Francis Stewart Gallery
Francis Stewart visited Manzanar twice as a photographer for the War Relocation Authority. His first visit was near the beginning of camp, in May, 1942. He then returned in February, 1943, when camp life was more settled.
The captions with Stewart's photos in our gallery are in his own words. Today we use the term "internee" to talk about the Japanese Americans who lived in the camps. Stewart's usage of "evacuee" to describe his photographic subjects reflects the common terminology of 1942.
Stewart’s Manzanar photographs are part of the National Archives which are available on-line at the Japanese American Relocation Digital Archive (JARDA).
The following biography of Francis Stewart is provided by Lane Ryo Hirabayashi, Ph.D., Asian American Studies Department at UCLA:
Francis Leroy Stewart (b. 1909; d. 1992)
During the first half of the Great Depression, Stewart did commercial art for a variety of businesses. His experience preparing ads for newspapers and magazines apparently gave him professional exposure to cameras and photography. In 1935 Stewart joined the staff of the San Francisco Call Bulletin. He served as head photographer there, and also ran the photo and art departments.
Did You Know?
Manzanar interned over 10,000 people behind barbed wire with no due process of law. Some internees found it ironic that the nearest town, six miles to the north, is named Independence.