The northern flicker is an unusual woodpecker in that it spends much of its time foraging for food, primarily ants and beetles, on the ground rather than in trees. Their bills are not the typical strong, straight chisels of other woodpeckers, but slightly curved and pointed, which is a better tool for probing crevices more efficiently.
Like other woodpeckers, however, they do excavate their own nest cavities in trees.
Look for flickers in semi-open areas and along roads in forested areas. They are often seen along gravel roads, where ants are common. As you approach them, they will flush off the road edge showing a white rump patch. They are relatively common in the Mississippi National River and Recreation Area, but their populations may be declining across their North American range.
Woodpecker egg shells are white, rather than mottled or colored. This is probably due to the nest being hidden within a dark tree cavity making camouflage unneeded.
Northern Flicker (Colaptes auratus)
Key ID Features: Both sexes are similar being primarily brown with bars on top and spots on breast. Males have a black moustache.
Present in Park: Late February through October.
Habitat: Flickers are found in forests, open forests, city parks, and wooded neighborhoods. Nests are in excavated cavities.
Did You Know?
The Upper St. Anthony Falls Lock and Dam within the Mississippi National River and Recreation Area is 49 feet deep.