Wetlands and Seeps
Over 200 acres of wetlands have been mapped at Manassas National Battlefield. This includes both forested and herbaceous wetlands. Some herbaceous wetlands are currently undergoing succession to forested wetland. In general, forest tree species composition changes slowly in response to hydrological alterations while herbaceous vegetative composition often responds quickly to hydrological change. Year to year variation in precipitation affects the boundaries of wet meadow wetlands.
Loomis, D.T. and K.E. Heffernan. 2003. Classification and Mapping of Wetlands at Manassas National Battlefield Park, Virginia: Brawner Farm and Matthews Hill Tracts. Natural Heritage Technical Report 03-21. Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation, Division of Natural Heritage, Richmond, VA. Unpublished report submitted to the National Park Service. 8 pp.
Did You Know?
Only one civilian was killed during the battle of Bull Run. Judith Carter Henry, an 85 year old bed-ridden widow, was mortally wounded by Union artillery fire. She is buried in a small family cemetery located on Henry Hill.