Artifact Gallery -- Spear and Knife
Knives, made by inserting a chiseled stone into a pitch-lined groove in a wooden handle, were used much as they are today, for construction, food preparation, and other purposes.
The longer tool here is likely a hunting spear. While such tools were made and used by Ancestral Puebloans, they were not as common since much effort went into farming. Between A.D. 450 and A.D. 750, the bow and arrow replaced the spear (or atlatl) as weapon for hunting game. It was more accurate and had a longer range.
Did You Know?
Cliff Palace is the largest cliff dwelling at Mesa Verde National Park. It has 150 rooms, plus an additional 75 open areas. Twenty-one of the rooms are kivas, and 25 to 30 rooms have residential features. The number of Ancestral Puebloans living in Cliff Palace at any one time was 100 to 120.