• Students at South Peak

    Marsh - Billings - Rockefeller

    National Historical Park Vermont

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  • Starting Wednesday July 23rd Expect Road Closures

    July 23rd, Prosper Trail, North Slope & Middle Pass Trails - west side of the park CLOSED for forestry operations. McKenzie Farm Trail & McKenzie Rd will remain open for access between Prosper Parking Lot and the Pogue. CAUTION Heavy Equipment in use!

Glaciers / Glacial Features

Moon rise over the hills in Vermont

Moon rise over the hills in Vermont

Ed Sharron

Much of the landscape within and surrounding the park has been shaped by a number of environmental processes and human endeavors but the movement of glaciers thousands of years are responsible for giving Vermont's hills their rounded shape. The movement of glaciers is a slow process that takes thousands of years. Through Vermont's natural history, many different glaciers formed and moved to cover Vermont in ice before the climate warmed and the glaciers retreated. The last glacier to pass through this area was the Wisconsin, which brought the Laurentide Ice Sheet to the region about 11,000 years ago. This ice sheet could be two miles thick in places and would have covered even Vermont's tallest mountains. When the climate warmed, the Wisconsin glacier would retreat and plants and animals would return to the area. As the glaciers moved south they would not only erode the hills of Vermont but would also scrape the soils down to the bedrock, and still today, the soil layers in Vermont are thin and very rocky.

Did You Know?

Sunlight filters through white clouds and dark thunderheads to illuminate green-forested slopes and snow-covered mountains. NPS Photo.

Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller NHP has nearly 400 paintings and prints, including Hudson River School landscapes of places that are now national parks. You can see paintings by Thomas Cole, David Johnson, and Albert Bierstadt of features from Yosemite, Golden Gate, and Grand Teton.