The Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller NHP holds the distinction of being the oldest professionally managed forest in the United States and many of the forest stands throughout the park are still harvested for their wood. Frederick Billings, who bought this property in 1869, worked to replant Mt. Tom after years of massive deforestation left the hills in this area devoid of trees. Billings would plant many different species on his property but his signature tree was the Norway spruce. In 2006, the National Park planted a new Norway spruce plantation near the mansion to continue the legacy that Frederick Billings and his family started. Today, plantations of Eastern white pine, Scotch pine, Red pine, European larch, and Norway spruce can be found on the property.
Did You Know?
Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller NHP offers the system's first Civil War Home Front tour. 11 African-American veterans of the 54th Massachusetts are buried adjacent to the park. The Shaw Memorial, immortalizing the 54th, can be seen at Saint-Gaudens NHS and Boston African-American NHS.