

    Montezuma Castle

    National Monument Arizona

Environmental Factors

Although the landscapes within Montezuma Castle National Monument may appear harsh and unchanging, the desert ecosystem is continually evolving. Weather, climatic shifts, and geologic processes continue to shape this environment as they have for millennia. More recently, human-caused factors such as air, noise, and water pollution, as well as introduced species, have had a much greater impact on natural resources world-wide. The undeveloped landscapes of Montezuma Castle and Montezuma Well provide an ideal place to study how various environmental factors affect desert ecosystems, and predict what changes might be expected in the future.

Did You Know?

Gray Fox

A climbing canine? That’s right, gray foxes can climb trees! Due to their curved claws, the gray fox is the only canine native to North America that can actually climb a tree.