• View of Square Tower House, seen along the Mesa Top Loop

    Mesa Verde

    National Park Colorado

There are park alerts in effect.
show Alerts »
  • Fire Restrictions in Effect

    Due to recent hot, dry, and windy conditions, the park is currently at very high fire danger. The following fire restrictions are in effect: No open fires are permitted anywhere within the park. Smoking is only permitted inside an enclosed vehicle. More »

Fewkes Canyon Seep Spring

Canyon seep spring
Seep spring
Separator bar with triangles in color

Residents of Cliff Palace carried water to the dwelling from several nearby springs. Although there is a small seep located near the entrance of Cliff Palace, it is unknown if it supplied enough water for all of the people who lived here. The closest spring today is the one shown above, in Fewkes Canyon near Sun Temple.

The residents of Cliff Palace were farmers who worked fields on the mesa tops. They primarily grew corn, beans and squash using dry land farming techniques. They also harvested the plants native to the area, and hunted the animals to supplement their diet. There are no streams or rivers in the park, so the only regular sources of water in the area were seep springs, such as the one pictured above. The only other source of reliable water was the Mancos River located several miles away from Cliff Palace. Archeologists have documented numerous ancient features and structures including farming terraces and check dams built in natural drainages, water diversion systems, and catchment basins. The people who once lived in this area efficiently captured and stored the small amount of available water needed to meet their needs.

Did You Know?

Kiva courtyard at Spruce Tree House

A subterranean kiva remained 50 degrees Fahrenheit all year round. So for the Ancestral Puebloans, it stayed cool in the summer, and only a small fire was needed to keep it warm in the winter.