Lowell’s remarkable success as an early industrial city was made possible in part by engineers using the engineering design process of making choices, prototyping, and testing, steps that led to innovations in waterpower systems and textile production. This guide suggests activities that introduce students to materials properties concepts and the engineering design process.
Engineers and scientists use technology to harness water power to produce goods in the most efficient way possible.
Industrialization changes the nature of the work experience. Changes in working conditions provokes questions about the fairness of time, wages, working conditions, and safety, with corresponding responses from labor, management, government, and society.
Changing technology in the 19th century transformed the role of work and the quality of life for workers in both the industrial North and plantation South, bringing both opportunities and hardships.
The people who came to Lowell from the farms of New England and from other countries brought their unique experiences and cultural identities, helping to shape and define our American culture.
The Industrial Revolution changed the way Americans worked, lived, and used the land. People left farm villages and moved to new factory towns, where large-scale industrialization was taking place.
In the mid-19th century, society expected women to wear long and heavy skirts and tight corsets. If they were cooking, carrying a baby, or working in a mill, this clothing could become dangerous. In the early 1850s, Elizabeth Smith Miller introduced a new clothing style that allowed freedom of movement and decreased hazards. Learn how this style of dress not only provided freedom of movement, but also became a symbol of women’s rights.