Artifact Gallery -- Spear and Knife
Knives, made by inserting a chiseled stone into a pitch-lined groove in a wooden handle, were used much as they are today, for construction, food preparation, and other purposes.
The longer tool here is likely a hunting spear. While such tools were made and used by Ancestral Puebloans, they were not as common since much effort went into farming. Between A.D. 450 and A.D. 750, the bow and arrow replaced the spear (or atlatl) as weapon for hunting game. It was more accurate and had a longer range.
Did You Know?
The Ancestral Puebloans inhabited Mesa Verde for more than 700 years (550 A.D. to 1300 A.D.), but for the first six centuries, they primarily lived on the mesa tops. It was not until the final 75 to 100 years that they constructed and lived in the cliff dwellings for which Mesa Verde is known.