We are just starting to develop this section of the website. Eventually there will be photographs and text about each stop on the driving tour and more in depth information about the battlefield. Check back later as more stops and revision are added.
Built during the second quarter of the 19th century, the Stone House became a prominent landmark on the Warrenton Turnpike (now US Route 29). During the Civil War, the Stone House area witnessed significant action during the two battles of Manassas, as the adjacent roads became corridors for military movement and the tide of battle swept repeatedly over the crossroads. At the First Battle of Manassas, on July 21, 1861, Confederate troops met a Union flanking force on Matthews Hill, one-half mile north of the Stone House. After a delaying action, the Southerners retreated past the Stone House to Henry Hill, where Confederate reinforcements gathered. The Stone House, meanwhile, fell into the hands of pursuing Union troops advancing south along the Sudley Road, and the building served as shelter for the wounded. After repulsing the Union attack on Henry Hill and Chinn Ridge during the afternoon, Confederate troops retook the Stone House, capturing a large number of wounded and 36 other Federals inside. During the Second Battle of Manassas (August 28-30, 1862), Union commander John Pope arrived on the field on August 29 and established his headquarters on Buck Hill, immediately north of the Stone House. On the afternoon of August 30, a massive Confederate counterattack drove Pope's army eastward to the Sudley Road corridor. Along the Sudley Road and on Henry Hill to the south of the Stone House, Union forces held back the Confederate assault and staved off disaster. In its withdrawal from the battlefield, much of the defeated Union Army retreated past the Stone House along the Warrenton Turnpike. As in the first battle, the Stone House again sheltered Union wounded. After Second Manassas, Confederate forces used the building for paroling captured Federals. In 1949, the National Park Service purchased the Stone House and later acquired the neighboring Stone House Inn in 1957. In the early 1960s, the Park Service undertook a major restoration of the property to return the Stone House and its surroundings to their Civil War era appearance. Today, the Stone House is a primary interpretive site within the battlefield. The park maintains the building and its immediate grounds while the surrounding fields are mowed annually under a hay lease.
Did You Know?
Congressman Alfred Ely, representing upstate New York, was captured by pursuing Confederates during the retreat after First Manassas. Ely spent five months in Libby Prison in Richmond, before being released. He returned to Washington and published an account of his experience the following year.