• Henry Wadsworth Longfellow in his study, circa 1875.

    Longfellow House Washington's Headquarters

    National Historic Site Massachusetts

Textiles, Clothing and Domestic Items

Child's shirt and textile samples from the Lowell mills.
1840 - 1850

Top - small boy's shirt.
c. 1850

Bottom - samples of textiles from the Lowell mills, used for Longfellow children's clothing.
1845-1850

Clothing

This collection consists of over 400 Longfellow, Dana, and Thorp family clothing items from the eighteenth to early twentieth century. Included are waistcoats, jackets, trousers, hats, caps, bonnets, shoes, gowns, parasols, children's clothing, and stockings.

Of particular interest are:

*Charles Longfellow's Civil War
uniform.
*Nineteenth century Japanese items
including nineteen kimono.
*Regional costumes from nineteenth
century Greece and the Philippines.
*Henry Longfellow's smoking jacket.
*Moccasins.
*1840s textile samples from the
Lowell mills.

Other flat and rolled textiles consist of panels or fragments of curtains, drapes, upholstery, towels, blankets, slipcovers, rugs, runners, and carpets, all of which were used in the house.

Fanny Longfellow's father, Nathan Appleton, was one of the founders of the Lowell textile mills, and was a pioneer in American textile manufacturing.

 
Jumping jack doll.
c. 1855

Harlequin jumping-jack.
c. 1850

Domestic and Utilitarian Items

Domestic items used by the Longfellow family include both recreational and personal objects, such as:

*Children's toys, dolls, and games.
*A child's sled.
*Jewelry.
*Canes and walking sticks.
*Fans.
*Picnic basket with accessories.
*Hat and hair ornaments.
*Desk and writing sets.

Click here for a brochure on Longfellow National Historic Site's toy collection. (.pdf file, 405 KB)

 
Pruner.
late 19th or early 20th century

A pruner from the Longfellow garden tool collection.
late 19th or early 20th century

Utilitarian items dating from the eighteenth to the twentieth century include:

*Fireplace utensils.
*Cooking implements.
*A metal sitting bath.
*Traveling trunks.
*Garden tools.

Did You Know?

The Departure of Hiawatha, by Albert Bierstadt, c. 1868.

Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's "The Song of Hiawatha" was published in 1855. The name Hiawatha is Iroquois, but most of the stories he drew on for his work were from the Chippewa.