Ecosystems are impacted by living organisms like plants, animals, and people but also by nonliving physical and chemical factors such water and soil chemistry, climate, and the weather. These nonliving, or abiotic, components of an ecosystem help to shape what habitats will dominate an area and also what plant and animal species will live there. Throughout the park, monitoring of these abiotic features is an important part in protecting the natural integrity of the area.
Did You Know?
Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller NHP offers the system's first Civil War Home Front tour. 11 African-American veterans of the 54th Massachusetts are buried adjacent to the park. The Shaw Memorial, immortalizing the 54th, can be seen at Saint-Gaudens NHS and Boston African-American NHS.