Brigadier General Edward Stevens was commander of the left wing of the American second line, Virginia Militia, at the Battle of Guilford Courthouse. Stevens's militia fled in the face of the British charge at the calamitous Battle of Camden in the summer of 1780. This bitter recollection fresh in his memory, Stevens took steps to forestall a similar display of "rescally behaviour" at Guilford Courthouse. Twenty yards behind his main battle line he placed sharpshooters with orders to shoot down any militiamen who ran away. The Virginia militia held well during the Battle of Guilford Courthouse until Gen. Stevens received a severe musket ball would and had to be carried from the field. The loss of their leader combined with the growing disarray on the Ameircan right soon induced Stevens' brigade to begin a disjointed withdrawal. Steven survied his wound and rejoined the army at Yorktown. Following the war, he served eight years as a member of the Virginia legislature.
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