• Mt. Williamson and cemetery monument

    Manzanar

    National Historic Site California

Enabling Legislation

H.R. 543

BE IT ENACTED BY THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA IN CONGRESS ASSEMBLED,

TITLE I -- MANZANAR NATIONAL HISTORIC SITE

SEC. 101. ESTABLISHMENT.

(a) In General. -- In order to provide for the protection and interpretation of historical and cultural resources associated with the relocation of Japanese-Americans during World War II, there is hereby established the Manzanar National Historic Site (hereinafter in this title referred to as the "site").

(b) Area Included. -- The site shall consist of the lands within the area generally depicted as Alternative 3 on map 3, as contained in the Study of Alternatives for Manzanar War Relocation Center, map number 80,002 and dated February 1989. The map shall be on file and available for public inspection in the offices of the National Park Service, Department of the Interior. The Secretary of the Interior (hereinafter in this title referred to as the "Secretary") may from time to time make minor revisions in the boundary of the site.

SEC. 102. ADMINISTRATION.

(a) In General. -- The Secretary shall administer the site in accordance with this title and with the provisions of law generally applicable to units of the National Park System, including the Act entitled "An Act to establish a National Park Service, and for other purposes", approved August 25, 1916 (39 Stat. 535; 16 U.S.C. 1-4) and the Act of August 21, 1935 (49 Stat. 666; 16 U.S.C. 461-467).

(b) Donations. -- Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary may accept and expend donations of funds, property, or services from individuals, foundations, corporations, or public entities for the purpose of providing services and facilities which he deems consistent with the purposes of this title.

(c) Cooperative Agreements With State. -- In administering the site, the Secretary is authorized to enter into cooperative agreements with public and private entities for management and interpretive programs within the site and with the State of California, or any political subdivision thereof, for the rendering, on a reimbursable basis, of rescue, firefighting, and law enforcement services and cooperative assistance by nearby law enforcement and fire preventive agencies.

(d) Water. -- The water rights of the city of Los Angeles shall not be affected by the conveyance of lands under section 103, except that the Secretary shall not acquire such lands until such time as the Secretary has entered into an agreement with the city of Los Angeles which includes provisions to provide water sufficient to fulfill the purposes of the site and to protect the cultural, visual, and natural resources of the site as these resources might be affected by the exercise of such rights.

(e) Transport of Livestock. -- Any person who holds a permit from the Department of Water and Power of the city of Los Angeles, California, to graze livestock on city lands located contiguous with the site may move livestock across the Federal lands managed by the Bureau of Land Management located contiguous with the site for the purpose of transporting such livestock from one such parcel to the other.

SEC. 103. ACQUISITION OF LAND.

(a) In General. -- In order to carry out the purposes of this Act, the Secretary may acquire all lands referenced in section 101(b) through donation by or exchange with the city of Los Angeles.

(b) Authority. -- Notwithstanding any other provision of law, in event of exchange under this section, the Secretary shall utilize the Secretary's authority under section 206 of the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976 (43 U.S.C. 1716) to exchange public lands within Inyo County, California, identified as suitable for disposal by the Bureau of Land Management. Priority for such exchange shall be givento lands identified for disposal in the Bishop Resources Area Resource Management Plan and lands immediately adjacent to the site.

(c) Facility. -- The Secretary may contribute up to $1,100,000 in cash or services for the relocation and construction of a maintenance facility to replace the facility located on the land to be acquired under this section.

SEC. 104. ADVISORY COMMISSION.

(a) Establishment. -- There is hereby established an 11-member advisory commission to be known as the Manzanar National Historic Site Advisory Commission (hereinafter in this title referred to as the "Advisory Commission"). The Advisory Commission shall be composed of former internees of the Manzanar relocation camp, local residents, representatives of Native American groups, and the general public appointed by the Secretary to serve for terms of 2 years. Any member of the Advisory Commission appointed for a definite term may serve after the expiration of his term until his successor is appointed. The Advisory Commission shall designate one of its members as Chairman.

(b) Management and Development Issues. -- The Secretary, acting through the Director of the National Park Service, shall from time to time, but at least semiannually, meet and consult with the Advisory Commission on matters relating to the development, management, and interpretation of the site, including the preparation of the general management plan.

(c) Meetings. -- The Advisory Commission shall meet on a regular basis. Notice of meetings and agenda shall be published in local newspapers which have a distribution which generally covers the area affected by the site. Advisory Commission meetings shall be held at locations and in such a manner as to ensure adequate public involvement.

(d) Expenses. -- Members of the Advisory Commission shall serve without compensation as such, but the Secretary may pay expenses reasonably incurred in carrying out their responsibilities under this title on vouchers signed by the Chairman.

(e) Charter. -- The provisions of section 14(b) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act (Act of October 6, 1972; 86 Stat. 776), are hereby waived with respect to the Advisory Commission.

(f) Termination. -- The Advisory Commission shall terminate 10 years after the date of enactment of this title unless the Secretary determines that it is necessary to continue consulting with the Advisory Commission in carrying out the purposes of this Act.

SEC. 105. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

There is authorized to be appropriated such sums as necessary to carry out this title.

TITLE II -- JAPANESE AMERICAN NATIONAL HISTORIC LANDMARK THEME STUDY

SEC. 201. SHORT TITLE.

This title may be cited as the "Japanese American National Historic Landmark Theme Study Act".

SEC. 202. THEME STUDY.

(a) Study. -- The Secretary of the Interior (hereinafter in this title referred to as the "Secretary") is authorized and directed to prepare and transmit to the Congress no later than two years after the date of enactment of this title a National Historic Landmark Theme Study on Japanese American history (hereinafter in this title referred to as the "Theme Study"). The purpose of the Theme Study shall be to identify the key sites in Japanese American History that illustrate the period in American history when personal justice was denied Japanese Americans. The Theme Study shall identify, evaluate and nominate as national historic landmarks those sites, buildings, and structures, that best illustrate or commemorate the period in American history from 1941-1946 when Japanese Americans were ordered to be detained, relocated or excluded pursuant to Executive Order Number 9066, and other actions. The study shall include (but not be limited to) the following sites:

(1) Internment or concentration and temporary detention camps where Japanese Americans were relocated, detained and excluded pursuant to Executive Order Number 9066, issued on February 19, 1942. The internment camps include: Tule Lake, California; Rohwer, Arkansas; Gila River, Arizona; Poston, Arizona; Granada, Colorado; Jerome, Arkansas; Heart Mountain, Wyoming; [*H4890] Minidoka, Idaho; and, Topaz, Utah. The temporary detention camps include Pomona, California; Santa Anita, California; Fresno, California; Pinedale, California; Tanforan in San Bruno, California; Sacramento, California; Marysville, California; Mayer, Arizona; Salinas, California; Turlock, California; Merced, California; Stockton, California; Tulare, California; Puyallup, Washington; and, Portland, Oregon.

(2) Angel Island, California, the port of entry for many Japanese Issei.

(3) Camp Shelby, Mississippi, the training ground for the 442nd Infantry Regimental Combat Team.

(4) Camp Savage and Fort Snelling, Minnesota, locations for the Military Intelligence Service Language School where Japanese Americans received Japanese language instruction, enabling the Japanese Americans to translate Japanese war plans into English.

(5) Camp McCoy, Wisconsin where the 100th Infantry Batallion was trained.

(6) Terminal Island, California the first location where Japanese Americans were forced to evacuate.

(7) Bainbridge Island, Washington where Japanese Americans were evacuated pursuant to Exclusion Order Number 1.

(8) Immigration and Naturalization Service internment camps at Crystal City, Kennedy and Seagoville, Texas, Missoula, Montana, and Bismarck, North Dakota.

(b) Identification and List. -- On the basis of the Theme Study, the Secretary shall identify possible new National Historic Landmarks appropriate to this theme and prepare a list in order of importance or merit of the most appropriate sites for National Historic Landmark designation.

SEC. 203. CONSULTATION.

In carrying out the study, the Secretary shall consult with Japanese American citizens groups, and scholars of Japanese American history, and historic preservationists. The Secretary shall receive permission from Indian tribes to obtain access to Indian lands.

SEC. 204. COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS.

The Secretary may enter into cooperative agreements with one or more Japanese American citizens organizations knowledgeable of Japanese American history, especially the relocation and internment period during World War II, to prepare the Theme Study and ensure that the Theme Study meets current scholarly standards.

SEC. 205. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

There is hereby authorized to be appropriated such sums as are necessary to carry out this title.

Did You Know?

Aerial view of Manzanar today. Photo by Michael Wehrey.

The city of Los Angeles gets much of its water from the Owens Valley, and it owns the majority of the land on the valley floor. The federal government leased the land for the camp from Los Angeles because it was vacant and had water.